Key Characteristics: Herbaceous plant with white flowers with multiple petals located on top of plant in multiple clusters. Lance like leaves are present. Leaves and stems are arranged alternately. Found: Sunny, dry, open, and disturbed  fields.… Read More


Japanese Hops vine
Paper Mulberry
Paper mulberry bark
Stinging nettle
Osage orange
Osage orange
Black locust
Grape Vine
Black willow
River birch
Pinkweed
Sundrops
False indigo
Ash fruit
Mulberry leaf
Mulberry banded bark
Ivy leaved morning glory
Virgin…… Read More


Spotted touch-me-not
Asiatic day flower
Tickseed sunflower
American Beech
Tomato plant
Unknown
Climbing hempweed
Wild potato vine
Pokeweed
False foxglove
Eastern joe-pye weed
American beech trunk
Loblolly vine
American Holly
Cattails

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This herbaceous vine has fall flowers. The flowers are white and are clustered, so flower parts are indistinguishable. The leaves are oppositely arranged and heart shaped. Generally this plant is located at the edge of the pond.

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This is an herbaceous plant, with compound opposite leaves. The leaves are highly divided. The leaves are non-pubescent.The stem is green and pubescent. The flowers are white. Environment: full sun, moist soil, edge of the trail. Near Chamomile, Rabbit’s Foot Clover, and Virginia Creeper. Rare.… Read More


The only honeylocust tree we have seen during our entire class was found along the pipeline so watch out for it. The leaves are a darker green, doubly compound, and alternate. At the pipeline though, there seemed to be a nitrogen deficiency so leaves were lighter. The tree commonly has thorns along branches and the … Continue reading Day 15: Honeylocust Read More


The buttonbush was found in direct sunlight, in between large rocks, in a flooded and aquatic area. The leaves are lance shaped, pinnate, entire, thick, leathery, light green, pink/red petioles, and pubescent on bottom. The plant was not near other pla…… Read More


This is an herbaceous plant with leaves, which are slender and highly divided.  The leaves are alternate and compound. The stem is green, and non-pubescent. The flower is white and daisy, like. Environment: full sun, dry, rocky soil, edge of the trail. Near a field of Kudzu and Field Peppergrass. Abundant.… Read More


The wild carrot is an herbaceous plant that has many white flowers that give the appearance of one large, flat-topped flower head. The plant has a hairy stem and leaves. Leaves are highly divided, alternate, compound and pinnate. The plant was found along the edge of the trail in dry, rocky soil in full sun. … Continue reading Day 14: Wild Carrot Read More


This herbaceous plant, has a basal leaf arrangement, that is non-peubescent.. The leaf has round edges, red veins, and is lobed.  The stem is green. The flower structure has a tall green stem and white clusters. Environment: moist soil, edge of trail, slope, patchy sun.  Intermediate abundance. Near an abundance of Pawpaws.… Read More


This is an herbaceous plant that was found near mayapple in a shady, moist environment. The plant was seen in medium abundance. It resembles a puzzle piece. The roots are red which is where the names come from. The base leaf is large with 5-9 lobes, palmate venation, smooth edges, and the flowers are white … Continue reading Day 12: Bloodroot Read More


Elderberry is a large shrub with multiple stems, and opposite, compound leaves.The leaves have pinnate venation, and toothed edges. They are an elliptical shape with a pointed tip. The stems are green.  The bark is smooth and brown, with warts.  With age the bark becomes rough. The flowers are small, what, and appear in clusters. … Continue reading Day 10:Elderberry Read More


Leaves: Semi-evergreen, opposite, simple, oval to elliptic, 1 to 1 1/2 inch long, edges smooth, green above, lighter and fuzzy on bottom
Flowers: white, small, bell shaped, in dense, elongated clusters, fragrant
Fruit: egg-shaped, berry-like, less tha…… Read More


