The family who lived the american dream

Once upon a time there was a family living in South Africa, and one day the mother heard an add on the radio that there was a lottery going on to win visas to the United States. She entered just for the heck of it, and figure out later that week that they had won. So, the family packed up and moved to America where they lived for many years, but as they lived here for longer and longer their family back in South Africa began to disown them because they had left. So they moved back to make the rest of their family happy. Once they were back in South Africa and settled in once again her family ran into some financial problems and had to sell everything and I mean everything, house, car, clothes, they had to move in to an extended families guest house. Not really a house but that is what is was called. Luckily during this time the father kept his citizenship by coming back to the states regularly. Everyone else lost their visas/citizenship’s. The father moved back to america alone at this point, He left his family behind and risked it all for the unknown. He came to America with 300 dollars and had to sleep on an old friend’s couch. He began to work at an auction company and with every pay check he would send some back to the rest of his family. He saved every penny, he would go to Sub Way every morning and order a five dollar sandwich, and cut it in three pieces one for each meal of the day. Once he got enough saved he began to look for his own house to rent. At the same time, he was buying tables, so he could set up his very own action. He kept saving and sending money back home. Eventually he saved enough money to rent an building old warehouse in Richmond that didn’t even have running water or and h vac system, and started doing his own auctions. Still with each pay check would buy more and more tables to make each auction bigger then the last. While He was doing that in America, the two kids were pulled out of school because it cost money in South Africa. Also, they applied for new visas so that the could come back to America. Finally about a year later they got approved and had enough money for plane tickets. The kids finally got to see their father again after a year of only phone calls. Now they run their own business and can say that they are living the American dream.

Nutrient pollution

Fertilizer is used commonly to aid in the growth of many different fruit and vegetable species but, sadly they also end up in aquatic ecosystems. The fertilizers make their way into water ways when it rains and the run off caries the fertilizers with it. Once the nutrient rich fertilizers build up in bodies of water, algae and other plants like duckweed, start to grow at a rapid rate. They end up growing so much that he blocks the sun for bottom dwelling plants, once that happens all the other plants die creating carbon dioxide. When all the other plants die the area becomes a dead zone all the fish start to die because there is no more oxygen for them to breath. Also, when the algae use up all the nitrogen it makes the area even more toxic for its inheritance. These dead zones appear seasonally near most major river mouths, like in to the Chesapeake Bay. There is an estimated 7,700 square miles of dead zones in summer months. Some of these nutrients come from cow manure but the bulk is still nitrogen fertilizer, last year American farmers planted more than ninety million acres of corn for the first time since the forties and you guessed it that corn needs fertilizer to help it grew causing a ton of nutrient pollution. Measures that can help stop nutrient pollution are, planting grasses or clover on edges of fields to help keep the nutrients out of the water by absorbing and recycling the excess nitrogen. You can also plant tree and shrubs as well to create this natural buffer. Another measure it to simply apply the proper amount of fertilizer and apply it at the right time of the year. This pollution can get in to out ground water which many Americans use as their drinking water and it can be harmful especially for babies because the are very vulnerable to nitrates that can make them sick. The process of nutrient pollution has affected my life because one my neighborhood pond, people that live around the pond use to much fertilizer on their lawns and when it rains it goes right in to our pond. The pond has been covered in duckweed for years now and it has caused fish kills. Now that whole pond is just a dead ecosystem. So just remember do not over do the fertilizer on your lawn because somewhere your fertilizer is going to build up and cause a dead zone.

