Monthly Archives: November 2015

4 Reason Why Attractive Women are Treated Differently in the Workplace

 

1- The Halo Effect

  • People who are tall, physically fit, and facially symmetrical are often times more successful than others in the workplace. Some research proves that attractive women are 10-15 percent more successful that their less attractive colleagues. This is due to the “halo effect”. People often think that attractive individuals are smarter, funnier, kinder or more athletic than average looking people.

2- The Bimbo Effect

4 Reason Why Attractive Women are Treated Differently in the Workplace

  • Good looking women may have to work harder to prove their competence especially in male dominated settings. They are seen as untrustworthy and are taken less seriously.

3- More prone to sexual harassment

4 Reason Why Attractive Women are Treated Differently in the Workplace

  • Attractiveness aside, all women attractive or not, are discriminated somehow in the workplace. On top of the discrimination, attractive women must deal with sexual harassment as well.

4- Chances of getting hired

4 Reason Why Attractive Women are Treated Differently in the Workplace

  • While attractive men may be considered better leaders, for instance, implicit sexist prejudices can work against attractive women, making them less likely to be hired for high-level jobs that require authority. For example, attractiveness may not help women in politics and may be a disadvantage for women trying to achieve higher managerial positions in the workplace. Both of these may be a consequence of the tendency to view attractive females as more feminine and thus less likely to hold the more masculine-related traits associated with those positions. And as you might expect, good-looking people of both genders run into jealousy – one study found that if you are interviewed by someone of the same sex, they may be less likely to recruit you if they judge that you are more attractive than they are.

Revising a sub-claim

“Psychotic internet”

 

Problematic internet use can cause future serious mental illness.  This is one of the reasons why we should stop using internet in a negative way. In Mittal, Dean and Pelletier’s research, they defined the term, “problematic Internet use (e.g. Internet addiction and/or using the Internet several hours a day for non-work-related activities)”. Internet addiction is a kind of psychological problem. Different people  have different reactions to Internet addiction and sometimes it can cause psychotic depression or psychotic symptom. It appears most in adolescent.  Mittal, Dean and  Pelletier started an experiment to study and analysis consequences of internet addiction and reality substitute also refer to as problematic internet use. This is first study shows that as problematic internet use increase, psychotic-like experiences (PLE) in the general population increase. An example of PLE from the article is “fleeting auditory hallucinations”. If you have psychotic experiences, you will more like develop psychotic disorder. The study find out that if we reduce problematic internet behavior to stop those people from having psychotic experience, then they might not get psychotic disorder. From their study Internet addiction, reality substitution and longitudinal changes in psychotic-like experiences in young adults, Mittal, Dean and Pelletier conclude:

 

“Indeed, recent reports that Internet addiction is associated with significant brain changes in areas that are also highly implicated with schizophrenia and PLEs, suggest that problematic Internet use may be placing further strain on an already compromised neural system.”

 

Internet addiction would cause brain changes which associates the schizophrenia area. So the internet addiction can cause more serious neural ill. For those people who already had PLEs, problematic internet use would cause further serious mental disorder. On the other hand, for a lot of normal people, psychotic disorder can be a potential mental disorder because a lot of us have problematic internet behavior such as using the internet so much or substitute the reality with internet. As we living in 21 century, young adults are fascinated by the internet, we use it to communicate, take pictures, listen to musics, do research and so on. We might somehow think about it as a bad thing, but we never aware that it can cause deeper mental ill.

 

According to Mittal, Dean and Pelletier, “One interpretation is that continued problematic Internet use is associated with worsening PLEs whereas a cease in problematic Internet use corresponds with an accompanying improvement in PLEs.” The research shows that internet addiction would cause brain changes which associates the schizophrenia area. So the internet addiction can cause more serious neural ill. A lot of normal people have problematic internet behavior such as using the internet so much or substitute the reality with internet, those people would have PLEs which can cause further serious mental disorder.

 

 

A video about treating internet addiction in China among young kids.

Revised sub claim

Antibiotics used in cattle for commercial consumption products like meat and dairy.

