Found at buttermilk trail The wood sorrel has three leaflet which looks like a three leaf clover.  Alternate, compound, heart-shaped leaves. Pubescence stem.  Found on the edge of the trail in patchy sunlight near honeysuckle, potato vine and under a chinese privet.… Read More


Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands looks like a mocker nut hickory with its alternate, compound leaves but has 5-7 leaflets instead of 7-9 has X shapes on the bark like a mockernut hickory genus is Carya… Read More


Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands parallel venation shorter, smaller, more narrow leaves than in solomon’s seal also has flowers that come out of the top of the plant instead of hanging underneath the leaves like in solomon’s seal leaves are alternate and compound… Read More


Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands opposite, rounded teeth medium, patchy sunlight swampy terrain surrounded by poison ivy plants in high abundance has a numbing property that’s good for chiggar bites and poison ivy rashes once boiled and frozen into ice cubes… Read More


Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands

vine
opposite, compound, no teeth
found in medium shaded areas to full sun
not to be confused with orange trumpet creeper whose leaves have teeth

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Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands leaves are pubescent have 5-7 leaflets unlike normal 7 we see teeth don’t go to base and are blunt rare, located on edge of meadow high level of sunlight compound, opposite  … Read More


Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands

 

invasive tree
located on edge of parking lot
direct sunlight
alternate, oval with flat base, pointed end
red nodes, red petiole, white stem
dicot
hollow stem
spreads underground runners like bamboo

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Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands Found in swamp area with lizard’s tail.  The leaves are opposite, pinnately simple, course rounded teeth, and have numbing properties.  The hanging flower explode when touch.  The soil is wet and under elm and sweetgum.… Read More


Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands Found in swamp area with the spotted Touch-me-not.  The leaves are alternate, palmately simple, heart shape, cupped.  The soil is wet.  Under elm and sweetgum.… Read More


Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands They are common in the James River system. They have spores and fronds, with a thumb. They are found in wet soil, shaded, and low to the ground.  The spores are found on the bottom of the fronds.  Found with english ivy, poison ivy, and pognuts.  … Read More


Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands They have flatten flower head, the seed is in the center.  The leaves are lance shape, long and wavy margin, also alternate and simple.  In moist soil, direct sunlight.… Read More


Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands The flowering structure is found on top, loose opening, and small seed head.  Long basal leaves.  They are common, grows in moist soil, direct sunlight,. Found with the bindweed and pink knotweed.… Read More


Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands
They have alternate, palmately simple laves, arrow shaped. Fuzzy leaves. In full sunlight, found in the meadow, dry soil. Grow with Johnson grass and pink knot-weed.
 

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Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands They have opposite, simple leaves.  Grow low to the ground, the leaf is greener on the top than the bottom.  Located in heavy shade and is mixed in with ground ivy.… Read More


Spotted Touch-Me-Not Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands, May 29, 2015 The Spotted Touch-Me-Not is a herbaceous plant that has long, oval, simple, alternate, pinnate, toothed leaves. The flowers are orange with red spots. This plant cures/numbs the itch from poison ivy. Environment: Swamps/wet areas. Grows best in very wet soils and partial shade to high light. … Continue reading Day 9: Spotted Touch-Me-Not Read More


 
Johnson Grass
Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands, May 29, 2015
Johnson grass is a tall grass that is a monocot with parallel veins, that has a tall flowering structure, with red/brown seeds and a loose flowering head.
Environment: Moist soils, h…… Read More


