For our last lab outing, we went to Shiplock Park, near Richmond’s Shockoe Bottom, The Canal Walk, and The Capitol Trail.  This was a new park for me.  It wasn’t at all what I expected. The park is a small island (essentially) wedged between the canal and the river.  It looks like parts of it … Continue reading Shiplock Park Read More


Key Characteristics: Vine with compound alternately arranged leaves. There are 9-19 leaflets that are pinnately veined with a pointed tip and teeth.
Found In: On the ground in shady areas and on trees.
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Characteristics: Vine with podlike fruit. The leaves are heart shaped or triangular with opposite arrangement and are pinnately veined.
Found: In woody areas
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Characteristics: Vine with alternately arranged compound leaves. There are usually three leaflets that are fuzzy per leaf that are heart shaped or lobed. The leaflets are palmately veined. This vine can have purple flowers. Found: In areas with high sun near water and covering trees (extremely abundant).… Read More


Characteristics: Vine with alternate arranged leaves with a heart shaped base and pointy base. The leaves are pinnately veined. Found: In sunny open disturbed fields… Read More


Greenbriar is a vine that can be evergreen or deciduous, depending on climate. Its leaves are alternate, simple, heart shaped or 3-lobed, 2-5″ long, with smooth edges. This vine has thorns, so watch out! It can be found growing anywhere with enou…… Read More


This is Trumpet Creeper vine. In the warmer months, it has conspicuous orange trumpet shaped flowers that are a favorite of hummingbirds and ants. The leaves are opposite and compound (with 7-11 toothed leaflets).
Here is the fruit of the trumpet creep…… Read More


Key Characteristics:  Vine with pinnately compound leaves arranged oppositely. Each leaflet has coarse teeth and is shiny dark green colored. The stems are green and may have dry pod like fruit. Found: In open areas.… Read More


Key Characteristics: Vine with opposite simple oval shaped leaves without teeth. The leaves are pinnately veined. Black berries are present in pairs. Vine also has slender light brown twigs.
Found: In areas with moist soil and patchy sun.
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Key Characteristics: Vine with opposite simple oval shaped leaves without teeth. The leaves are pinnately veined. Black berries are present in pairs. Vine also has slender light brown twigs.
Found: In areas with moist soil and patchy sun.
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Japanese Hops vine
Paper Mulberry
Paper mulberry bark
Stinging nettle
Osage orange
Osage orange
Black locust
Grape Vine
Black willow
River birch
Pinkweed
Sundrops
False indigo
Ash fruit
Mulberry leaf
Mulberry banded bark
Ivy leaved morning glory
Virgin…… Read More


Spotted touch-me-not
Asiatic day flower
Tickseed sunflower
American Beech
Tomato plant
Unknown
Climbing hempweed
Wild potato vine
Pokeweed
False foxglove
Eastern joe-pye weed
American beech trunk
Loblolly vine
American Holly
Cattails

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This herbaceous vine has fall flowers. The flowers are white and are clustered, so flower parts are indistinguishable. The leaves are oppositely arranged and heart shaped. Generally this plant is located at the edge of the pond.

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Epifagus americana (beechdrops) is a parasitic plant that taps into the roots of the beech tree to obtain its nutrients. This plant can be found in the fall below beech trees. (Forest Hill Park in Richmond, Virginia).
Fagus grandifolia (American Beech …… Read More


Found at North Bank Oregon Hill The Angle Pod Vine has round leaves that have smooth edges. Flowers of the Angle Pod Vine are its most distinctive characteristic. These flowers are purple and generally star shaped. This Angle Pod Vine was found on a trail edge growing in partial sun. Additionally, the vine was growing … Continue reading Day 14 – Angle Pod Vine (Gonolobus suberosus) Read More


The site was the North Bank Trail The soil ranges from being moist to dry/rocky.  There were places with shade to direct sunlight.  The plants there seem to be well-developed, having more flowers and fruiting structures.  It is on a slope and beside a river.  Most places has low vegetation and other has thick vegetation […]… Read More


