Category Archives: nugget

Google like a pro research post

 

According to Dr. Elias Aboujaoude, a Stanford psychiatrist and author of Virtually You, The Dangerous Powers of the E-Personality, immersive 3-D will only be the latest manifestation of technology’s heavy role in our social lives and well-being. “To some degree, this has already happened with the Internet and social media,” Aboujaoude says, “where we can have a ‘full life’ [online] that can be quite removed from our own.” It is possible, however, that virtual reality may drastically change a person’s social and emotional needs over time. “We may stop ‘needing’ or craving real social interactions because they may become foreign to us,” Aboujaoude explains. “It doesn’t mean that they can’t make our lives better; it means that we, as a culture, are no longer aware of them and of their positive effects on our lives, because we are so immersed in virtual life and have been for some time.” He compares this change to the one experienced by digital natives, whose perception of a healthy social life has been shaped by platforms like Facebook and Gchat.

 

When I spoke at TED in 1996, reporting on my studies of the early virtual communities, I said, “Those who make the most of their lives on the screen come to it in a spirit of self-reflection.” And that’s what I’m calling for here, now: reflection and, more than that, a conversation about where our current use of technology may be taking us, what it might be costing us. We’re smitten with technology. And we’re afraid, like young lovers, that too much talking might spoil the romance. But it’s time to talk. We grew up with digital technology and so we see it as all grown up. But it’s not, it’s early days. There’s plenty of time for us to reconsider how we use it, how we build it. I’m not suggesting that we turn away from our devices, just that we develop a more self-aware relationship with them, with each other and with ourselves.

Aboujaoude in Kim’s article says that virtual reality will obviously affect our social lives and well-being. This has kind of already happened with social media because we can have a completely different life online than we have in the real world. Virtual reality could change what someone wants or needs. We might not want real world interaction anymore because it is not what we’re used to in online world. Social networking sites have changed our generation’s idea of good social life than other generations who didn’t grow up with the internet.
Sherry was saying that when the internet has just begun to spread, we were using it in a kind of self-reflection way. At that time the internet was just a tool, it was not enough to form a complete alternative virtual world to the real world of. But not what it was, and now the network is not just only a tool, but our virtual life partner, a partner can substitute reality partners. We were drawn to him. This immense virtual world gave us a lot that real life can not give us. With the popularity of the network, we are now able to switch freely in both worlds without any self-reflection.
Kim and Turkle both have the same point that the virtual world (social media, video game, online life) began to slowly replace contact and relationship between people in the reality. This is not to say that the virtual world is necessarily bad, but that we need to take self-awareness to use this virtual online world. In fact, many people know and worried that one day the technology or the internet will replace all contacts between people, but we still can not do without it. Just as we now need to use internet and computer to do this project. The network is essential with the development of civilization and technology. We can’t deny it brought us convenience. But we must know that the direct communication between people is the most fundamental culture of civilization.
Kim, M. (2015, February 18). The Good and the Bad of Escaping to Virtual Reality. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/02/the-good-and-the-bad-of-escaping-to-virtual-reality/385134/

Turkle, Sherry.(Feb. 2012.) “Connected, but Alone?” Online Video. TED Talks. https://www.ted.com/talks/sherry_turkle_alone_together?language=en

 

Video Research Nugget Post – Let’s talk about parenting taboos

Griscom, R. (Producer) & Volkman, A. (Producer) (December 2010). Let’s talk about parenting taboos. USA: accessed 10/27/2015. http://bit.ly/1PPdbzd.

Rufus Griscom and Alisa Volkman are the co-founders of Babble.com, a website that aggregates blogs, articles and news for parents. Babble.com became so popular that it was acquired by Disney in 2011, although its content has not changed much since then. Rufus and Alisa are also married and have three sons together, and in this Ted Talk they discuss four parenting taboos that they believe people should be discussing more openly:

So taboo number three: you can’t talk about your miscarriage — but today I’ll talk about mine. As I was working through that mourning process, I was amazed that I didn’t want to see anybody. I really wanted to crawl into a hole, and I didn’t really know how I was going to work my way back into my surrounding community. And I realize, I think, the way I was feeling that way, is on a really deep gut level, I was feeling a lot of shame and embarrassed, frankly, that, in some respects, I had failed at delivering what I’m genetically engineered to do. And of course, it made me question, if I wasn’t able to have another child, what would that mean for my marriage, and just me as a woman.