Bindweed
Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands, May 29, 2015
Bindweed is a vine that has arrow-shaped leaves that are simple, alternate, slightly pubescent, with no teeth. It has a prostrate vine with tendrils for climbing.
Environment: Grows best in full s…… Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture This plant showed elliptical shaped leaves that were broad and flat. The leaves were basal in nature, attached to long stalks and long petioles. This plant was found in a swamp environment next to many Lizard’s Tail.… Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture The habitat of the Northern Red Oak includes deep, well-drained soils and fertile coves. They growth best on slopes that face north and east. Leaves are alternate and simple, with 7-11 sharply pointed lobes. These leaves have a bristle tip and turn a deep red in the fall. Additionally, … Continue reading Day 9 – Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture The habitat of the Pignut Hickory includes drier soils and ridge tops, as well as moist upland soils. Leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with 5-7 leaflets and toothed edges. The leaflets taper towards the tip. Flowers are yellow-green and occur as catkins on males and short clusters on … Continue reading Day 9 – Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra) Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture Fake Solomon Seal has alternate and simple leaves, similar to those of Solomon Seal however they are smaller. Leaves have parallel veins with elongated spikes that come out of the end, not from the bottom. This Fake Solomon Seal was found next to some Mayapple. It grows in moist … Continue reading Day 9 – Fake Solomon Seal (Smilacina racemoso) Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture Spotted Touch-me-not is found in moist and wet areas of woods, swamps, beaver marches, and floodplains. The leaves of the Spotted Touch-me-not are opposite and simple, typically with coarse, rounded teeth. These leaves come to a rounded tip at their point. Flowers of the Spotted Touch-me-not will actually explode … Continue reading Day 9 – Spotted Touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis) Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture Lizard’s tail is found in swamps and along streams. This plant prefers high water and high shade. Leaves are alternate and simple, typically heart-shaped in design. They are generally medium sized leaves about 3-4 inches in length. Leaf stalks form clasps where they join the stem. The name Lizard’s … Continue reading Day 9 – Lizard’s Tail (Saururus cernuus) Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture Virginia Chain fern is typically found in sphagnum bogs or swamps. This deciduous fern has deeply divided fronds and no pinna, a key characteristic of the Virginia Chain fern. Sori are very distinctive and found on the underside of the fronds. The sori form a double row outlining the … Continue reading Day 9 – Virginia Chain Fern (Woodwardia virginica) Read More


Found at Wetlands of Pony Pasture Christmas Fern is the most common fern in the James River parks system. Typically the Christmas Fern is found in rich, well-drained soils with partial to full shade. This fern grows in a  fountain like clump with lance-shaped, leathery fronds that are also evergreen. Sori (or spores) of the … Continue reading Day 9 – Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) Read More


Tree Leaves: alternate compound, toothed, will always have 5-7 leaflets, toothed, narrow base – wider center – pointed tip oval shape Bark: interlacing Looks similar to Mockernut hickory but Pignut will NEVER have more than 7 leaflets while Mockernuts have 7-9 leaflets. Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA.  … Read More


Herbaceous Leaves: alternate, simple, parallel veination Has smaller leaves than Solomon’s Seal and also produces a flower from the end of the plant instead of underneath. Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Group 3
Environment: wet soil, patchy sun
Plants: Lolblolly Pine (common), Poison Ivy (common), Paw Paw (abundant), American Holly (abundant), Spicebush, Sweetgum, Grape Vine, Yellow Poplar, Maple sp
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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Tree
Leaves: needles in groups of 3, longer than 6 inches
Bark: very distinct, plate-y, block-y, reddish-orange in color
Growing in full sunlight. Gymnosperms.
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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Vine
Leaves: opposite, palmate, star shaped, lobed, toothed, no tendrils, has prickly stem
Part of the hemp family. Found in direct sunlight.
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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Vine
Leaves: opposite, compound, smooth, elliptical shape with base slightly wider thank tip, pinnate, green stem
Found in light shade. Invasive.
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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Herbaceous Leaves: opposite, entire, pinnate, small, round Flower: 5 separate petals, 5 sepals, yellow, flowers at axle Prostrate – grows along the ground Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Tree
Leaves: opposite, smaller in size compared to other Ash, pubescent on bottom side, 5-7 leaflets, small teeth that end about half way down, narrow elliptical shaped
Found in direct sunlight on the edge of a meadow. Rare.
Found in Pony Pasture The…… Read More


Herbaceous
Leaves: pinnate, alternate, simple, oval with flat base and pointed end, red petioles,
Bark: red nodes, hollow, red splotches on bark
Invasive. Underground runners.
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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flat, broad, simple,and alternate leaf arrangement.
leaves are pointed at the tip and toothed.
fruits have pits .
upper surface of leaf is darker compared to underside of leaf.
bark is gray to black and scaly.
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Long lance/skinny shaped leaves.
rounded teeth. waxy leaves and margin pointed downwards .
many seed pod, flattened on the side,and seed in the center.
 
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Leaves are shiny and oppositely arranged.
grows in heavy shaded area.
mix with ground ivy.
dark green leaves with white mid vein.
 