The site was located at Buttermilk Trail. It was on a slope  in shaded to direct sunlight. The soil was moist and has low vegetation and tall trees. Rare:  American Holly, Pokeweed Common: Vinca Vine, Potato Vine, Chinese Privet, Solomon Seal, Mulberry Abundance:  Blue violet, english ivy, poison ivy  … Read More


woody vine
compound leaf with 5 leaflets coming off same point.
Leaves have alternate arrangement.
prefers light ,moist, sandy, well drained and may tolerate shade as well
young stems are green and turn brown as they age.
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This is a vine with simple, alternate leaves. The leaves have 3 lobes, and smooth edges.There were 3 main veins. There is a white marking on mature leaves.The vine is green. The bark is woody and brown.  Near Crown Vetch and Tree of Heaven. Environment: patchy sun, intermediately moist soil, edge of trail. Rare.  … Read More


Plants we have already identified: Daisy fleabane – Found in grassy areas under direct, full sunlight in rocky, moist soil. Growing near the beginning of the trail by Oregon Hill. Found in abundance and near white clovers, slender bush clovers, and various grasses. Mimosa – Found along the shady area of the trail at the … Continue reading Day 14 – North Bank Trail – Oregon Hill Read More


The area consisted of a short trail that led to pipeline. The short trail had areas of patchy sunlight but no truly shaded parts. Along that trail one can find trumpet creeper (common), gamma grass (relatively uncommon), black locust (relatively uncommon), box elder (uncommon), wingstem (relatively common), grapevine (common), pawpaw (uncommon), mimosa (uncommon). All areas were … Continue reading Day 15: Belle Isle Pipeline site evaluation Read More


Location: Oregon Hill, North Bank Trail

Found on edges under partial sun
Rounded leaves with star shaped flower
Flower is purple and green
Found near Tree of Heaven

 
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Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands

vine
opposite, compound, no teeth
found in medium shaded areas to full sun
not to be confused with orange trumpet creeper whose leaves have teeth

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Location: Pony Pasture

Looks similar to Sassafras
leaves are deeply trilobed
sun: patchy sunlight to direct sunlight depending on time of day
soil: edge of trail, edge of parking lot

 
 
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Oriental Bittersweet found at Reedy Creek on 6/2/15. This woody vine produces alternate leaves with a serrated leaf margin that are round and come to a point. When the plant matures it can sometimes lose this pointedness. Found in patchy sunlight.… Read More


simple.alternate leaf arrangement, and toothed edges.
leaves are glossy and round with a pointy tip at the end
decideous.
flowers grow in clusters in axils.
grows on trail edges, forests, fields, and roadsides.
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Poison ivy, potato vine, English ivy, honeysuckle vine, strawberry bush, pawpaw, hackberry, blue violet, Chinese privet, Real Solomon’s seal, wood sorrel, Virginia creeper… Read More


Vine Leaves: opposite, compound – 3 leaflets, some have 3 separate leaves, some have mitten shape, pinnate Produces a purple, bell-shape like flower. Growing by the creek in moist soil. Found in Reedy Creek, Richmond, VA.… Read More


Vine
Leaves: opposite, simple, pinnate, smooth, oval shaped
Produces fragrant yellow or white flower. Invasive. Non-native. Grows along the edge of trail under patchy sun.
Found in Reedy Creek, Richmond, VA.
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Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands They have opposite, simple leaves.  Grow low to the ground, the leaf is greener on the top than the bottom.  Located in heavy shade and is mixed in with ground ivy.… Read More


Moonseed found at Reedy Creek on 6/1/15. This vine was found in the patchy sunlight and has variable leaf structures. The young leaves have three lobes, while the mature leaves tend to have  around five.  … Read More


Passionflower Vine
Location: Reedy Creek, June 2, 2015
The passionflower vine is a vine that has opposite and compound leaves. The leaves are lobed and some are highly divided and pinnately veined. The flower is purple with white on it.
Environment: …… Read More


Honeysuckle Vine
Location: Reedy Creek, June 2, 2015
The honeysuckle vine has simple, opposite leaves that are rounded. The stems are slightly pubescent and the flowers are yellow or white.
Environment: Found on the edge of a trail, in partial shade a…… Read More


Oriental Bittersweet Location: Reedy Creek, June 2, 2015 Oriental bittersweet is an invasive woody vine that has simple, alternate leaves, that are oval (almost heart shaped) and pointed at the ends, with teeth. Only the younger leaves have the pronounced point at the tips, the older leaves are more rounded. Environment: Found this vine wrapped … Continue reading Day 11: Oriental Bittersweet Read More


Angelpod
Location: Reedy Creek, June 2, 2015
Angelpod is a vine that has opposite, simple, heart shaped leaves that are palmately veined. The stem is slightly pubescent.
Environment: Found on the edge of a trail, low to the ground, in moist soil and …… Read More


Bindweed
Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands, May 29, 2015
Bindweed is a vine that has arrow-shaped leaves that are simple, alternate, slightly pubescent, with no teeth. It has a prostrate vine with tendrils for climbing.
Environment: Grows best in full s…… Read More


grown in banks of streams. moist areas, and dense groups of bushes.
leaves are palmate and have 3-7 lobes.
woody vine that can grow up to 7 meters.
lack tendrils.
 