Antibiotics employed by food industries is another contributor to substandard food quality which has a negative health affects on the consumer. In the most recent CDC study “Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States”, stated that FDA observed “emergence of multidrug-resistant pathogens” due to food industries overuse of antimicrobial drugs on animals. Food industries use antibiotics on animals  to boost health and increase growth rate. Reduction in animal loss due to illness and faster product output cut cost, this is profitable for the company. Animals are exposed to bacteria and virus like any organism, in the commercial setting because of living conditions exposure to pathogens is higher. Instead of letting the animal use its natural immune system defenses to fight and deter pathogens, companies find it more effective to use antibiotics.  The solution is a double edge sword, yes the drug kills the majority of germs but their is a few that survive. The few that survive are resistance most likely because of species genetic variability, they prosper and reproduce. Survivor’s offspring become the drug resistant pathogens that are more persistent and violent towards host treatment. The CDC illustrates using a pictorial flow chart to show route of exposure and antibiotics adversely effect humans. Animals get antibiotics and develop resistant bacteria in their guts. Fertilizer or water containing animal feces and drug-resistant bacteria is used on food crops. Drug-resistant bacteria in the animal feces can remain on crops and be eaten. Drug-resistant bacteria can remain on meat from animals. When not handled or cooked properly, the bacteria can spread to humans. These bacteria can remain in the human gut. George gets antibiotics and develops resistant bacteria in his gut. Healthcare Facility Resistant bacteria spread to other patients from surfaces within the healthcare facility. Resistant germs spread directly to other patients or indirectly on unclean hands of healthcare providers. George stays at home and in the general community. Spreads resistant bacteria. George gets care at a hospital, nursing home or other inpatient care facility.

Revising a subclaim

Social media can be helpful to law enforcement because it is an easier way to spread information that is important and that can pose certain risks for the community and masses of people. Although researchers such as Gwendolyn Waters can attribute negative effects to integrating the use of social media and law enforcement, the benefits are greater. Personally, I’m able to see this from time to time. Being an active user of social media and holding accounts with Faceboook and Twitter for example, it is not unlikely to see a retweet of a child’s face on my timeline with the caption “Thank you to everyone who helped bring my brother/sister home by reblogging their picture.” It certainly makes you think twice the next time you come across an amber alert that has been widespread across these mediums. Thanks to this kind of help, law enforcement has had success stories because of the quick approach that was taken in particular cases and the results it has brought.

Sub-Claim

There is nothing in the universe that is perfect. Everyone makes mistakes. It’s no secret that the NSA has made numerous infractions. Gellman states that most of the infractions and rule breaking are involved in unauthorized surveillance of Americans in the United States.  It was reported that in May of 2012, over 2,000 incidents were recorded where information was collected, access and stored that was unauthorized. Although it may not be on purpose and be accidental, it needs to be regulated because this is can lead to an abuse of power and to a world without confidentiality. If there is a will, there is a way. That should be the motto of the NSA because there are many jurisdictions involving privacy and they somehow manage to get around it every time.

The most famous “infraction,” you can say, is when Edward Snowden leaked NSA documentation. It was a major scandal because he did what no one has ever done. Edward Snowden was an employee of the NSA who took classified documentation of surveillance programs in effect by the NSA. He saved all this information onto several computers. He then booked a flight to Hong Kong where he had strategically “dropped a bombshell” of all the information collected by the NSA,which consisted of records of phone calls and emails sent from American citizens.

It also consisted of information of surveillance of international officials as well. Eric Griffith stated that Snowden has documentation of surveillance programs centered on the Internet, which would diminish the privacy of computers, the Web, and smartphones. Snowden now faces many felonious charges in the United States but he has been granted asylum in Russia to avoid these charges.

 

Revising a sub-claim

Parenting Help: How Forums Provide a Much Needed Respite

Parents whose kids have behavioral issues and/or mental illnesses face even more difficulties in addition to the “normal” challenges of raising a child, but they have found peer support online through forums and Facebook groups. These peer connections are crucial because, when a child diagnosed with Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is not doing well in school, for example, the blame is very often put on mothers. In addition, because of the nature of their children’s issues, moms are often perceived as too lenient or just bad parents (Mash & Wolfe, 2015). In reality, ADHD has several etiologies and only one of them is related to parenting, but unfortunately that is not common knowledge. Society then often stigmatizes and ostracizes families dealing with ADHD and other behavioral disorders such as Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). Thus, these moms frequently find themselves without support from relatives, neighbors and teachers, making their situation even more desperate.