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Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands
-alternate, simple, oblong, lance shaped
-finely toothed with dark green surface and pale underside of leaf
-Bark is reddish brown
-Found on edge of trail in lightly shaded environment

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Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands
-flattened on side and seed in center
-long lance shaped leafs
-wavy leaf margin
-rounded teeth
-found in open and direct sunlight environment

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Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands
-ground cover vine. Spreads and covers ground. Mixed in with Ground Ivy
-simple opposite broad and flat leaves
-Found in heavily shaded area
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Lizard’s tail found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. It can be found in swampy areas or along edges of streams. Its raceme is made up of tiny white flowers. The leaves are heart shaped and dark green.… Read More


Spotted touch-me-not found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. This herbaceous plant can be found in swampy, moist areas and produces leaves with coarse round teeth. The leaves are also simple and opposite. Also, this plant has numbing properties and produces flowers that explode when touched.… Read More


Black cherry found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. This tree has leaves that are alternate and simple. The leaves also have tiny teeth along the entirety of the edge. When you break off the stems they smell like cherry.… Read More


Curly dock found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. The leaves are alternate and resemble long lances. It is flattened on the side with the seeds in the center.… Read More


Bindweed found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. This vine has arrowhead shaped leaves and produces tendrils that coil. It was found in an area with direct sunlight.… Read More


Pink Knotweed found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. This herbaceous plant has leaves that are alternate, simple, and pinnately veined. The node of the leaf is also characteristically pink. Can be found in shady, damp areas on the edges of trails.… Read More


  Simple, opposite, and palmately divided in to 5 lobes. Vines feel rough and have spurs that helps grab on to  plants. Flowers are greenish Grows on semi- shade to no shade environment. prickly stem.… Read More


grows on edge of meadows.
Opposite, simple, and pubescent leaves on the underside.
high light environment.
leaves are smaller than other species of ash trees.
 
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Lizard’s Tail is a herbaceous plant, with opposite, simple leaves.  The edges are smooth.  The leaves resemble elongated hearts, with palmate venation.  The stem is pubescent and green. The flowers are white, and grow on long narrow stalks (resemble lizard’s tail). The fruit is round, reddish brown, and grows in an elongated cluster. This plant … Continue reading Day 9: Lizard’s Tail Read More


English ivy found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. The leaves of this vine are waxy and have three points with an overall square shape. Also, its leaves are distinct green, while its veins are white.… Read More


In our site we had a patchy amount of sunlight and found a wide variety of plants in different abundances. We found Spicebush (low abundance), pawpaw (high), virginia creeper (low), box elder (low), American holly (medium), sweetgum (medium), sweet cicely (high), stinging nettle (low), red maple (low), honeysuckle (low), and english ivy (low).   … Read More


This is a herbaceous plant, with skinny (lance) shaped leaves. The flowering structures are flattened on the sides, round, and have the seed in the center. The flowers cluster along the stem.The leaves have wavy margins with rounded teeth, and are alternately arranged. The stem is green.  Prefers direct sunlight, and resides in meadows and … Continue reading Day 9: Curly Doc Read More


Loblolly pine found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This is a very tall tree with platy, reddish-orange bark that receives full sunlight above the canopy. It is a gymnosperm that produces needles longer than 6 inches.… Read More


Wisteria found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This is an invasive vine with compound leaves that are not toothed. It can be found on the edge of the trail in lightly shaded environment.… Read More


Moneywort found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This herbaceous plant is prostrate and has leaves that are opposite and entire. It flowers at its axils and the flowers produced are yellow with flower parts found in fives.… Read More


Pumpkin ash found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This tree has opposite leaves that are smaller than green or whites ashes. They have faint teeth and are pubescent on the bottom. They can be found on the edge of meadows in high light environments.… Read More


Ground ivy found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This vine grows with a square stem and has leaves that are covered with rounded teeth. It can be found in lightly shaded areas.… Read More


Japanese knotweed found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This herbaceous plant is classified as a dicot and was found on the edge of the road. It has oval shaped leaves with a flat base that are arranged alternately. It also has hollow stems and red marks on the nodes and petioles.… Read More


This vine has an arrow shaped leaf that is simple, alternate, and pubescent.  The stems are green. Bindweed produces pink and white, trumpet shaped flowers.  The fruit is a small, round, brown capsule, which contains 2 seeds.   This vine lives near a meadow and prefers direct sunlight.  Prostrate vine, but does have the ability … Continue reading Day 9: Bindweed Read More