Give Nuclear a Chance

Many people think that nuclear energy is a terrible thing but in reality it is the best source of power. It does not burn anything fossil fuels to generate electricity, therefore does not emit any greenhouse gases. Meaning it is better for the environment than oil, coal and gas. Also, nuclear power plants require little land compared to how many square miles it would take solar to have the same Mega Watt output or for the amount of wind turbines. To put that in to prospective the amount of electricity generated by a 1,000 MW reactor in one year makes about 7.9 billion KWh (Kilowatt hours) enough to power 740 thousand houses. The equivalent to that in oil would be 13.7 million barrels, coal would be 3.4 millon short tons each short ton is 2000 pounds, and for natural gas 65.8 billion cubic feet. The green energy equivalents for polar it would have to be 60 square miles which is equivalent to 38,400 acres or 1.673X10^9 square, and for wind turbines it would be equal to 5400 of them. Furthermore, many say that the transport of nuclear wait is an accident waiting to happen for the environment, but the wait only travels a few feet because it is stored on sight due to regulations. Also, many people think that the wait product is stored in 55 gallon drums but that is not the case it is actually put in to concrete so it is very stable. Also, nuclear fuel is extremely dense, therefore the amount of nuclear fuel used over the last 60 years could fit on a football field with a depth of under 30 feet. Another myth about nuclear power stations it that the water that touches the nuclear rods made of uranium-235, never leaves the system, it is basically in a loop. The water that is locked in the system travels from the rods to the heat exchange where the heat moves from the water in the system to the water that powers the turbine that is connected to the generator that makes power. Nuclear power is also the most reliable sources of energy. These power plants run at full capacity 93% of the time, which is better then coal (56%), gas (55%)  and much better then wind (37%) and solar (27%). Nuclear power plants run 24 hours a day every day of the week because the have very low maintenance and can operate for a long time before having to refuel. They usually have to refuel about ever year and a half to two years. These nuclear power plants already provide 56% of America’s carbon free electricity. I believe that as America and other countries begin to faze out coal and natural gas, we should move to nuclear for carbon free energy.

Redefining the Kilogram

Currently the definition of a kilogram is the mass of a piece of platinum-iridium alloy that has been housed in the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Sevres France since 1889. It has many copies world wide so that the whole world is on one system of measurement. Recently scientists from around the world voted to change the definition of a kilogram. They are trying to change it to a universal constant in nature. The change will go in to effect on May 20, 2019. They have to change it because the original kilogram (Big K) has lost about 50 micro-grams, and when it changes everything else has to adjust. The natural way they want to define the kilogram is Planck constant, a fundamental concept in physics and the good part is that it can not ever change. It can not change on earth or anywhere in the universe. Scientist have been working on redefining the kilogram for decades because the want a very low margin of error. The work requires very careful measurements using a complex machine called the Kibble balance, as well as a very round sphere of silicon. The sphere of silicon has exactly Avogadro’s number of atoms in it, also it defined what a mole is, if you do not know what a mole is it is a term used in chemistry a lot. The Kibble balance is house at the National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST) deep underground. It is build into a concrete floor that can float about the foundation to isolate the sensitive equipment. It works like a balance, but it equates the mechanical energy excreted by the mass of an object with an equivalent amount of electrical energy. The equation used it complicated but in the equation lies Planck’s constant. So the scientist are able to solve for Planck’s constant because mass and energy are related. Therefore, this will be replacing the need for the kilogram in France because the new way is a much more precise measurement. Also, this was will ensure a kilogram stays a kilogram forever. Manufacturing industries will not need to send their weights and scales to NIST for calibration because they could have their own Kibble on the factory floor. They can be produced in quantity so that everyone can use them. Making it more available, unlike the one now that is locked up in France. Do not worry about this change making you weigh more or changing really anything in our daily lives because it will just be changed by micro-grams about the weight of an eyelash. I heard about this in my physics class that is why I chose it two write about.

Reflection/response The City and the City

The City & the City is a book written by China Mieville, was the assigned book we had to read for univ 112 over winter break. Believe me i was not excited to read it, but as i began to get in to the book i started to like it more and more. This book has one of the most creative settings and stories i think. It is based in two made up city called Ul Qoma and Beszel, the cities were literally right next to each other but separated by a thing called breach. If you lived in Ul Qoma you were not aloud to look, smell, or hear anything in Beszel, and vice versa. So if you saw a man get shot in the other city you were not aloud to report it or you would be breaching. If you get caught breaching then you have to go to a sorta of breach jail and then after that no one really knows what happens to you. The story is about a student named Mahalia Geary, who gets murdered and an investigator named Tyador Borlu has to figure out who murdered her. Borlu is from Beszel, and he is put on the case of Mahalia Geary, who is from Ul Qoma because her body was found in Beszel. So Borlu goes on off on leads and dead ends, meeting tons of different people and solves it one clue at a time. Once you are about three fourths of the way through the book it really start to speed up and a bunch of stuff started to come together and Borlu finally solves it at the end. I can’t tell you who murdered her though because you have to read it to find out.