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This vine, has opposite , simple leaves. The leaves are heart shaped, with smooth edges and palmate venation.  The stem is green and pubescent.    Environment: edge of the trail, patchy light, moist rocky soil, near a water source. Pawpaws were abundant in the area, and this vine was rare.  … Read More


Vine
Leaves: opposite, palmate, star shaped, lobed, toothed, no tendrils, has prickly stem
Part of the hemp family. Found in direct sunlight.
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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Vine
Leaves: opposite, compound, smooth, elliptical shape with base slightly wider thank tip, pinnate, green stem
Found in light shade. Invasive.
Found in Pony Pasture The Wetlands, Richmond, VA
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Leaves are shiny and oppositely arranged.
grows in heavy shaded area.
mix with ground ivy.
dark green leaves with white mid vein.
 
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Hogpeanut
Location: Pony Pasture, May 27, 2015
The hoppeanut is a vine that has 3 leaflets with no teeth (entire) that are simple and palmate. This plant grows on the edge of trails, and in light shade.
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Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands
-ground cover vine. Spreads and covers ground. Mixed in with Ground Ivy
-simple opposite broad and flat leaves
-Found in heavily shaded area
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Leaves: Alternate, simple, several main veins, heart shaped, smooth edges
Flowers: Small, yellowish-green, in clusters
Fruit: round berry, dark blue, black or red, often with a whitish bloom, in cluster
Stem: has tendrils, green

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Bindweed found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/29/15. This vine has arrowhead shaped leaves and produces tendrils that coil. It was found in an area with direct sunlight.… Read More


  Simple, opposite, and palmately divided in to 5 lobes. Vines feel rough and have spurs that helps grab on to  plants. Flowers are greenish Grows on semi- shade to no shade environment. prickly stem.… Read More


English ivy found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. The leaves of this vine are waxy and have three points with an overall square shape. Also, its leaves are distinct green, while its veins are white.… Read More


Wisteria found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This is an invasive vine with compound leaves that are not toothed. It can be found on the edge of the trail in lightly shaded environment.… Read More


Ground ivy found at the Pony Pasture Wetlands on 5/28/15. This vine grows with a square stem and has leaves that are covered with rounded teeth. It can be found in lightly shaded areas.… Read More


This vine has an arrow shaped leaf that is simple, alternate, and pubescent.  The stems are green. Bindweed produces pink and white, trumpet shaped flowers.  The fruit is a small, round, brown capsule, which contains 2 seeds.   This vine lives near a meadow and prefers direct sunlight.  Prostrate vine, but does have the ability … Continue reading Day 9: Bindweed Read More


Vinca is a vine, with opposite, simple leaves. The stems, and vine are green. Vinca is an oval shape, with smooth edges. They leaves have a waxy coating with pinnate venation.The bottom of the leaf is significantly lighter than the top. It is a prostrate vine, and prefers heavy shade. Grows with other ground plants … Continue reading Day 9: Vinca Read More


Hogpeanut found at Pony Pasture on the south trail on 5/27/15. This vine has clusters of three leaves similar to poison ivy, but has a few distinct differences. One difference is that hogpeanut has slightly fuzzy leaves. It can be found on the edges of trails in lightly shaded areas.… Read More


The invasive vine does best in dry to moderately moist forests and rocky areas. The leaves are alternate, simple, rounded with finely toothed edges. The flowers are clustered and yellowish-green along the stems. The fruit are round capsules that are orange to yellow-orange containing one seed. The bark is brown and smooth but becomes corky with … Continue reading Day 10: Oriental Bittersweet Read More


Found at Pony Pasture Wetlands They are a waxy top and lighter colored vein. Found spreading on trees and shrubs.  Low vegetation.  Near loblolly pines, boxelder, and pawpaw.  Moist soil and patchy sunlight.… Read More


 
Location: Pony Pasture Wetlands

Leaves look like mint
Square stems
Heart shaped leaves with rounded teeth
Alternate leaves
Found under light shade

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Greenbrier found at Pony Pasture on 5/26/15. Its leaves are simple and alternate, with the veins running parallel.The leaves are also dark green and oval shape. The stem of the vine sometimes has thorns.… Read More


Japanese hops found at Pony Pasture on 5/26/15. This is a vine that belongs to the hemp family and can be found with 4 lobes and 5 points on the leaves. Its leaves are also simple and opposite.

