This plant has white and pink flowers with five regular parts. In the fall there are dark purple berries arranged in stalks. The smooth margin leaves are alternately arranged and pinnately veined. … Read More


  Simple, broad and flat leaves with opposite arrangement. No lobes or teeth on leaf. Small red fruit present.     Veining towards top of leaf (distinctive characteristic) Alligator bark (distinctive characteristic) … Read More


The May Apple is an herbaceous plant. It looks like an umbrella when fully grown. The uniqueness of this plant is that it blooms and disappears in the month of May (hence the name!). Each of the 6 leaves had 2 large lobes with smaller lobes along the margin (see photo). We saw the plant when it … Continue reading Day 2: May Apple Read More


Found at Dogwood Dell The May Apple has a green fruit and leaves that can be described as “bizarre”. Stems of the leaves come into the middle of the leave instead of stopping at the leaf base. The leaves are fork or simple, and deeply lobed.… Read More


Blackberry
Rubus fruiticosus
This appeared to be a blackberry growing in between some rocks on the access road, but the leaves look a little different than a normal blackberry to me. Maybe a raspberry? or Maybe just plasticity.

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White Mulberry Morus alba Leaves are simple, alternate, and have serrated edges. Leaves can be entire, or have a mitten shape, or be multi-lobed. Various leaf shapes will often occur on the same tree. Leaves are glossy on top, unlike the Red Mulberry (Morus rubra). Creates edible berries similar in appearance to those of the […]… Read More


American Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
Herbaceous. Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. No teeth or lobes. Reddish stem. Green berries at the apex of stem.
Open direct sunlight trailside.
Found at Belle Isle in Ric…… Read More


Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Broad, flat, palmately veined leaves with variable number of lobes but no teeth. Pleasant odor. Dinosaur foot shape leaves. Lighter color underside. Compound and alternate leaf pattern. No thorns. Green berries.
Shady trai…… Read More


Spicebush
Lindera benzoin
This spicebush had some fruit on it! As was all the fruit we have seen thus-far, it was still green and immature. Leaves still smelled great. Environment seemed very suitable.

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Fruit is edible, fleshy and green, alternate leaves, short petioles, long stems.  Leaves smell like asphalt when crushed.… Read More


Blueberry
Cyanococcus sp.
A small Blueberry bush was found growing in a rocky outcrop under some young trees, giving the bush some shade. Leaves alternate, ovate, and simple. Berries still immature and green with four clear sepals at the distal end, re…… Read More


Dogwood Bush
Cornus sp.
A small low and sprawling bush. Leaves alternate. Flowers clustered and showy, but without subtending bracts.

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This tree was found in sandy soil on belle isle rocks.  It has simple non lobbed leaves however they do have small teeth.  As you can see in this picture this tree produces small black fruit.… Read More


This is the fruit that is found on the may apple which is what it looks like a small apple.  It is found on the stem under the leaves.… Read More


The fruits of this blackberry vine, found growing in direct sunlight on the slope. This blackberry vine grew commonly in this dry, sandy soil.  The plant thrived in this environment, there were many developing fruits on the vine.… Read More


Jack in the Pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Monocot, with parallel leaf venation. Leaves trifoliate and often only one or two large leaves are present on the plant at a time. Flowers borne on a spadix. Fruits are a series of berries.

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Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek.  This herbaceous plant resembles Virginia Creeper but it is not a vine and the leaves are more rounded.  The leaves are broad, flat, palmately compound, toothed and pinnately veined.  The plant produces fruit similar to that of a strawberry and it also puts down leads and […]… Read More


Grape Mahonia
Mahonia sp.
Large invasive shrub. Leaves compound with terminal leaflet. Individual leaflets similar in appearance to American Holly leaves. Fruit is a medium sized blue to purple berry.

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Characteristics: Alternate, pinnate leaves. Have thorns. Common. Found on the edge of not dry meadow and forest, next to a path on clay and silt soil that can hold water but drains well. Partly shady, partly sunny. About 10-15 feet from water. The pla…… Read More


Common Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves with a pointed tip. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. No lobes or teeth. Asphalt odor. Small, understory tree. Green, round, oblong fruit. Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Common Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves with a pointed tip. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. No lobes or teeth. Asphalt odor. Small, understory tree. Green, round, oblong fruit. Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves with no teeth or lobes. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. Pleasant odor. Small, green, round berries.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves with no teeth or lobes. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. Pleasant odor. Small, green, round berries.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. Alternate and compound leaf pattern with 3 leaflets. No thorns or teeth. Touch can lead to itchy rash or blisters. Small, green, round berries.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA

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Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. Alternate and compound leaf pattern with 3 leaflets. No thorns or teeth. Touch can lead to itchy rash or blisters. Small, green, round berries.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA

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May Apple (Podophyllum peltatum) aka Mayflower or Umbrella Plant or Wild Mandrake
Wide, flat, palmately veined leaves with palmate lobe formation. No teeth. Simple leaf pattern. Small, green, round, feshy fruit on the underside of leaves. Low growing. …… Read More


Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) aka Bog Onion or Indian Turnip
Broad, flat, pointed, pinnately veined leaves with no teeth and no lobes. Alternate and palmately compound leaf pattern. Dark purple stem. Green fruit berry cluster.
Buttermilk Tra…… Read More


Mahonia (Mahonia bealei)
Broad, flat, waxy, palmately veined leaflets with spines. No lobes. Alternate and pinnately compound leaf pattern. Blue cluster fruit.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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False Solomon’s Seal – the flowers, fruit are produced on the tips of the plant.  True Solomon’s Seal will have flowers and fruit that dangle along the bottom of the stem.  … Read More


Blackberry
Rubus sp.
Flowers rose like when present. Leaves trifoliate, serrated. Plant often sprawling bush or vine with thorns. Fruit aggregate drupe. Very palatable.

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Compound, alternate leaf arrangement, 8 spines on each leaf edge. White fruit with a powdery coating, red stems on the fruit. Found on buttermilk.

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These are some of the branches of the Osage orange. They appear to be dead hanging below the greener live branches. The green branches had some thorns ostensibly which gave it away as a male. This was found on the front of belle isle.

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Photo by Rumsha Khan
Paper Mulberry is very similar to the Red mulberry (leaves that may or may not be lobed, berries, toothed leaves), but its leaves are fuzzier to the touch.
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Photo by Jill Reid
Leaves very large with smooth margins and smell like asphalt when crushed. Produce a small banana-like fruit that is edible.
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Heart-shaped to many lobed, toothed leaves with palmate veins. Lobes may be uneven and asymmetrical. Edible red berries when mature.… Read More


Photo by Jill Reid
Red stems, purple flowers and berries. Berried have bright pink juice. Simple, large, pinnate leaves.
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Photo by Jill Reid
Opposite leaves, heart-shaped to 5 lobes, palmately veined. White flowers and red berries.
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Purple berries, white/green flowers when in bloom, thick stem, looks like a small tree, thick stem that can be reddish in color, alternate leaves, leaves are dark green on top and pinkish on the bottom

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