Annotated Bibliography: Looking deeper into Criminal Profiling
My research on Behavioral analysis of serial killers/terrorists/criminals mainly focuses on two main ideas, Criminals : Why they do what they do? What goes on different in their mind that makes them burst out and commit violent crime and terror? The second is how does the science of psychology ~ Behavior analysis help predict patterns and behavior of different criminal minds since they all have different motives, crime techniques, reasons and background. How does the behavior analysis uncover their minds? Is profiling completely reliable or not?
My sources go deep into the science of behavior analysis and discuss their strength weaknesses. Some of the sources discuss more of the weaknesses and establish that criminal profiling does not have enough scientific support to be used as in investigation tool and should not be practiced at all whereas some of the other sources describes its importance , success and how it can be made more scientific.
After research I am clarified on questions like; Why do criminals commit crime ? How a terrorist group has easy access to vulnerable teens and easily brain wash their targets all over the world through internet? What kind of counter terrorism tac-tics can be used to prevent persuasion of terrorist group on youths all over the world? How an FBI agent reads a serial killers mind and behavior to capture him, how a serial killer/criminal thinks? How effective and accurate is criminal profiling? Does it lack scientific support to be used as an investigation tool? All of this information and research will definitely help formulate my Unit III essay.
Godwin, Maurice. “Reliability, Validity, and Utility of Criminal Profiling Typologies.” Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 17.1 (2002): 1-18. Web.
Maurice Godwin discusses and examines deductive and inductive profiling methods. The techniques used by FBI to identify criminal activity and crime scenes. It also further discussed strengths, weaknesses, different approaches and theories behind criminal profiling and the reliability and validity of this technique for investigation. It concludes with a discussion on how we can overcome the critique and weakness within criminal profiling and how to make criminal profiling a more scientific process, more efficient investigative process.
This article is about 18 pages in length. Maurice examines different theories, principles and techniques that is used by behavioral analyst. His observations and research on many approaches of behavior analysis summarizes different techniques and gives us a rational idea on how profiling is done, why was this investigative tool first practiced and its utility and validity. he discusses strengths,weaknesses however he does not state or take a particular side on whether criminal profiling is good or bad, however towards the end of this source we find a little inclination which supports criminal profiling positively. It talks about the efficiency of criminal profiling and rather than being just an art, criminal profiling can be a scientific process. His observations and research are very reliable. The discussions of different theories and principles behind criminal profiling, analyzing a real examples, techniques used in real life cases by FBI, I think the author accomplishes his goal of discussing new ways of overcoming the weaknesses and explaining profiling in a more scientific terms.
This source will be useful to me because as the topic itself states, it explains reliability,validity and utility of Criminal profiling. It clearly explains many theories and principles around which behavior analysis is based upon. Additionally, it has also explained real life example on serial killers and how behavior analysis technique was used as an investigative tool. This article has definitely made me more aware of the processes and techniques and has made me more inclined toward positive aspects of profiling, it has also provided me a lot of information that will be very useful for my essay.
Snook, Brent, Richard M. Cullen, Craig Bennell, Paul J. Taylor, and Paul Gendreau. “THE CRIMINAL PROFILING ILLUSION.” What’s Behind the Smoke and Mirrors? (2008): n. pag. Sage Journals. Web.
This article is a research and analysis of five different authors Brent Snook, Richard M. Cullen, Craig Bennell, Paul J. Taylor and Paul Gendreau. The authors in this article outline different profiling techniques, theories used during investigation and why it is considered valuable by law enforcement tool, Later it argues that behavior analysis or criminal profiling has no scientific reasoning,theory and support enough to use it as a crime investigative tool. Authors argue that people have been mislead in a belief and illusion that criminal profiling always works even though there is not enough or reliable theoretical grounding and strong enough empirical support. The authors conclude that criminal profiling should not be used as an investigative tools as it lacks scientific support.