 

And I just remember feeling all these stories came out of the woodwork, and I felt like I happened upon this secret society of women that I now was a part of, which was reassuring and also really concerning. And I think, miscarriage is an invisible loss. There’s not really a lot of community support around it. There’s really no ceremony, rituals, or rites. And I think, with a death, you have a funeral, you celebrate the life, and there’s a lot of community support, and it’s something women don’t have with miscarriage.

These two nuggets demonstrate that parents, especially women, suffering the loss of a child greatly benefit from being able to discuss their mourning openly with others. However, as Alisa and Rufus explore on the video above, miscarriage (and I would add child death) is a taboo topic so most people rather not talk about it – even though “15 to 20% of all pregnancies result in miscarriage” as Rufus mentions. Alisa’s story supports the notion that the Internet is a crucial tool for mourning parents, as discussed by Whitehead (2015). In this article, the author argues that blogging about the loss of a child allows parents to reframe their experience, making it meaningful to the bigger context of their families and communities.

Of course the ideal would be for the taboo to be broken and parents discuss their experiences in “real life”, but as mentioned on the video the majority of women who suffered a miscarriage blamed themselves for what happened, and 22% said they wouldn’t even tell their spouses about it. So clearly we still have a long ways in making this topic normal. Until then, forums, blogs and social media offer privacy (and sometimes even anonymity), and the possibility of extending the much needed conversations to virtually every corner of the world.

 

Nugget-Personal Dynamic Media

“We envision a device as small and portable as possible which could both take in and give out information in quantities approaching that of human sensory systems (Figure 26.2). Visual output should be, at the least, of higher quality than what can be obtained from newsprint. Audio output should adhere to similar high-fidelity standards. There should be no discernible pause between cause and effect. One of the metaphors we used when designing such a system was that of a musical instrument, such as a flute, which is owned by its user and responds instantly and consistently to its owner’s wishes. Imagine the absurdity of a one-second delay between blowing a note and hearing it!”

I thought that this passage deserved recognition, it illuminates how the correct device stimulus can captivate our biological senses. Kay and Goldberg strove for a device that could sustain and fuel human interactions. The device must be able hold and engage, the sporadic and vibrant human mind. Everyday people consciously and unconsciously assess the environment around them, our eyes are the most dominantly used sensory receptor. The eye streams real-time images, transforms the data and the brain interprets the information.  Kay and Goldberg understood that strengthening the device image(higher quality) to human eye compatibility would help merge  the relationship. In 2001, I watched cartoons on a box shaped Zenith tv and I was completely content. A couple years later, broadcast companies started implementing  HD(High-Definition) into tv stations. The visual difference was like night and day, the point I trying to make is that a device creating high quality images is far more imploring than  bland  paper etched in black print. The ears are the second most used sensory organ and interprets auditory information, it makes sense to engage them as well.  Effectively manipulating and calibrating a device for human reception is key in gaining prescribed effect and success of the technology.

Nugget: Personal Dynamic Media

But if the projected audience is to be “everyone,” is it possible to make the Dynabook generally useful, or will it collapse under the weight of trying to be too many different tools for too many people? The total range of possible users is so great that any attempt to specifically anticipate their needs in the design of the Dynabook would end in a disastrous feature-laden hodgepodge which would not be really suitable for anyone. (pp. 12-13)

Ok, this is a little tangential but I had a hard time finding anything explicitly about parenting on Personal Dynamic Media. With a little help and imagination, however, I believe I can connect the nugget above to my Inquiry Project. As I’m sure my thousands of readers know, I have been contrasting different findings about parenting online spaces here on the blog. So far, it seems to me that the Internet (and blogs and social media) are “generally useful” for parents seeking advice, support and information, as I discussed here and here. However, some aspects of the “different tools” (specifically, Facebook and help forums) being used by parents online can lead to false information and even psychological distress.