Vinca is a vine, with opposite, simple leaves. The stems, and vine are green. Vinca is an oval shape, with smooth edges. They leaves have a waxy coating with pinnate venation.The bottom of the leaf is significantly lighter than the top. It is a prostrate vine, and prefers heavy shade. Grows with other ground plants … Continue reading Day 9: Vinca Read More


The Northern Red Oak tree has alternative, simple, leaves that have 7-11 bristle tipped lobes that are sharply tipped. There are also sinuses between each leaf lobe.   It has shallow fissured ridged/plated thick bark that appears gray in color. It is usually found on deep loamy soils. It was found in moist soil under … Continue reading Day 9, (tree) 13: Northern Red Oak (Pony Pasture Wetlands, RVA) Read More


The False Solomon’s Seal has alternate, oblong, herbaceous leaves that are smaller (more narrow) than regular Solomon’s seal. It produces six, white, tepaled flowers that bloom near the end of spring that come out of the end of the plant. It was found in thick, swampy, mud under patchy sunlight near Hog Peanut. (some information … Continue reading Day 9, (shrub) 11: False Solomon’s Seal (Pony Pasture Wetlands, RVA) Read More


The Black Cherry tree can grow on varying moisture levels but does best in mountains. The tree was in partial shade, on the edge of the trail and is considered rare. It was among Box ElderLeaves are alternate, simple, lance-shaped to oblong, dark green and shiny above and paler below, finely toothed, usually has yellow-brown fuzz … Continue reading Day 9: Black Cherry Read More


This plant is located in direct sunlight, in a moist meadow but can also survive in disturbed areas. Leaves are lance shaped, wavy margins, alternate, and flower structures are flattened on sides with seed in center. Flower is at terminal end of plant and fruit has papery covering with seed inside. The plant is relatively … Continue reading Day 9: Curly Dock Read More


The plant was not common in Pony Pasture Bindweed is a herbaceous vine that has arrow shaped leaves that are pinnate, simple, alternate. Plant produces white or pale pink flower. Capsule holds black seeds and stems are green. The vine primarily remains close to ground and does best in direct sunlight and in moist soil, … Continue reading Day 9: Bindweed Read More


Pink knotweed is herbaceous and is located in partial shade to shady, moist environments that are along the edges of woodland areas but can also be further in forest. The stem is green and has fuzz on pinkish axils, but no fringe. Plant produces pink pom pom flower and is low-growing. Leaves are pinnate, entire, … Continue reading Day 9: Pink Knotweed Read More


This fern is petite and is found in partial shade, moist soils, and is part of the understory. It has three main stems with fronds that are highly divided and pinnate. It is generally a light green color. It is relatively common in woody areas but is small so sometimes hard to notice. Photos: https://goo.gl/photos/jVeX2a45nXMbptw69… Read More


This vine is abundant in many shaded, moist-soiled, areas around the Pony Pasture wetlands. It is common amongst ground ivy and greenbrier. The leaf is simple, alternate, dark green, shiny/waxy, has three lobes but with smooth edges, palmate veins that are impressed, vine and stems are green. Photos: https://goo.gl/photos/ZmG2X1MF84g9XqDLA… Read More


The Wisteria vine is located along the edge of trails but near trees, in light shade, moist soil, and it is invasive. Found near other low growing plants like ivy. Wisteria was not common. Leaflets are a slender elliptical shape and darker green, thick, not toothed, opposite, pinnately compound. Flowers vary in color. Produces peapod … Continue reading Day 8: Wisteria vine Read More


Moneywort has opposite, un-lobed leaves, smooth leaf edges, circular leaf shape, appear pinnately veined, and grows prostrate. It has 5 yellow petals that make up the flower which comes from the axil. This plant was found in a wet meadow (direct sunlight) among grass but can also be found in other moist areas like swamps. … Continue reading Day 8: Moneywort Read More


The White Ash tree grows best on well-drained, moist and rich soils. Tree was in sun to partial sun environment and was seen closer to edges. Bark: interlacing ridges that appear diamond shaped, ash gray to brown Leaves are opposite, pinnately compound, larger than Green Ash leaves (8-12 in), 7 smooth to tooth edges (can have … Continue reading Day 6: White Ash tree Read More