Lizard’s Tail is a herbaceous plant, with opposite, simple leaves.  The edges are smooth.  The leaves resemble elongated hearts, with palmate venation.  The stem is pubescent and green. The flowers are white, and grow on long narrow stalks (resemble lizard’s tail). The fruit is round, reddish brown, and grows in an elongated cluster. This plant … Continue reading Day 9: Lizard’s Tail Read More


This vine has an arrow shaped leaf that is simple, alternate, and pubescent.  The stems are green. Bindweed produces pink and white, trumpet shaped flowers.  The fruit is a small, round, brown capsule, which contains 2 seeds.   This vine lives near a meadow and prefers direct sunlight.  Prostrate vine, but does have the ability … Continue reading Day 9: Bindweed Read More


The herbaceous plant was found in direct sunlight and only associated with other plants that were not directly in the water like Lizard’s tail. Leaves are opposite, entire, and tapered. Seeds are produced. The flowers are white and purple. The plant is common along river banks and is found in water directly and the plants form … Continue reading Day 10: Water willow Read More


The plant was not common in Pony Pasture Bindweed is a herbaceous vine that has arrow shaped leaves that are pinnate, simple, alternate. Plant produces white or pale pink flower. Capsule holds black seeds and stems are green. The vine primarily remains close to ground and does best in direct sunlight and in moist soil, … Continue reading Day 9: Bindweed Read More


This is a shrub with opposite, simple leaves.  The leaves are round with smooth edges. The bottom of the leaf is lighter and pubescent (fuzzy). The stem is green. The bark is slender and grayish-brown. The flowers are white, and bell shaped. The fruit is berry like, with a dark purple to black coloration.… Read More


The leaves are alternate and pinnately compounded. Winged (comb-like) stem sheath at base of the stem. There are 5-11 leaflets per leaf. They are elongated ovals, with pointed tips. the leave are toothed.  The stem is green. The bark is brown and finely shredded. There are thorns. The flower is white, with 5 floral parts. … Continue reading Day 6: Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora) Read More


Scientific Name: Rosa multiflora
Location: Pony Pasture Park

Prickly at base
Alternate and pinnately compound leaves
Leaves have 7+ leaflets
Prefer shaded areas
Have white flowers with five petals

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The Chinese Privet is an invasive shrub that can form thickets. It grows in understories and has mostly been seen in more shaded areas along edges but it can also be found in disturbed habitats. It seems to be relatively common in Pony Pasture. Leaves: opposite, simple, semi-evergreen, oval, entire, green above and lighter below … Continue reading Day 6: Chinese Privet Read More


This plant sprawls and is a shrub that can form thickets. It is invasive and can be found in disturbed areas but also within forest areas. The plant is intermediate in abundance, relatively speaking. Leaves: pinnately compound, alternate, 5-11 toothed leaflets that are 3-5 inches long, darker green above and paler below, characteristic comb-like leaf … Continue reading Day 6: Multifloral Rose Read More


Daisy Fleabane is a wildflower and member of the Aster family and helps repel fleas. Leaves are generally toothed and leaves get smaller as they move closer to flower head, the stem also has a hairy covering (US Wildflower). Source for US Wildflower: http://uswildflowers.com/detail.php?SName=Erigeron%20annuus… Read More


The May Apple is an herbaceous plant. It looks like an umbrella when fully grown. The uniqueness of this plant is that it blooms and disappears in the month of May (hence the name!). Each of the 6 leaves had 2 large lobes with smaller lobes along the margin (see photo). We saw the plant when it … Continue reading Day 2: May Apple Read More


 
Leaves:
-Toothed, get smaller towards the base of plant
Stems:
-Hairy
Bark:
-None
Flowers/Fruit:
-Flowers composite, radial symmetry, bright yellow wide center, with white petals
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Found at Dogwood Dell The May Apple has a green fruit and leaves that can be described as “bizarre”. Stems of the leaves come into the middle of the leave instead of stopping at the leaf base. The leaves are fork or simple, and deeply lobed.… Read More