I think China Melville did a good job with this book. It was a little confusing for me at times because it felt like i was either in the future or the past because of the unfamiliar way the cities were laid out what was happening. But, as i went on it sorta made more since, i liked how he compared it to Berlin and Jerusalem, which made connection to the real world. Some of the dialog was confusing for me because i could not figure out who was talking when. I also had trouble with some names but i got past that pretty fast. Overall i thought the book was a good read. I was a good mystery with very though out characters who fit the parts. Also a very creative setting i thought. So if you are thinking about reading this book go for it and do not give up in the first few chapters give a little time to catch you attention.

The Horrific Outcome of Zero- Tolerance (speech)

Kurtis Cox

Focus Inquiry, Section 031

Prof. Galligan

12/06/2018

The Horrific Outcome of Zero-Tolerance

As Americans we are encouraged to challenge policies and authority. As news sources have reported in recent months families have been separated at our border with Mexico. As many of you know, this problem has drastically escalated this year due to the Trump administration’s new zero-tolerance policy. You are probably thinking, good we should keep the policy because it will deter others from coming. But, that is just not the case because these families are coming here for safety. They are truly fleeing extreme violence in their home countries and, they will do whatever it takes to come to America to make sure their family is safe and out of the path of violence.

The zero-tolerance policy separates the families because it requires a criminal prosecution for all adults detained at the border and, as the parents go through prosecution children cannot be held with them in the criminal jails, because of child protection laws. Although, in most of these cases these laws do not protect the children, they deprive them of the physical and emotional bonds they have with their parents. Other administrations like the Bush and Obama administrations held the parents in a different location while the awaited their trails so that the children could be held with at least their mothers. Laura Woods, writes in her article that there have been over 2,300 cases of children being separated from their parents including toddlers and infants, which is a result of the new policy. All this happening before June of 2018 and as we all know; the number has just climbed since then.

Once the children get ripped away from their parents, they get placed in shelters until they can be released to a family member or legal guardian. Brown University states in an article that these shelters are anything but comforting, in most cases they are simply giant tents, and in other cases they are old military base warehouses, that are run down. These shelters are noticeably primitive, lacking separate sleeping areas for girls and boys and in some cases, the children are forced to sleep on rock hard, concrete floors. These shelters also lack nutritional resources like healthy protein rich foods, they also have very minimal medical treatment for things like dental and mental health, which these children need. Furthermore, there are no touch rules at these shelters which are in place to prevent inappropriate contact from caregivers, but sadly this deprives the young children of physical and emotional comfort that they need. This causes serious psychological problems for these younger children and has really bad effects on their mental health, which they have barely any treatment for.

Fiona Danaher from Mass General Hospital for Children writes that The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry also known as the AACAP, the American Academy of Pediatrics, along with hundreds of other national organizations, all want these horrific new policies to be reversed because having these children separated from their parents causes harm to their brains that can be irreparable. Dr. Colleen Kraft, president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, states that the separation of these families causes toxic stress, which refers to the negative impacts of the environment on the psychological stress systems of young children. This kind of stress disrupts the architecture of the brain and in many cases results in permanent damage. The AACAP notes that “maternal support has been shown to strengthen neuroprotective factors in the brain during childhood, when the children’s brains are most vulnerable.” (as sited in Woods, 2018) Therefore, separating these young children from their parents in times of extreme stress can potentially cause serious and long-lasting negative impacts on their brains. Once the parents are done with their trials they can then go to claim their children, but sadly there is no uniform way to identify which child belongs to whom, this causes the families to be separated for even longer. Being separated in the same country for this long period of time is terrible enough but, in some cases, parents are deported to their home countries without their children, which makes the situation even more tragic.

