Stigmas and Suspensions

Adolescents are criminalized at alarming rates, especially adolescents of color. Criminalization is the process of treating something or someone like a criminal, or at a criminal status. In his book “Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys”, author Victor M. Rios conducted a longitudinal study in Oakland by shadowing the lives of minority…

The Spatial Demarcation

“Police set parameters for where individuals could loiter or commit crime.” (Rios, 2011) The author of the book Punished, Victor Rios, created an image of the lives of Black and Latino boys. Individuals do not really understand what others go through until you are in that situation yourself. A boy that came from the same…