Plant Type: Herbaceous Environment: tracks of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight slopes, sandy, dry soil Stems: green, thorns Leaves: compound, alternate Flowers: flowering in early summer, white/pink long flowers… Read More


Plant Type: Herbaceous Environment: tracks of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight/shade slopes, sandy, dry soil/moist Stems: green, thorns Leaves: palmately compound, Leaflets: five or seven, pinnately veined Flowers: flowering in early summer, white color    … Read More


Plant Type: herbaceous Environment: eastern end of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight, slopes, rocky, sandy, dry soil Stems: green, thick FlowersL white in color, branches off individually from stem  … Read More


Plant Type: herbaceous Environment: eastern end of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight, slopes, rocky, sandy, dry soil Stems: green, thick Leaves: divided into three sessile leaflets, which are slender Flowers: grouped in a dense inflorescence  … Read More


Plant Type: herbaceous Environment: eastern end of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight, slopes, rocky, sandy, dry soil Stems: covered in hairs, green, thick Leaves: pinnately veined, wavy margin, alternate, simple, sticky feeling Flowers: white small flowers Fruit: green berries  … Read More


Plant Type: herbaceous Environment: eastern end of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight, slopes, rocky, sandy, dry soil Stems: covered in hairs, green, thick Leaves:  tripinnate leaves are 5 – 10 inches long and have a triangular form Flower: formed in clusters, red spot in the middle of the cluster of flowers, white color… Read More


Plant Type: herbaceous Environment: eastern end of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight, slopes, rocky, sandy, dry soil Stems: central stem has branches of flowers coming off it Leaves: smooth margin, small, pinnately veined Flowers: clusters of white flowers from early summer… Read More


Daisy Fleabane Erigeron annuus A fairly common plant along the access road. Flowers compound, with white outer petals, and yellow inner flowers. Large herb 4-5′ tall with many branching flower stalks.… Read More


Crown Vetch
Segcurigera varia
Crown vetch was taking over a lot of area along side the gravel access road and the fence. Seemed to be doing well and many of the plants were flowering. Full sun.

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Honewort
Trinia glauca ???
Many honeworts grew in the shady areas, which were the real defining feature for this habitat, shade versus full sun. There really was not much in between. Small white flowers on this individual.

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Horse Nettle
Solanum carolinense
Low lying shrub. Leaves of the horse nettle are toothed and have white spikes/hairs. Possibly poisonous. One main stalk. White flower with yellow center. Found near S. Cherry St entrance in a sunny location.
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White Sweet Clover
Melilotus albus
A clover species, having white papilionaceous flowers and trifolate leaves. Inflorescence much smaller than yellow sweet clover.

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Abundantly, found growing in the water at Texas Beach along the North Beach Trail.  This pretty perennial has white-purple-pink flowers and simple, opposite leaves growing two leaves per node.… Read More


Horsenettle
Solanum sp.
Leaves are wedge shaped and large. Flowers are purple to white with five petals and five obvious yellow anthers.

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Found in a shady section on the Eastern most end of the North Bank Trail.  This herbaceous plant has small white flowers and toothed, compound, alternate leaves.… Read More


Leaves are small, opposite and pointy. Stem is fuzzy with white flowers at the end. Found in an opening in the canopy. Getting direct sun with lots of humus and mostly dry soil. Found at the westernmost section of the End of the North Bank trail.
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Dogwood bush
Cornus sp.
Another small dogwood bush flower. This one was found near the water at the texas beach entrance of the north bank trail.

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Water Willow
Justicia americana
A small plant growing in dense colonies in shallow water. Flowers irregular, parts in fours, white overall with purple blotches near the throat. Leaves are long and narrow.