Now that you have heard what is happening at our border I hope you agree that this heartlessness needs to come to an end. The policy that we are letting our government use to separate these innocent family’s needs to be changed immediately, and all the families need to be reunited as fast as possible. Needlessly ripping children from their mothers and fathers goes against our fundamental American values. America is supposed to be a loving and caring country, but this does not show that at all. Therefore, the judgment call is simple, we should start treating these families as humans first and as trespassers second.

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Wood, L. C. (2018, September 01). Impact of punitive immigration policies, parent-child                             separation and child detention on the mental health and development of children.                          Retrieved from https://bmjpaedsopen.bmj.com/content/2/1/e000338

Central Authentication Service. (n.d.). Retrieved from                                                                                    https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/full/10.1002/cpu.30339

Kraft, Colleen A. “AAP Shines Light on Effects of Toxic Stress as It Advocates for Children at the Border.” AAP Gateway, 31 Oct. 2018, www.aappublications.org/news/2018/07/24/letter072418.

Danaher, Fiona “Central Authentication Service.” VCU – Central Authentication Service, www-            nejm-org.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/10.1056/NEJMp1808443.

 

Op-Ed

 

Kurtis Cox

Focus Inquiry, Section 031

Prof. Galligan

9/27/2018

Writer’s Memo

On my paper I have spent about 11-13 hours writing and revising. I also spent a lot of time brainstorming and reading up on my topic. I decided my topic in class the second day we worked on this after I search up some of the other topics. The topic I choose for my Op-Ed was family separation at the US/Mexico border. I choose it because this topic was above all the others and I knew a lot of background on it. I rejected Syrian refugee crisis because I didn’t know as much, and I wanted to do something that was more on America soil. My topic didn’t evolve that must it stayed on the topic of immigrants from Mexico, and other Central and South American countries for the most part.

The feedback from my peers helped improve my essay because they all looked at it from different prospective, so I got three different levels of feedback. The feedback helped built my essays foundation stronger because they had so much to say about key components that I had not thought of. The revision suggestions I got were to add more depth, corrected grammar errors, and to separate and rework paragraphs so that they would flow better. I can’t remember all the suggestions, but Sam told me to go more in depth with the conditions at the shelters and I did which made that paragraph much stronger I believe. I did all the things they suggested. I did them all because I thought they were all good things to add, fix and take away. I didn’t reject any of the suggestions I got from my peers. I made these changes all throughout my essay, mostly from first to second draft. Although in my second to final I did a lot of changes too I mostly used suggestions from Ashely though. I think all the revisions help my essay flow better and give it clarity and a lot more depth.

The “global” aspect of my essay that I am most confident in is the flow of my paper, I just believe is comes together well. The “global” aspect that I am worried about is the audience, who are adult voters that are empathetic towards families at the border, I am worried that I have not catered to them enough. The “local” aspect that I am most confident in is spelling, because Microsoft Word has spell check and I have read it over a few times. The “local” aspects that I am worried about in my paper are grammar and the use of words, because I have struggled with them in the past.

If I had more time to work on this paper the aspect that I would focus on improving would be to engage my reader more and cater to my audience more, because I want people to be interested and actively reading my Ob-Ed and want to make changes. Along with that I want the point of my Op-Ed to get across to the reader. I don’t know how much time I would take but a decent amount probably. I would like feedback on how I can improve for next time and how it does or doesn’t accomplish the criteria. I am expecting an A or B because it meets everything I believe but there are probably things I didn’t accomplish as well as I could have.

 

Kurtis Cox

Focus Inquiry, Section 031

Prof. Galligan

11/01/2018

The Horrific Outcome of Zero-Tolerance

 

(Boston Herald Attributor, 2018)

 

It’s probably hard to believe that families are being separated at the United States and Mexican border in 2018, but it unfortunately this is true. As you all know, the Trump administration’s policy changes are the reason this problem is escalating so fast. Trump and his administration made a new zero tolerance policy which requires a criminal prosecution for all adults detained at the border. There are policies and laws in place that do not allow children in criminal jails. In some cases that is a good thing, but for these families it is tragic. However, there is another way to handle this. Both the Bush and Obama administrations used it, simply family detention facilities that housed mothers and children together, but fathers would still be detained at a separate facility. This is better than being completely separated like these families are right now. There have been over 2,300 family separations, and this includes infants being separated from their parents (Wood 2018). All those separations had happened by June of 2018 and the number has climbed since then.