Does that mean parents should steer clear of the Internet and only look for tips and advice from real people? No. The accumulated knowledge readily available on the web should not be overlooked or dismissed, and I am sure the majority of parents finds good help online – even if the help is a “like” on Facebook. Alas, not “all happy families are alike“, meaning that some kinds of advice found online will be helpful for some, but not all, parents. To paraphrase Goldberg and Kay, it’s impossible for parents to anticipate what they will need and/or find useful on the web, so when navigating online it’s crucial they use critical thinking and don’t believe everything that they read (or watch).

When it comes to the Internet, different strokes for different folks.

Personal Dynamic Media

“These are just a few ways in which we envision using a Dynabook. But if the projected audience is to be “everyone,” is it possible to make the Dynabook generally useful, or will it collapse under the weight of trying to be too many different tools for too many people? The total range of possible users is so great that any attempt to specifically anticipate their needs in the design of the Dynabook would end in a disastrous feature-laden hodgepodge which would not be really suitable for anyone.”

Dynabook is more like iPad today. It was a personal computer which was designed for everyone. Because the computer is designed for everyone, it will be so widely used. Before Dynabook, computer was used only by the military or the government, but then computer became more popular and became to an indispensable tool for our daily life. Students use it to do homework, governments use it to control the nuclear weapons, airports use it to schedule planes, artists use it to spread idea, movie makers use it to create special effects and so on. Our lives rely on computers. The people who invented computer might think computes would become a common tool and people’s lives would be better. But they might not think computers would also give us a negative impact. Everything has two sides. Because of the popularity of computers, we are too dependent on computers just like my inquiry topic is about, too much dependence will pull us away from the reality.
I think computer stop us from thinking, just like when we watch TV, we’re blindly receiving what television shows us , while ignoring to think why we are watching it. All we have to do is lie on the couch and watching TV. Our brains will stop working because television gives us all the information we want, which is why sometimes we like to watch TV to relax because watch TV doesn’t require us to think. Similarly, when we use the computer, more often we are receiving information, rather than ponder the message’s content except when we need a computer to write an essay. Computers have occupied our lives. I admit that computers have made our lives more convenient. I remember when I were in primary school, I look up a new word in the dictionary, but now enter it into the computer takes less than 3 seconds, and then it will give you a full explanation. The amount of storage capacity of computers are larger than a piece of paper, or even it could be unlimited. Computer make life easier but also “engulfed” our lives.
By reading this article, I think I can talk about my topic from two different sides just like counterargument. I should be able to justify the role of the computer, and then pay more attention to negative effects from the computer.

Deep Diving 1: something catchy from boring life

First of all, I changed my research top to “what are the negative effects of using the internet to distract us from reality?” (This article is short but it has some important ideas in it)

citation: GOZZI JR., R. (2013). REALITY IS BORING. MEDIA ARE MAGNETIC. ETC: A Review Of General Semantics, 70(3), 288-289. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=ad6dbf33-51b0-40b8-8d19-a931efa8b925%40sessionmgr112&vid=1&hid=123

Link:http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=ad6dbf33-51b0-40b8-8d19-a931efa8b925%40sessionmgr112&vid=1&hid=123

Internet effects perceptions in the reality. Gozzi thinks that reality is boring and the magnetic internet distract us from the reality. He gave three examples, “distract driving”, interruption of in-person conversation and the use of cell phone and computer during the class to show that how people get distracted from the reality. His solution is not changing the internet, but make ourselves to accept the boring reality if we can’ avoid it anyway.