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Black Willow
Salix nigra
A small tree with alternating leaves. Leaves are long, thin, and tapering, with fine teeth around the margin. Midribs, petioles and twigs appear red. Bark shreddy. Often growing in a colony with many upright shoots

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The white flea-bane has smaller and thin pedals than the daisy flea bane.  This plant was found in a hot dry environment of the edge of the road.… Read More


This tall grass was found in an open meadow getting direct sunlight throughout the whole day.  This plant has small alternate leaves white flowers at the top.… Read More


Dogwood Bush
Cornus sp.
A small low and sprawling bush. Leaves alternate. Flowers clustered and showy, but without subtending bracts.

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Purple and white flowers in a crown arrangement, compound leaves that look similar to Mimosa. Grows on the sides of roads in full sun.
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Leaves are spiny looking, alternate, and compound. Lots of small white flowers with a little red flower in the middle of the plant. Found in direct sun near other clovers. Dry soil on a slope with lots of humus.
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Leaves are compound thinker in the middle and a long tip. Small white flowers. Stems have thorns. Found growing under canopy cover. Soil is moist with lots of organic matter.
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Small herbaceous plant with spear shaped leaves with small hairs on stem. The margin of the leaves are lined with teeth. Found growing in direct sun. Soil is dry with lots of humus.
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Small herbaceous plant with fairly small white flowers with yellow in the middle. Found in small clusters. Found growing on the edge of the path in direct sun. Soil is dry with lots of humus present. Eastern part of the North Bank trail.
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Small herbaceous plant with with flowers with yellow in the middle. Growing on the edge of the path in direct sun. Soil is dry with lots of organic matter.
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Found growing on a slope in full sun. Environment is somewhat moist. Lots of organic matter covering the ground. Found on the eastern end of the North Bank Trail.
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Leaves are trifoliate and alternate in arrangement. Fragrant small white flowers. Found growing on the edge of the canopy in full sun near the fence at Reedy Creek. Dry fairly sandy soil.
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Small plant with white and purple flowers. Alternate and compound leaves. Found growing in a big patch in full direct sunlight. Soil is dry with lots of organic matter. Present near the path at Reedy Creek.
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This rare herbaceous plant was found on the western side of the North Bank trail. The flower has white, fused petals and an indentation around the base of the flower. The environment contained moist soil and shade.
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Bladder Campion (Silene vulgaris) Broad, flat, pinnately veined, pointed leaves. Simple and opposite leaf pattern. Smooth with no teeth or lobes. Inflated white flower. Partly shady moist area near river. Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Common.… Read More


Bird’s-Eye Speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys) Blue and white flowers. Three petals blue and one white. Low-growing. Small leaves with rounded teeth. No lobes. Open direct sunlight on the dry hillside. Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.… Read More


Asiatic Dayflower (Commelina communis) Broad, flat, pointed leaves with parallel veins. Smooth with no teeth or lobes. Small, blue flower with distinctive modified petals: two large blue higher up and one small white below the blue. Partly shady on hillside. Found on North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Common.… Read More


Stinking Chamomile (Anthemis cotula)
Small, thin, pointed, pinnately compound leaflets arranged in an alternate pattern. White and yellow flowers. Unpleasant odor.
Open direct sunlight off dry trailside.
Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abund…… Read More


Rabbit-Foot Clover (Trifolium arvense)
Fuzzy, white flowers at the apex of stem. Trifoliate, pinnately veined leaflets. No teeth or lobes. Alternate leaf pattern.
Open direct sunlight off trailside.
Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.

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Uvularia perfoliata  Originally mistaken for Soloman’s Seal showing plasticity this unique herbaceous plant has threaded leaves, with the stem piercing the leaves near the base.  Parallel venation, oblong rounded leaves without lobes or teeth.  Typically found from southern Ontario to norther New England this patch was found along the path to Texas Beach in a […]… Read More


The clover family does not end with the iconic white flowering yard cover.  This tall growing herbaceous plant has trifoliate leaves, alternating densely along the stem.  Growing erect in meadows and sunny locations with a small white flower blooming at the tip of the stem in the summer.… Read More


