## Reasoning

If there is a ship sinking and the seas are rough. All but one life boat has been destroyed. the life boat holds a maximum of five people. There are ten people that want to board the life boat. The five individuals who do not board the boat will certainly die. Who do you take here are the five choices. A woman who thinks she is six weeks pregnant, A lifeguard, two young adults who recently married, a senior citizen who has fifteen grandchildren, an elementary school teacher, a set of Thirteen year old twins, veteran nurse, and the captain of the ship. My picks would be the captain of the ship because he probably knows the water and directions so he could tell them were to go and make it home. The veteran nurse just in case someone gets sick or something of that sort. Also the veteran nurse might know about some way to get the navy or air force to see find them. The two young adults who recently got married because they would be good strength to power the life boat. The married couple also have a lot to live for in their future, like starting their family and stuff. The last person I would bring would be the lifeguard because he/she would be good man power for the boat and they probably have their whistle on them so they could blow it if a boat is near them. I think that group of people would live. The boat has all the man power it need to get it moving and a person that knows the ocean so we would be able to get to shore. The senior citizen has already had a nice long life so that is my reasoning on leaving him or her behind. The elementary school teacher really has nothing to bring to the table so that is why I left him/her. The woman who think she is six weeks pregnant doesn’t know for sure if she is six weeks and could be lying about it to get a spot on the boat so that’s why I choose so leave her. And for the thirteen year old twins, I know they have a long life ahead of them like the recently married couple but they aren’t as strong as the others and would not be use as much. That is my reasoning so, who would you bring and who would you leave behind and why?

## Feeding the growing population

By 2050 we are going to need to feed two billion more people. we are going to have to change how we grow crops. Traditionally we simply cut down forest or plow through grasslands to make our farms. To date we have farm land that is equal to the land mass of South America. Furthermore, to raise livestock we have taken even more land about the size of Africa. This has caused the loss of entire ecosystems like the great plains in the us and rain forests across the globe but mostly in south america. Even though we have taken all of this land there are still people that are hungry about 850 million pretty hard to believe right. We are going to have to focus increasing yields on less productive farms, the farms that are in this category are in Africa, Latin America and eastern Europe where they do not have the advanced farming technology. The places where the yield gaps is very low, are where high-tech farming systems have been implicated. We have ways to achieve the high yields we want while also reducing the environmental impacts of nutrient pollution and the destruction of ecosystems. New innovations in water conservation and organic fertilizers are helping as well. The farming industry is finding amazing new ways to target the application of fertilizer and pesticides by using super advanced tractors and other farming equipment, with advanced sensors to test the ground and GPS so the farmers do not even have to drive them. Furthermore now farmers are customizing their blends of fertilizer so that they are tailored for there type of soils, in other words given the soil what it does not have. This helps minimize the runoff of fertilizer in to water ways, which cause toxic algae blooms that kill ecosystems. Also, dealing with water old surface irrigation, like what we see in Virginia’s tobacco country, is being replaced by subsurface drip irrigation systems which save a ton of water. It would be much easier to feed all the people of 2050 if more of what we grew ended up feeding people and not livestock. Today about 50 percent ends up going to people and the other 50 goes to animals, make bio fuels, and other industrial products. It is really inefficient to feed our livestock  for every 100 calories of feed we only get 12 from chicken, 10 from pork, and 3 from beef. We also need to cut down on our waste because someone else could eat the food that we throw away and let go bad every day. So we should be able to feed 9 billion or even 10 billion in the future if we just keep innovating.

## Tattoo

Tattoos are embedded in to our culture, people have been getting them for hundreds of years. One factor that i think motivates people to get tattoos is to commemorate a loved one that they have lost. Emotion plays a big part when a loved one is lost and it motivates people to commemorate there loved one.  The tattoo serves as a memorial for the person who passed away. When someone significant to an individual passes away, that individual probably feels that they have lost the loved one forever. A tattoo however allows a person to commemorate a loved one and get a memorial on their skin and carry it around where every they go. While the loved one is gone, it brings him or her closer to the individual and it lets them know that the person really isn’t truly gone, that they are with them wherever they go.

Another factor that motivates people to get tattoos is individualization. A lot of people think that the human body is a template to embellish and make your own. When people get tattoos it is for their own reasons, so everyone is different. Some people think of tattoos as art. Also, people can design their own tattoo that no one else in the world has, just them. People can get tattoos in different places too. All of this making themselves stand out from the crowd. Making them different then everyone around them and showing their creativity. Also, many people get matching tattoos with a sibling, best friend, partner, or parent. Which links them together in a way that other things can’t.

The last main factor that i think motivates people to get tattoos is symbolism. Sometimes symbolism is used to affiliate someone with a group of people. For example, a lot of men and women in the armed forces get tattoos that symbolize what branch they were or are in. Furthermore, many get them to symbolize honor or remembrance of a fallen friends. Other tattoos that people get can symbols of what they fought to protect, like the American flag or an outline of the USA. Obviously, it’s not just military personnel. This can apply to everyone. People could be motivated get them to symbolize any hardship that they have faced, such as a battle with cancer. The significance of the tattoos is only known by the person who wears it. A popular one that many of my friends have is God is greater then my highs and lows.

## West Virginia

The state of West Virginia what comes to mind. Probably the song by John Denver, West Virginia University or just hillbilly. But West Virginia is way different then most people think my Dads half of the family is from there so went there a lot as a kid. Kanawha city is where my grandparents lived it used to be a roaring industrial city with a ton of job opportunities and a lot more people. Kanawha city is located right on the Kanawha river, which is a tributary of the Ohio river. It is also right next to the capital city Charleston. Just last year the state lost 12,780 people. Furthermore, West Virginia already has one of the oldest populations and is growing older as young people are moving away especially those who are educated. The population of West Virginia is on the down fall because there are no jobs. Many coal mines have closed which many people used to worked for, the state’s unemployment rate is six percent. The state is also having an opioid epidemic. The opioid crisis is not good for many of the children in West Virginia. One of my family friends works in the education system and told us that the some of the kids have absolutely terrible home lives because their parents are addicted. The people of West Virginia are stuck in a rut that does not look like it is going to come out any time soon. The only real industry they have now other then coal is natural gas  and chemical plants which are spotted all along the river. Although they have some very beautiful state parks and some rich history which people travel there to see and learn about but that is not enough to save the state. To save the state they must diversify and expand their manufacturing base. Current plants could expand and attract suppliers and distributors to move in on or near plant sites like Toyota is doing. Also some new companies like Proctor & Gamble have already attracted additional related manufacturing, which is really good news. Chemical-makers, like DowDuPont, are also primed for investment, all made possible by the wealth of natural gas located in the state. Also, Dominion energy is in the process of making a pipeline from West Virginia and Pennsylvania down deep in to Virginia. Which will be being money to the natural gas producers in the state. I really hope that West Virginia can get out of their rut because it really is a nice state and I think has a lot opportunities for industry to come in.