Science lesson plan Plant cell

This activity is great to get students out of their seats and talking about that parts of a plant cell through quiz, quiz, trade. This activity also shows an interactive video for the students to watch and see the inside of a plant cell at work. Showing the video will help the student better understand what the inner workings of a plant look like and the functions of a plant cell. after the students get to fell out a crossword puzzle to apply the knowledge they learned in the lesson.

Link to crossword-

PlantandAnimalCellsVocabularyCrosswordPuzzleFreebie copy

Purpose: The students will be learning difference and similarities between the animal and plant cell structures as well as introducing the topic of photosynthesis.

SOL: living systems

5.5 The student will investigate and understand that organisms are made of one or more cells and have distinguishing characteristics that play a vital role in the organism’s ability to survive and thrive in its environment. Key concepts include

a)  basic cell structures and functions;

b)  classification of organisms using physical characteristics, body structures, and behavior of the organism; and

c)  traits of organisms that allow them to survive in their environment.

NSTA standard- PS3. D

-The energy released [from] food was once energy from the sun that was captured by plants in the chemical process that forms plant matter (from air and water).


  • TSWBAT tell the differences between animal and plant cells. They will also be able to differentiate and identify parts of a plant and animal cell as well as its functions with 94 percent accuracy missing 2 of the crossword questions.


  • Say “What makes up all living things?
  • Look for answer Cells?”
  •  Ask “Do you know how big or small cells are? What can we use to see a cell?”
  • Look for answers “tiny, very small and microscope.”
  •  Say “Today, we will be learning about plant cells, which are what make up the inside of a plant. Also, we will talk about what parts of the plant and animal cells are alike.”
  • Tell them that we will be watching short film that will show us what the inside of a plant cell looks like and what the parts of the cells do.
  • Tell them “We will also be talking about photosynthesis which happens in plant cells and not animal cells. It takes place within the chloroplast which allows the plant to make its own food from sunlight.”
  • This is a new topic for them so we will explain it and have students write down the new definition.
  • Turn on film you tube:  (Virtual Plant Cell: Cell Explore. VPC 360° by Plant Energy Biology.  (V,A)

stop at 3:15

***Use the video to get students engaged this will get them to wonder more about the plant cell now that we have gotten a closer look at how the parts of the cell work together.


·      Ask the students to recite some of the things that they remember being in a plant call or recall facts from the film.

·      look for these answers.


Chloroplast – An organelle in a plant cell that makes food from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide.

Cell wall – Holds the cells structure together.

Cell membrane- This is in both the plant and animal cell and it controls what goes in and out of the cell.

Mitochondria- This is the cell energy processor- it helps supply energy to the cell.

Nucleolus- This is in both plant and animal cells. It is the part of the cell that directs all cell Activates.

Vacuoles- Both plant and animal cells, it is the part of the plant that stores food and water

Cytoplasm- Jelly- like substance that fills the cell.

Photosynthesis- The process that takes place inside a plant to allow plants to make its own food.

Plant cell- This type of cell is surrounded by a thick, rigid, cell wall and is rectangular in shape.

Animal cell- This cell does not have chloroplast and is circular in shape.

Microscope- The instrument used to see a cell.

Cell- Basic unit of life.


·      Ask what each part of the cell does?

Ask the students what they remember about the definitions of these words to extend/ elaborate their prior knowledge on the topic and see what they know.

  • Tell students we will be playing Quiz, Quiz, Trade. (K)
  •  I am using Quiz, Quiz, Trade to get students thinking and exploring new ideas and talk through ideas with each other.
  • Give each student a card.
  • Tell them that they will be reading the part in blue to their partner, and the partner has to guess the word in in red. Tell the students to not read the red part to the partner.
  • Tell students to trade cards after they have finished and put new card in the air to find a new partner.
  • Student will play this game for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • After the game is over we will do a crossword puzzle for students to fill out and see what they recall from the lesson and game.
  • You will have the answer key to check student work.
  •  After all students are done collect papers.
  •   Grade papers based on the answers that they fill into the boxes.
  • For students that are struggling help by reviewing the parts of a plant cell or speeling words if they are unsure of how to spell it. Students that are doing well can draw pictures of the animal cell and the plant cell as well as wright functions on picture.


  • When all the students are done with the cross word that you will be walking around checking as they go you will close the lesson.
  • Say “Today we got to see the inside of a plant cell and learn the functions of each part of the cell and how photosynthesis is how plants use chloroplast to make their own food. Which is a major difference between people and plants as we cannot make our own food”.
  • Materials- crossword puzzle and answer key from
  • Cards for quiz, quiz, trade
  • *Safety is not an issue for this lesson.
Evaluation Part A:

How will you assess the students’ knowledge of the new skills taught?

·      After the movie and activity, I will have gotten more on what the students know based on the answers that they are giving throughout the activity while walking around listening to their answers. I will keep a tally on students that need some more reinforcement. As well as asking the students questions about the parts of the cells after the game. I will know that the students understand based on the answers they give for the crossword puzzle which will be graded. Refer to the filled-out answer sheet for grading on crossword puzzle if all are filled out it is 100% for everyone missed take off 3 points.

Evaluation Part B:  (after the lesson has been taught)

·       Did the students meet your objectives?

·       How do you know?

·       Did your lesson accommodate/address the needs of all your learners?

·       What were the strengths of the lesson?

·       What were the weaknesses?

·       How would you change the lesson if you could teach it again?



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