With leaves divided in three parts it is easy to see how this falls into the clover family.  Yellow Sweet Clover leaves, however, are much longer and more narrow than the common daisy seen in yards and street cracks, leaves are toothed with serrations along the margin.  Growing much taller yet also found in meadows […]… Read More


Found in full sun locations in meadows and along roadways.  This poisonous plant has a reddish stem, ovate oblong leaves, pinnately veined.  The underside of the leaves have a fine pubescence.  In the crook between the stem and leaf petiole you will often see a sucker, this is a leaf growing from the axial bud. […]… Read More


Honeswort found in sunny locations, on the southern side of the pathway near the meadow at Reedy Creek and also seen other places.  Divided leaves, trifoliate, doubly toothed, pinnately veined, lower leaves have clefts.  Flowers are in four parts, very small, white in clusters at the top of the stem.… Read More


 Alternate and compound leaves. Flowers with white petals and yellow center. Located on edge of road in full sun. Soil rocky, dry, sandy.… Read More


 alternate leaves, feather like leaves. Flower is white and clumped together with a small red center. Located on edge of road, partial/full sun, dry sandy soil.… Read More


 Bipinnately compound. Flowers are white with pink tips and the petals are extremely fine and long. Flower looks like a fuzzy ball. Located along edge, in partial/full sun… Read More


 Flower is white petals with yellow center and the petals curl back. The leaves are sticky, paired on stem and wavy teeth. Poisonous/deadly do not eat. located on roads edge in partial sun… Read More


Uncommonly found on the north bank trail was the night shade plant. The leaves are alternate, simple and pinnately veined, also with fuzzy stems. The herbaceous plant has little white flowers, that bloom from the top of the plant.

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This herbaceous plant has white cluster of flowers with a single red dot in the center. The habitat that the plant thrived in was direct sunlight, on a slope on the edge of the trail.

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The flowering Mimosas grew abundantly next to Ulmus sp. along the edge of the North bank trail. The pink and white flowers, have needle like petals that are soft to the touch.

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This herbaceous plant with yellow flowers at the top, has dissected leaves. The commonly found plant, grew on the slope absorbing direct sunlight.

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The developing horsenettle, has white flowers at the top of plant. Commonly found growing on the slope in direct sunlight along trail closest to Oregon hill pkwy.… Read More


Found in a hole in a rock with standing water. Some of these were also present in very wet rocky sand. Partially shaded from shadow of the rock but still lots of sun. Found on the Belle Isle Rocks on the South Side of the Island
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This is the only mimosa flower we have seen. Must be related to the open sunlight of northbank. White spike structures with purple tips.

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The Arrowwood shrub was found along the Buttermilk Trail,  in a shady environment on a slope. The floral structure is a cluster of little white flowers. The leaves on this arrowwood are broad and flat with an extended pointed tip.  The pinnate venation is also displayed on the simple leaves.… Read More


Characteristics: Lobed, Alternate leaves with no spikes on them. Spikes present on the stem. White flower. Under direct sun, sandy soil. Associated with oat grass. Uncommon.
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Petals of the chamomile flower are larger and broader than the similar flowers of the daisy fleabane. Occurs close to ground. In full sun next to trail.
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Aka unknown 2 from buttermilk. Toothed margins. Clusters of white flowers. Opposite simple pinnate venation. In the shade on a slope west of reedy creek.

