Research Nugget 4

Link 1

Russello, Salenna. “The Impact of Media Exposure on Self-Esteem and Body Satisfaction in Men and Women,” Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research: Vol. 1, Article 4. 22 Apr. 2013. Web. 16 July 2014.

Main claim: Women are affected more by the media, regarding beauty and body-image, than men because of the amount of time spent with interacting with the media.

Nugget 1: “Since self-esteem and body satisfaction are related, it is no surprise that the media has just as strong an influence on body satisfaction as it does on self-esteem. Watson and Vaughn(2006) stated that sociocultural pressures to adhere to the ideal body image, as is reinforced by the media, is the cause for the large amount of body dissatisfaction found in many individuals, especially women. Exposure to media can not only cause body dissatisfaction, but body dissatisfaction can also cause one to be more apt to expose oneself to certain types of media that feed that dissatisfaction (Aubrey,2006). Body dissatisfaction and self-esteem are also both affected by how an individual compares themselves to those media images.”

It is known that if you are not satisfied with your body then you will develop low self-esteem until you become comfortable with your skin. ANTM can serve as a show that people turn to when they become uncomfortable with their body becuase of the ideal body being captured on that specific show.

Nugget 2: “Sociocultural ideals, like the thin-ideal, are most influential when they are internalized. Internalization of sociocultural ideals of attractiveness is accepting or agreeing with social standards of beauty. Sometimes these ideals are internalized without one realizing that they are. Since media has a large part in spreading society’s ideals it is no surprise that researchers have found that increased media consumption leads to increased internalization of the thin-ideal (e.g.,Miller & Halberstadt, 2005; Tiggemann,2003). Once that ideal in internalized it affects how one views their body and comparisons are made between their body and what society’s standards are.”

The media shows that it is ONLY acceptable to be thin, anything else is not “media worthy”. This is how they make viewers feel and this is what causes them to develop discomfort with their body. The media needs to realize the fact that everybody comes in different shapes and sizes. ANTM has began to do better with accepting this idea becuase they are beginning to put models on the show that are not all skinny or “model perfect”.

Link 2

Serdar, Kasey L. “Female Body Image and the Mass Media: Perspectives on How Women Internalize the Ideal Beauty Standard.” Westminster College. Wesminster College, 2005. Web. 16 July 2014.

Main claim: Kasey Serdar points out the different reasons that contribute to the way women view themselves after getting so involved with the media.

Nugget 1: “Sociocultural standards of feminine beauty are presented in almost all forms of popular media, barraging women with images that portray what is considered to be the “ideal body.” Such standards of beauty are almost completely unattainable for most women; a majority of the models displayed on television and in advertisements are well below what is considered healthy body weight. Mass media’s use of such unrealistic models sends an implicit message that in order for a woman to be considered beautiful,they have to be unhealthy

This nugget focuses on the idea that in order to be a model, you have to be extremely thin, almost to the point where you are anorexic. If this is the image that models want to send to their audience then they are doing a great job. But to be more realistic, ANTM has began to put contestants of all sizes on the show,in order to let viewers know that you can be any size to be considered beautiful and “model type”.

Nugget 2: “the basis of self-schema theory is that women use three points of reference to construct their perceptions about their own physical appearance: the socially represented ideal body, the objective body, and the internalized ideal body. The portrayals of women by the media and other important individuals in a person’s life influence the socially represented ideal body. This reference point comes from what an individual believes is expected by society with respect to physical appearance and beauty. In contrast, the objective body involves a person’s own evaluation of their body. A person’s satisfaction and dissatisfaction with aspects of their physical appearance are contained within this dimension; individuals almost always have some opinion about their physical demeanor. The internalized ideal body involves the level at which an individual endorses the ideal image and aspires to achieve it. Some women can be exposed to images of thin women and not internalize such standards of appearance because they know they are unrealistic. In contrast, some women’s internalized ideal is very similar to the socially represented ideal, which makes them particularly vulnerable to the powerful effects of the media (Sands & Wardle, 2003).

Some women, not all women, are affected by what they see as “attractive” to the media. But because of how much the media only focuses on the “thin ideal” , it makes it extremely hard for women to feel comfortable in their skin if they are thick or almost on the fat side. The media just dismisses the idea that anything other than thin is attractive.

Link 3:

Lou, Melissa. “Striving to Be Thin.” Forest Park Review. Forest Park Review, 15 June 2005. Web. 16 July 2014.

Main claim: Females between the ages 7 and 12 are influenced by the media the most. They are trying to find their identity and work on how to be accepted by society based off of what they see is accepted in the media.

Nugget 1: “The latency age, between 7 and 12, is the period of time when you take in the ideals of society,” Lavoll said. “Earlier than that you are taking in the ideals of the parents; a 10-year-old has taken in both the values of the parents and society. They have already internalized that it is good to be thin.” This age, she said, is dangerous because if the children don’t have other influences, or if the message that they have to mold themselves into a certain body type is not broken through organizations besides the home, then all the kids are left with is the media-driven message that says ‘thin is best.'”

The media can have an effect on people beginning at the age of 7. It is horrifying knowing that just at 7 years old, they can begin to feel uncomfortable in their skin based off of what the media focuses on. The younger they are, the more “vulnerable” they are when it comes to what is accepted and what isnt. They begin to try to fit in and find their identity.

Nugget 2: “Success is an American ideal. In our culture hard work is valued, [so it becomes a] competition for who can be the prettiest,” Lavoll said. “The fallout is that if you can’t get your ideal appearance, you think, what can I do to get me there? This is the root of eating disorders. They [young women] perceive their value lies in their looks, in looking a sanctioned way.”Parents also play a role in the dangerous spiral of image consciousness, Lavoll said, adding that parents want so badly to have their children be successful, they often consciously or unconsciously put pressure on their children.”I had one person I work with now whose mother, when she was 5-years-old put her on a diet. [Image consciousness] is so infused in our environment, where thin is good and heavy is bad.”

 When people have an idea of how they wanna look, they begin to make goals. But when the media only shows people that are skinny, it makes women think that they have to be “stick-thin”. It is not impossible to get skinny, but people go about it the wrong way. They begin to starve themselves and diet rather than exercise. It is a false rumor that models only eat cotton balls and water in order to stay thin. That is not a way to get skinny ! Models do not even do that.

SYNTHESIS:  All three sources are similar in the idea that they talk about the affect that the media has on people and their self-image. They build on one another because although they are bout the same topic, each article goes in depth even more. They all agree with the idea that the more the media focuses only on being thin, the more the people in our society will be less comfortable with their image. It is not impossible to become “model material” becuase Tyra Banks has included women that were skinny, plus-size, had mental disorders, and different skin on her show to be contestants for ANTM. It is possible to look good in your skin without causing harm or decreasing your self-esteem. Although in the second article it talks about the specific age group that is most affected, everybody at some point in life experiences some type of discomfort with their body image.  Body image should be solely based on what the person thinks of themself instead of how the media corrupts their mind in order to feel acceptable.

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