Therefore, what happens to these poor, innocent children after they get ripped away from their parents’ hands? They get placed into a shelter until they can be released to a family member, legal guardian or a foster family. These shelters are anything but comforting. In most cases they are literally giant tents, and in other cases they are old military base warehouses that are old and run down. The shelters are noticeably primitive, lacking separate sleeping areas for girls and boys. In some cases, the children are forced to sleep on rock hard, concrete floors. That alone is utterly unbelievable. Also, these facilities lack nutritional resources like healthy, protein rich foods. The worst of it all is that they have very minimal medical treatment for things like dental and mental health, which creates a big problem. Furthermore, there are “no touch” rules at the shelters which are in place to prevent inappropriate contact from caregivers. This is a good safeguard for the older children and teens, but at the same time deprives the young children of physical and emotional comfort. This is causing serious psychological problems for these young children and affects their mental health. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP), the American Academy of Pediatrics, along with hundreds of other national organizations, all want these horrific new policies to be reversed because having children separated from their parents causes irreparable harm to their brain in some cases (Danaher 2018). Dr. Colleen Kraft, president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, states that separation of these families causes toxic stress, which refers to the negative effects of the environment on the psychological stress systems of young children. This stress disrupts the architecture of the brain and can result in permanent changes (Kraft 2018). The AACAP noted in a statement that “maternal support has been shown to strengthen neuroprotective factors in the brain during childhood, when the children’s brains are most vulnerable.” (Wood 2018) Therefore, separating these young children from their families in times of stress can potentially cause serious and long-lasting negative impacts on their brains. This impacts many of the children due to the time they are held in the shelters, waiting for their parents in most cases.

Once the parents get done with their trials they can then go to claim their children, but the Trump administration has failed to implement an efficient reunification process. Therefore, there is no uniform way to identify which child belongs to whom, this causes very long waiting periods. Being separated in the same countries for this period is terrible enough but in some cases the parents are deported to their home country without their children, which is making the situation even more tragic.

This heartlessness needs to come to an end. Some people in the Republican party are not in support of separating these families either, like myself. But, many people in the Republican party still just want to end the asylum cases in court all together and just deport the families right when the get here so we don’t have to spend money on keeping them here. Hence, the zero-tolerance policy. They want to stop the pouring of tax payer money into the detention centers, shelters and court cases. However, some people in the republican party do not hold the zero-tolerance mind set, and I am one.

In August of 2018, there were still an estimated 700 children, including 40 under the age of 4 that remained separated from their parents because of this tragic situation. (Wood 2018) The policies that we, the people of the United States, are letting our government use to separate these innocent families need to be changed immediately, and all the families need to be reunited as fast as possible. Needlessly ripping children from their mothers and fathers goes against our fundamental American values, in fact it is absolutely dehumanizing these families. America is supposed to be a loving and caring country, but this does not show that at all. The cons of separating the families outweigh the pros by a lot. Therefore, the judgment call is simple, we need to vote for representatives that will vote for and create bills and policies that will keep these families together. We need to call our representatives in Congress now to let them know we want the practice of family separation to end now. If we allow this terrible treatment of children to continue, the stains will be on all our hands.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Wood, L. C. (2018, September 01). Impact of punitive immigration policies, parent-child                             separation and child detention on the mental health and development of children.                          Retrieved from https://bmjpaedsopen.bmj.com/content/2/1/e000338

 

Central Authentication Service. (n.d.). Retrieved from                                                                                    https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/full/10.1002/cpu.30339

 

 

Kraft, Colleen A. “AAP Shines Light on Effects of Toxic Stress as It Advocates for Children at the Border.” AAP Gateway, 31 Oct. 2018, www.aappublications.org/news/2018/07/24/letter072418.

 

Danaher, Fiona “Central Authentication Service.” VCU – Central Authentication Service, www-            nejm-org.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/10.1056/NEJMp1808443.