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Characteristics: Broad, flat, simple leaves. This one shows developmental plasticity – leaves close to the base are different than the one on the top. Under shade, humid soil.… Read More


Full sun, moist sandy/rocky environment, leaves opposite and simple, leaves are a dark shiny green flowers in a clump and are white with a little yellow.
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Opposed to the other Curly Dock we have seen (at Belle Isle and on the rocks south of Belle Isle), this Curly Dock has red/yellow leaves and a larger inflorescence possibly due to stress of full sun.
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Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek.  These small herbaceous plants have white flowers and broad, flat leaves with smooth margins.  The leaves feel a bit fuzzy to the touch.… Read More


Characteristics: Broad, simple leaves. Ball shaped clusters of white flowers. Dry fruit. Abundant. Found on the edge of not dry meadow and forest, next to a path on clay and silt soil that can hold water but drains well. Sunny. About 10-15 feet from water. The plant was associated with grasses, Milkweed, Wing stem.  … Read More


Characteristics: Alternate, pinnate leaves. Have thorns. Common. Found on the edge of not dry meadow and forest, next to a path on clay and silt soil that can hold water but drains well. Partly shady, partly sunny. About 10-15 feet from water. The pla…… Read More


  Plant Type: Small Tree Environment: Reedy Creek open track next to railroad, shaded area Stems: green, smooth Leaves: compound, alternate Leaflets: 3 paired, pinnately veined, toothed margin,… Read More


  Plant Type: Shurb Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil Stems: thorns, arching Leaves: divided into five to eleven sharply toothed leaflets; leaf stalks with fringed stipules Flower:  clusters of buds, fragrant, white to pinkish… Read More


Plant Type: Herbaceous
Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil
Stems: green, thin
Leaves: compound, opposite
Leaflets: pinnately veined, toothed margin, 3 leaflets per leaf
Flowers: Small petals, white color

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Plant Type: Herbaceous? Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil Stems: green, long, thick Leaves: compound, opposite Mis.: flowers and seeds are produced in clusters on branched stems… Read More


Characteristics: Herbaceous flowering plant. Looks like Daisy and can be used for medical purposes (flee treatments). Aster family. Ray white flowers. Flat, small leaves. Common. Found in sunny part of meadow on clay and silt. The plant was associated…… Read More


White and yellow flowers, extended on a elongated stem.  This plant is uncommonly found on the edge of the trail before reedy creek, located in direct sunlight along with high bush clovers.  The flowers are known to have a effect on flea bites.… Read More


  Pepperweed – alternate leaves, little to no petiole, leaves have 2 teeth/thumbs, flowers in whirled pattern, buds flattened pea-like.  Common name comes from peppery flavor.  Able to grow in poor soil, seen in rocky sandy soil near riverbank.… Read More


White Yarrow
Achilea sp.
Waist height, unbranching herbaceous plant.Leaves pinnate and feathery in appearance. Flowers borne in an umbel.

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Characteristics: Broad, opposite,pinately leaf with regular flowers. Found b/n rock and water on a sunny place next to River birch and Black willow. Abundand. Herbaceos.
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  Water Willow is growing abundantly among the rocks and in the standing water left by the river.  Some patches are flowering, while others are starting to bloom. Key identifying features: opposite leaves, elongate pinnately veined leaves, full sun conditions, growing in wetlands/shallow water, purple, 4-part flowers Without the flowers the Water Willow looks very […]… Read More


This shurb has broad/flat leaves that are opposite and simple. The leaves have tiny bristels, and it produces white flowers. The bark can be slightly red in some places.

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Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. No teeth or lobes. Opposite and simple leaf pattern. Pleasant sweet odor. White and yellow flowers. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. No teeth or lobes. Opposite and simple leaf pattern. Pleasant sweet odor. White and yellow flowers. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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This herbaceous plant is located in the wetlands of Buttermilk trail. The large leaf resemble an elongated heart. A little white flower grows in the center of the leaf.  The leaves have smooth margins.… Read More


This herbaceous plant has coupled, toothed leaves.  The flowers are white  and tubular shaped and prior to blooming the buds appear to have spikes.… Read More


    This herbaceous plant grew in the wetlands along the Buttermilk trail. The flower of lizard’s tail plant has a flower stalk the resembles a lizard’s tail.… Read More


Arrow Arum (Peltandra virginica) aka Tuckahoe
Large, broad, flat, pinnately veined arrow-shaped leaf. Simple leaf pattern. No teeth or lobes. Found in wet area. White flower.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Pocket shape trumpet bell white flower. Opposite leaf arrangement, no petiole, fuzzy stem. Teeth on the margins. Found on buttermilk trail.