Reality is boring. Media are magnetic. With this simple formula, we go .a long way toward understanding American consciousness in 2013. Case in point. Walking down a city street. Notice how many people’s eyes are looking at a cell phone and not at their surroundings. Notice how many people are listening to headphones and not their environment. Why not just take in all that is happening? Because reality is boring. People would rather be checking twitter or text messages from friends or the latest stock prices

It is the truth that a lot of people are looking at their cell phone or listening music when they are walking on the street. Not only when they are walking, but also sometimes when they’re eating at the table. People just can’t stop themselves from reaching their cell phones and sometime they just unlock their cell phone for no purpose. They reason why they are doing it because they want to get away from the boring reality. The online world seems more attractive than the real world because you can contact with your friend, read news and even make money from the stock market. The negative effect of it is that people are not that close to each other anymore and they don’t appreciate to what surround them. They forgot that they are the people who actually living in the real life but not online. The real world is what the world make us alive, but not the online life.

“Another case in point—driving can be very boring. On the interstate, not much happens most of the time. Around town, pretty predictable traffic flows. So, a text message comes in, you answer it. Of course you will talk on the phone. And check your GPS. As more and more electronic gadgets get built into car dashboards, media distractions will multiply. “Distracted driving,” already leading to numerous accidents, will balloon. States have already passed laws banning texting while driving and requiring hands-free cell phones. But these restrictions are rarely followed. Because media are magnetic, pulling our attention away from a boring reality.

In this passage, he gave an example shows what the negative effect is of using the internet, he called it “distracted driving”. Every one knows that driving is boring and no one thinks what could happen if they text, call or check GPS while they are driving. Radio also can be the thing that would distract people. Imagine you are listening to some news, you will get distracted because it might be the news that shock you, then it can be the time when you get crushed. Driving require you to pay fully attention, it’s relate to you life. This is the boring thing that we shouldn’t escape to the online life.

 

Nugget Post: Ted Nelson at Mid-term

“The alternative is straightforward. Instead of devising elaborate systems permitting the computer or its instructional contents to control the situation, why not permit the student to control the system, show him how to do so intelligently, and make it easy for him to find his own way? Discard the sequences, items and conversation, and allow the student to move freely through materials which he may control. Never mind optimizing reinforcement or validating teaching sequences. Motivate the user and let him loose in a wonderful place”

I haven’t taken any online class before. This class is the first online class I’ve taken, so I don’t have that much experience about online learning. It’s totally new to me. I first thought online classes use Skype or Facetime to teach and communicate. I was wrong.  I think it’s hard for me to take UNIV online because sometimes i just got lost and don’t really know what the assignment required because reading a new language is much harder than just listening. I would understand more clearly if it’s a face to face class. It’s a challenge to me, but l’m start to get use to i.

Despite the difficulty of the language. There is one thing i like about online learning is that we get to find out the best and suitable way for our own leaning manner. That’s why I picked that passage because it resonated with me. Instead of go to class, listen to lecture, write down notes and follow the instruction, we have more freedom and more choice when we learn online just like what we did on the wikipedia assignment. Teacher only told you what to do, but didn’t tell you how to do, so it was really depend on us and our interests. On the other hand, we are not only have freedom to choice how to do it, but also to choice when to do it. I believe everyone has that moment when we just don’t feel like to do anything. Online class allows you to do it. You don’t have to do it at certain time, you just need to do it before the deadline. When I feel like to do it, I will do it more efficient.  If internet is an ocean, then online class allows us to swim in the ocean freely. This is how i understand “Motivate the user and let him loose in a wonderful place”

Nugget: Ted Nelson at Mid-term

Education ought to be clear, inviting and enjoyable, without booby-traps, humiliations, condescension or boredom. It ought to teach and reward initiative, curiosity, the habit of self-motivation, intellectual involvement. Students should develop, through practice, abilities to think, argue and disagree intelligently.