This article which is roughly 21 pages is devoted on explaining how there is lack of evidence,empirical reasoning and enough scientific evidence for CP to be used as a crime investigative tools. Authors have made very valid reason by expelling the principles behind the establishment of Criminal profiling and discuss how some of the ways in which information about criminal profiling is distorted and don’t have enough scientific support. The goal of this spruce is to establish that criminal profiling does not have enough scientific support and people are mislead to believe that it works all the time despite of no strong empirical reasoning. I think that the authors have proved their goal through their extensive research and reliable sources.
This article will be useful to my discussion, because unlike the other articles this article mainly highlights the weaknesses of profiling and gives us a different viewpoint and strong reasoning as to why depending criminal profiling alone might not be such a good idea. Even though this article does not change my viewpoint on the subject. It provides me with a great deal of information for my essay.
Egger, Steven E. “Psychological Profiling.” Psychological Profiling. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2015
This article by Eggar examines the development of psychological profiling. As the topic itself states it discusses the present, past and future of Psychological profiling. This article highlights three of the most important dates which heavily contributed to the development of psychological profiling. Furthermore, it also discusses how it has developed and improved throughout all these years, this article has also included critique and evaluation on criminal profiling. Mainly the goal of this article is to educate the readers on how criminal profiling, the Behavioral analysis Unit and Crime Scene investigation was established, different critiques it has faced throughout all there years, current status and discussion observation and how the entire process is completed also the future of profiling and advantages of harvesting new technology is discussed in this source.
The article rather than taking a stand point on whether criminal profiling is efficient or not/good or bad. It mainly focuses on the how the entire profiling unit if the FBI developed, how it developed and where it is headed. The author intention is to give us information about criminal profiling and how it has been used throughout time. This source takes more of an informative approach. The examples he has used are all real life example and sources are used for his research are legitimate and highly reliable. I think that the author has met his goal by clearly giving reliable and rational and real life examples, he is able to deliver good information on profiling history,current status and the future through this article.
I learned a lot about criminal profiling , this article gave me a deeper understanding on the previous articles I read related to this subject matter.This article has definitely enhanced my understanding on how and why was profiling unit established. After reading this article I think I have better understanding and have a more clear viewpoint on the other sources used.
Freiburger, Tina, and Jeffery S. Crane. “The Internet as a Terrorist’s Tool A Social Learning Perspective.” Cyber Criminology: Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior. By K. Jaishankar. Boca Raton, FL: CRC, 2011. 127-37. Print.
This chapter from the book “Cyber Criminology: Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior”, how internet has become terrorist tool. How youths agree to sacrifice their life in terror acts like suicide bombings. Internet is being used by terrorist to communicate, exchange information,pictures ,recruit new members from all over the world. This chapter basically is a behavior analysis of this crime. Social Learning Theory by Akers has become main theory that explains criminal behavior throughout different age groups. This unit explains the psychological reasoning behind organized crime like this.
Since technology is big part of our lives. This chapter talks about cyber crime, terrorist and the behavior breakdown and reading of there groups.The goal of this chapter is to introduce new techniques being used through the use of technology. It gives us a new idea that the developing technology that aids in investigation and further development of profiling also equally aids the terrorist group by helping them be more time efficient.
I think this chapter will help me in my essay because it gives us more broader information on cyber crimes which I think is very important, considering the fact that everyone has gone digital and have their personal information on their computers and webs. Cyber crime is definitely a growing problem and approaching the topic from a social science perspective and examining computer crimes through the behavior patterns can be another good research area that can aid my research for the essay.
“Psychology of Serial Killers with Jim Clemente.” YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2015.
This next source i chose is an interview of a retired FBI agent and supervisor and producer of the TV series Criminal Minds. Jim Clemete describes his experience of hunting down serial killers along with his behavioral analysis unit. In this interview he talks about real life cases and provides an insight ti the minds of predators among us.
This is a 43 minute long interview a series of question and answers on some of the most prolific criminals the agent had to deal with. He talks about how they operated in the field and breakdown the process of investigating most disturbing crime scenes and criminals. This source is reliable since it’s a former FBI agent himself talking about his experience, techniques difficulties which gives us an idea of success rated, validity and the importance of criminal profiling.
This definitely gave me more insight on my subject. Hearing from an expert who has had experience definitely changed my viewpoint on this topic and has provided me with a great deal of information for my essay.