Week 15 – Brooke Washington

Chapter 10:


Chapter 10 provides an overview of the circumstances African American families live with in the United States. As a result of the outcomes of slavery, government effort and initiatives, policy reform, socialization, education systems and many more African Americans are marginalized at higher rates than their counterparts of other races in America. These terms and situations can be understood as attributes of systemic racism. The prison system, education, and discrimination within the hiring process are more than enough to set blacks back economically, but unfortunately the chapter reminds us of many more variables within the state of our country. What can be done now is to better educate other races on the state of the situation. Even though many privileged people understand the issue their everyday lives are not affected in the same way so it’s much harder to initiate change by the people who are in positions of power. This is what it takes to help marginalized people escape their tribulations on a systemic level. An example of this working in the media recently is when white actresses refuse to be a part of films unless their black costars receive the pay that they deserve.


Exam Prep: 

1.The New Jim Crow refers to the “get-tough” sentencing policies, war on drugs, and concepts involving mass         incarceration in America. True/False?


2. What percentage of black immigrants arrived in the U.S. in 2000 or later?

a. 31%

b. 24%


d. 67%


3.  When deciding on bond amounts ICE does not have full discretion to set the amount based on facts such as a                    person’s fight risk, community ties, and criminal history. True/False


4. Which character is used as an approachable model for understanding the social construction of gender, based on              the input of thousands of voices over several decades?

a. The Easter Bunny

b.The Orientation Orangutan

c.The Spectrum Snake

d.The Genderbread Person


5. Black women disproportionately experience violence at home, at school, on the job, and in their neighborhoods.             True/False?



Course Evaluation:

  1. I like the awareness that this course brings to people who may not understand all the areas that systemic racism lives. Media has turned off many people from addressing social issues where it does not affect them, so this course is a good way to educationally inform without the bias of popular media.
  2. I honestly believe that the course is formatted well as an online course.
  3. Each week I enjoyed reading the articles for the blog posts, but it could feel redundant at times when writing about these topics and some of the themes overlap.
  4.  I wish I could have learned more about black individuals in politics and areas of government.
  5. I really enjoyed the supplemental materials on RamPages. Text books can be out of touch sometimes, so having the materials to base writings off helps a lot.
  6. Learning about black immigrants felt the most important to me personally, because the topic is so nuanced it can be easy to generalize even as an African American who is not from an immigrated family. I will especially remember the viewpoints and stories of the black people who shared their stories about being a part of the LGBTQ community, and the experiences of black women and mothers.
  7. Thank you so much for allowing students of all backgrounds the opportunity to become educated about marginalization. I think that an online course similar to this one should be offered for various families of ethnic backgrounds since VCU is so diverse.