I have taken some online classes in different subjects before, and now obviously I am taking this one. My experience with online learning has been mixed: I love the flexibility it provides but I feel most classes are not comparable to face-to-face ones when it comes to expectations and assignments. I don’t know why, but in most classes I’ve taken the students are left kind of “floating around” not really knowing what we are supposed to do. Maybe that’s because it’s harder to understand written instructions versus verbal ones – and also the fact that real-time interactions are not (generally) part of online classes. In this sense, I feel that online classes have “booby-traps” because there’s a lot of room for misunderstandings among the students and instructors.

The good part about online classes is that it teaches you more than the subject itself but also discipline, or “self-motivation” as Nelson calls it. If you don’t sit down and do your homework and readings, nobody is going to know – at least not until you’re late with assignments and failing the class. It’s easy to get distracted when doing homework because you can just open another tab and take a BuzzFeed quiz instead, and your professor is none the wiser. In this case I believe online classes are great for preparing students for their future jobs, where their bosses won’t be monitoring them constantly (hopefully).

I also believe that online classes are great for making students reflect on their language and how they express themselves. It’s a lot easier to sound rude in writing, so when we have discussions on Blackboard or through our blogs, we all need to make sure our point is clear and we are sounding respectful. In a world where text and email are the main forms of communication in offices, communicating effectively in writing is essential. Only by practicing we can learn to “argue and disagree intelligently.”

Man-Computer Symbiosis NUGGET

   The nugget from the reading that I’m focusing on is the  communication barrier between machines and humans. Licklider says that it is easier to solve a problem (reactive) once it makes itself available than to think everything through (proactive), which would in turn make that “problem”  never exist. This type of thinking stems from procrastination and laziness. I will be the first person to admit that I agree with the statement, however, looking deeper into it I begin to understand the underlying issue.

If I created the computer and I know everything it is capable of doing, and it does end up malfunctioning I will be able to immediately diagnose the problem and begin to fix it. This is not true for everyone especially if I am simply a consumer. In this case, for a vast number of people, I know nothing about the computer so I read the manual and follow the troubleshooting guide in order to fix what I think is the problem. In reality if someone had thought every problem through there would be no need for the troubleshooting guide.

Man-Computer Symbiosis NUGGET
“Right”

This thinking also brings up the thoughts of Wikipedia. It is a sight filled with information.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Five_pillars.

Most schools don’t allow the use of information gathered from Wikipedia onto any graded assignments, but most people get their general information from Wikipedia and Google. Although there are tons of different researches and perspectives on wikipedia, and the internet in general, a lot of it cannot be trusted. Professional researchers who perform the daily grind of taking out time, performing studies, spending hard-gotten funds on different projects refuse to rely on the validity of the information that is available on Wikipedia because anyone can create anything at any time on the site.  This doesn’t mean that nothing is true, rather the credibility of the person posting the information is unknown.

This would not be a problem if, number one, credible information is free. Also, if more people knew and understood their strengths they would be more inclined to delve deeper into their respective fields and work out the kinks in their practices and finally create a cohesive one-stop-shop of information that anyone could use.

There is also the system of checks-and-balances that has to be taken into account. It would likely be better that a team of researchers collectively agree on a piece of information instead of an individual only because there is a less chance of fabrication and bias.

“Augmenting Human Intellect” Nugget

“If it were so very easy to look things up, how would our vocabulary develop, how would our habits of exploring the intellectual domains of others shift, how might the sophistication of practical organization mature (if each person can so quickly and easily look up applicable rules), how would our education system change to take advantage of this new external symbol-manipulation capability of students and teachers (and administrators)?”

 

I’m currently taking a class in which the professor does not allow computers. This is especially strange for a lecture class, but hand writing notes is proven to be more effective. Her main reasoning for this was the potential for a laptop to be incredibly distracting from class.

“Augmenting Human Intellect” Nugget

Online courses have made education cheaper and easier to access from anywhere in the world. This is the great miracle of technology in education. People who would have otherwise no access to education are able to log into class anywhere at any time. As someone who is very new to online courses, it is evident to me that learning over the internet is a skill that will be helpful to me in the future. Courses have adapted themselves for the contemporary world due to their medium.