Punished with Labeling Theory

Labeling theory is how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. It’s almost acts as a self-fulfilling prophecy and way of stereotyping. Reading the book, Punished, made me think of labeling theory often. The book, Punished, is an ethnography about policing the […]

“Once you label me, you negate me”

In recent chapter in our book Punished , we learned about how the characters went through life circumstances that happens when people are labeled and respond and answer to it. Personally, I find labeling theory healthy in the sense that you were things and people are placed. It would be one disorganized “world” if you…

Rejected an Adolescence

It is no surprise that we live in an entirely racist society; from Black and Hispanic boys being disrespected in every form by social institutions to academic high-achievement being thought of as something white. If there is anything that Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys tells us it’s that we need to…

The Criminalization of Racialized Youth

The United States leads the world in incarceration, and many individuals in certain communities are inducted in to the criminal justice system at a very young age. This punitive state existed long before the 1980s but Reagan’s ‘War on Drugs’ served to solidify the U.S. as a pioneer of using social control to achieve mass incarceration. Children…

Brands That Leave Scars

“Tyrell was punished into believing something external to his sense of self: that he was a criminal, that he had nothing at stake, and that he “might as well handle business”- sell drugs and victimize others- since he has “nothing to lose” (Rios 2011).   Howard Becker, the father of the Labelling Theory, separates the…

Stigmas and Suspensions

Adolescents are criminalized at alarming rates, especially adolescents of color. Criminalization is the process of treating something or someone like a criminal, or at a criminal status. In his book “Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys”, author Victor M. Rios conducted a longitudinal study in Oakland by shadowing the lives of minority…

The Spatial Demarcation

“Police set parameters for where individuals could loiter or commit crime.” (Rios, 2011) The author of the book Punished, Victor Rios, created an image of the lives of Black and Latino boys. Individuals do not really understand what others go through until you are in that situation yourself. A boy that came from the same…

Labeling of Teenagers

In the book, Punished: Policing the lives of Black and Latino Boys, Victor Rios discusses how punished youth are criminalized and labeled for their delinquent acts. Thus, the society they live in(Specifically Oakland, California) continues to treat the students categorized as “delinquent” at River High School as criminals despite their efforts to “do good” or make something of…

Psychological Implications

While the physical resources are hardly provided aside from the well-funded police force, the stronger force to be reckoned with in these boy’s lives was the attack on their mental health and stability. Reading through “The Coupling of Criminal Justice and Community Institutions”, I had a similar reaction to everyone else in the class. Being…