 

Boston Herald AttributorHope, Fear.” Tijuana, June 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. https://bmjpaedsopen.bmj.com/content/2/1/e000338

 

This source is a journal and states tons of information about Illegal immigration happening at the US Mexico border. Also, about how the detention center and shelter conditions are in the US. Source states that the health risks that could affect the children like trauma. Also, talks about toxic stress and how it relates to trauma in the brain. States poor living conditions for these kids, there quality of life goes way down. This source is where I got my numbers for amount of separations and how many were still separated in August, of 2018.

I think this source is credible. It was written by Laura C N Wood, who is in the department of Sociology at Lancaster university. Therefore, knows a lot about the mental health of these children. It is an academic journal, that I found it using the VCU library’s databases. It also has a list of all the sources used at the bottom of the page. The information I found here was the same information I found in some of my other sources building credibility. I don’t think this source is bias to either side seems very neutral not stating opinion. I also think the research is good they have all sources and the writer is knowledge on the topic. I think this source is organized and has good structure.

 

  1. https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/full/10.1002/cpu.30339

 

This source is a journal states a lot of information about toxic stress. It also, has a lot of information at about the zero-tolerance policy that Trump and his administration have put in place. Also, this source has the same number as my first and fourth sources, and that reinforces that they are true. States that The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) is in opposition to the policies. States why they do, which is because the policies cause toxic stress that can cause serious trauma to the brain of these children.

I think this source is credible. It has information that over laps my other sources. Like the numbers and information about toxic stress. It is an update from Brown University, which is a prestigious school, which gives some credibility. It is an academic journal, I found it using the VCU library’s databases. I don’t think this source is bias to either side seems very neutral, not stating opinion. I think the research information is good because it is academic journal that VCU recognizes. I think this source is organized and has good structure.

 

 

 

  1. http://www.aappublications.org/news/2018/07/24/letter072418

 

This source is written by Colleen Kraft. Talks about her studies and talks about toxic stress. She talks about how it affects the children’s brains. Also, how it can cause perinate trauma to the brain. She says that we need to have a welcoming environment for the children and keep the children with their parents because again when we separate them health issues arise.

I think this source is credible. The article is written by Colleen Kraft, the president of the American Academy of Pediatrics. I think she gives the piece credibility with all her degrees and achievements. I think this source is bias because there is some opinion in it which seems to lean the article to the left. I think she knows a lot on the topic and her research and information is good. I think this source is organized and has good structure.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. https://www-nejm-org.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/10.1056/NEJMp1808443

 

This source talks about why these undocumented immigrants are coming here in the first place. Source states why almost all are innocent and are just fleeing violence in their home country. Also, this source has the same numbers as my first and second sources and that reinforces them. States that the health of the children is not good, talks about mental illnesses. Talks about toxic stress like the others.

I think this source is credible. Written by Fiona Danaher, who is from Mass General Hospital for Children which gives some credibility. It was written for the New England Journal of Medicine. Source overlaps with my others making it more credible. Like the same numbers and states information about Colleen Kraft once again. It is an academic journal, I found it using the VCU library’s databases. I think the research information is good because it is academic journal that VCU recognizes. I think this source is organized and has good structure.

 

5.www.bostonherald.com/news/us_politics/2018/06/trump_on_family_separation_i_say_it_s_very_strongly_the_democrats_fault

 

This is my visual source. It is from Boston Herald. This source was only used for my visual nothing else. The visual I got from it brings emotion out of the readers. I think it caters to my audience because they are caring, compassionate people. The picture is f a young girl hugging her mother’s leg, showing she does not want to leave her.

I think this source is mostly credible. The actual article might not be because it is a news source but the visual seems to be. The picture was taking in Tijuana before the families get separated in the US. To the best of my knowledge an attribute to the Boston Herald took this picture while there. Also, the location matches up with separating families because it is at the US Mexico border. I think they picked a good picture to go with there article it fits it well.

 

 

Hello world!

Welcome to Rampages.us.

This is your first post. Does it make you sad you didn’t write it? You can change that. Write something better. Change the world. You are lucky enough to be in a position to do that. Make the most of it.

A For Adventure - Wonder - Jackson Ward