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Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) aka Lady’s Glove Broad, flat, pointed, pinnately veined leaves with a serrated margin. Simple and opposite leaf pattern. No lobes. White, bell-shaped flowers. Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Thin, flat, feathery leaflets in spiral formation. Alternate and bipinnately compound leaves. White cluster flowers.
Found in open field.
Front tip of Belle Isle, RIchmond, VA.

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Crown Vetch (Securigera varia)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined, oval leaflets. No teeth and not lobes. Alternate and pinnately compound leaf pattern. Purple and white flowers. Invasive.
Found in open field.
Front tip of Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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Ailanthus altissima Tree of Heaven is an invasive species that is easily distinguished from other trees by its ovate leaflets which have thumb like protrusions at the base. These thumbs when coupled with the pungent smelling leaves make identifying this tree from look-alikes such as smooth sumac a snap. It has compound, alternate leaves with […]… Read More


Buttermilk Trail East of Reedy Creek The Solomon’s Seal is easy to identify by the parallel veins on the the leaves and hanging bell-like white flowers from the underside.  Do not mistake this for False Solomon’s Seal with has flowers only at the tip and not hanging from underneath.… Read More


Alternate, compound leaf arrangement. Will often be seen with a large around of small white flowers. Found on buttermilk.

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The curly doc can be most easily identified by its droopy looking leaf with wavy margins. It grows about chest high and can also have a mass of white flowers on its top. This was found on the front of belle isle.

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Garlic mustard-Alliaria petiolata Found on the North rd. of Belle Isle Key Identifying Features: Herbaceous. Leaves are alternate, simple , heart shaped base of the leaf , toothed margins, palemately veined, when crushed leaves smell like garlic, produces white flowers  … Read More


Honeysuckle Vine -Lonicera japonica  Found on the south rd. of Belle Isle Key Identifying Features:  Invasive woody vine. Leaves are opposite, produces fragrant white and yellow tubular flowers.  … Read More


This tree has tulip-shaped broad/flat leaves that are alternate and simple. It has wavy lobes and is pinnately veined. The flowers that bloom from it are duck-billed shaped.

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Tendrils opposite from leaves, which have 3 smooth lobes each with one main vein. Ornate purple and white flowers when blooming.… Read More


Toothed/wavy, heart-shaped leaves in an alternate pattern. Palmate veins, small white flower.Leaves smell like garlic when crushed.… Read More


Photo by Jill Reid
Opposite leaves, heart-shaped to 5 lobes, palmately veined. White flowers and red berries.
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American Dogwood (Cornus florida)
Broad, pinnately veined oval leaves with vein round towards the tip. No teeth or lobes. Simple and opposite leaf pattern.
South Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum biflorum) Broad, flat leaves with parallel veins. White flowers on the underside of the plant. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. South Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Bird’s-eye speedwell Veronica chamaedrys Herbaceous plant. Blue and white flower with striping on the throat. Some yellow present.… Read More


Japanese honeysuckle
Lonicera japonica
Woody vine with opposite simple ovate leaves. Flowers common. Early flower white, later flowers yellow.
Buds and leaves

Honeysuckle vine with greenbriar in foreground

Honeysuckle flowers (again with greenbriar …… Read More


 

 

White/pink/purple flowers, long leaves with parallel venation, monocots

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Purple Veins, heart shaped, alternate, pointed, flowers have cinnamon fragrance and are white or green/yellow (not pictured) (http://na.fs.fed.us/spfo/invasiveplants/factsheets/pdf/chinese-yam.pdf)

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Invasive: Honeysuckle Vine

Can be flowering shrubs or vines, yellow or white flowers, sweet smell
Location: Belle Isle South Trail

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-unsure of what this plant is
-opposite and simple leaves
-flowers hang and droop downwards
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