So, it should come as no surprise that these parents are naturally eager to receive any kind of support, even if it is online. Sociology Professor Juanne N. Clarke and her colleagues Gudrun Van Ameron and Laura Lang from the Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada, have conducted two discourse analyses studies in three blogs dedicated to ADHD and a helping forum dedicated to ODD. Professor Clarke and her colleagues examined the content, wording and overall tone of the posts in these two platforms, looking for patterns in discourses and analyzing how users usually responded to each other. The researchers found that the vast majority of users in all blogs and the forum are mothers, and that “it is to the blog these mothers go to get information and support.” Another common type of thread is a parent relating his or her child’s newly founded diagnosis, normally expressing despair and the struggle to come to terms with it. The studies have also found that parents constantly “reinforce to one another that they are not to blame, that others don’t understand and that (with blog support) they are not alone.” Clearly, these parents rely on these communities to find support on a daily basis.

With the popularization of Facebook, several forums (including the ones Dr. Clarke and her colleagues examined) have migrated from independent websites to Facebook groups, most likely because it is more convenient for users to participate. There’s no need for two separate logins, and since most adults are already on Facebook, it is easier to aggregate people with a common interest. A search on Facebook shows there are several support groups, communities and pages for parents of children with ADHD, and one of the most popular is ADHD Kids Care – Support Group For Parents, with more than 30,000 “likes.” On this community, users can submit questions anonymously to the moderators, who then post the question on the page.

Facebook groups such as ADHD Kids Care allow parents to protect their privacy while providing users with peer support and information.

The open but anonymous format is a great alternative to closed groups because anyone can benefit from the information shared there. If a parent does not want to join an ADHD support group for fear that his or her friends will see it and make assumptions about his or her child, they can simply “lurk” on this open page or even submit questions without sacrificing their privacy. The possibility of keeping a child’s diagnosis private online is invaluable, since granting the world access to our private lives has become the new normal in our society. It’s important that parents have the option to get answers and support without possibly jeopardizing their child’s shot at a job or school, for example, because of their diagnosis. It might sound far-fetched, but several companies use social media as a tool in recruiting and screening potential job candidates, and we can only expect this practice to increase. Of course it would be preferable that ADHD and other disorders did not carry a stigma anymore in the future, but that is impossible to predict. Until then, pages like ADHD Kids Care allow parents to get answers and support one another without exposing their kids online.

Certainly, saying that raising a child with behavioral problems is difficult is an understatement. Unfortunately ADHD and other disorders still carry a stigma in our society, even though its prevalence ranges from 5% to up to 11% of children aged 4-17 in the United States, making it a common disorder. Parents, most often mothers, are blamed and singled out by their social circle, making it the Internet one of the few places they can go for support. In the midst of increased judgment and blaming in society, mothers can go online to be reassured by one another that they are doing the best they can to help their children.

Revised sub-claim

More scholarships and outside help

Another thing that could help lower tuition would not necessarily mean to lower the price tag of attending school, but instead to offer more money to students in the form of scholarships. By offering more scholarships, more students are able to get the financial aid they need to put them through school. One impressive example of a workplace stepping up to help is the fact that Starbucks teamed up with a local college to help their employees attend school at a discounted price or for juniors or seniors to be reimbursed for some of the education they have already paid for. Of course there are stipulations of working 20+ hours and getting 20-22 credits to show that they are dedicated to finishing what they are starting. But with all the help they will be receiving from advisors, coaches, and other important people, these stipulations should not be too hard to fulfill. This excerpt from “The Upwardly Mobile Barista” says a lot and really stuck out to me: “Across the country, dozens of colleges are starting to tap into their own data to find simple and sometimes inexpensive ways to keep their students.” The “simple and inexpensive”  solution that Georgia State University came up with was to start giving out micro-grants. They noticed that a “surprising number of students” quit before finishing because of fees they had to pay that were not covered by their student loans.

It is nice to see that schools are beginning to see that students are struggling and need help. Now, more schools need to take note of this and implement actions to help out students in need of more scholarships or grants.

Real Estate

I am going to call my “real estate” Does it Pay to be Pretty? I also chose to publish my final project on rampages. This is because i am already familiar with the site. I will be able to customize my final product from everything starting with the theme to the layout to my liking.