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Loves the meadow and light. This is an invasive vine.  The leaves are opposite and simple.  Similar to a star shape. They have 5 lobes with pointed tips, and serrated edges.  There is a main vein that runs through each lobe. The stem is green. The stem is prickly.… Read More


This vine has opposite, compound leaves.  No teeth on leaves and wavy edges. It has a green stem. It is an invasive species. The leaflets are elongated ovals, with a pointed tip.  This vine is found on the edge of the trail in light shade.… Read More


The leaves are simple, and alternately arranged. The leaves are heart shaped and doubly toothed.  This is a woody vine, with shaggy bark. The stems are green. The bark is brown.… Read More


This vine has compound, alternate leaves. There are 3 leaflets per leaf. The leaf edges are smooth.  The leaf has a single main vein in the center. The vine is green.  The leaflets are oval shaped with a pointed tip. This vine is found in the shade.… Read More


The Potato Vine has opposite, simple, smooth edged, pointed heart shaped leaves that express palmate veination. It prefers damp, well-drained soil. It was found in on the edge of the trail in moist soil under patchy sunlight. (habitat information obtained from http://www.bhg.com/gardening/plant-dictionary/annual/sweet-potato-vine/ )… Read More


This vine is abundant in many shaded, moist-soiled, areas around the Pony Pasture wetlands. It is common amongst ground ivy and greenbrier. The leaf is simple, alternate, dark green, shiny/waxy, has three lobes but with smooth edges, palmate veins that are impressed, vine and stems are green. Photos: https://goo.gl/photos/ZmG2X1MF84g9XqDLA… Read More


Patchy sunlight, variable vegetation spicebush-low, Pawpaw-high, orange trumpet-low, Virginia creeper-low, Box elder-low, American holly-med, sweetgum-high, sweet cicely-med, stinging nettle-low, mockernut hickory-low, English ivy-med, Hackberry-low, Red maple-low, honeysuckle-low   Photos: https://goo.gl/photos/krZgsYYiwAstsyUWA… Read More


The Wisteria vine is located along the edge of trails but near trees, in light shade, moist soil, and it is invasive. Found near other low growing plants like ivy. Wisteria was not common. Leaflets are a slender elliptical shape and darker green, thick, not toothed, opposite, pinnately compound. Flowers vary in color. Produces peapod … Continue reading Day 8: Wisteria vine Read More


  The Greenbriar woody vine has alternative, simple, elliptical, oblong, heart-shaped, smoothed edged leaves. It also has prickly vines and produces green/yellow, clustered, small flowers near the end of summer. It also has prickly vines and produces green/yellow, clustered, small flowers near the end of summer. It can be found in a variety of areas. … Continue reading Day 6, (woody vine) 10: Green Briar (Pony Pasture, RVA) Read More


Kudzu is an invasive vine that can climb high and cover trees/buildings. It mainly likes disturbed areas as well. Features: Leaves are alternate, compound, long leaf stem, leaflets that are 3-4 inches long and fuzzy, usually have a heart-shaped look but also can be lobed Flowers are purple to red blooming in late summer Fruit … Continue reading Day 2: Kudzu (invasive), Dogwood Dell, RVA Read More


Orange Trumpet is an invasive vine that has compound leaves with serrated edges. Leaves are coarsely toothed, opposite and pinnately compound, composed of 7-11 leaflets, high-climbing vine due to aerial roots, leaflets are shiny and dark green (USDA) Flowers bloom in late summer and are orange to red in color, tubular shape, in clusters Fruit is pod … Continue reading Day 5: Orange Trumpet/Trumpet Creeper Read More


Found at Dogwood Dell These native vines can be found in any location, wet or dry, in the coastal plain.  The leaves are alternating, palmately compound ranging from 4 to 8 inches.  They produce a berry that is not edible by humans.… Read More


 
Kudzo
Location: Dogwood Dell
Kudzo is an invasive plant that has compound leaves with three leaflets, and an alternating pattern. The vine does not have aerial roots, and the fruit is podlike.
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Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Location: Dogwood Dell
Poison ivy has three leaves, that can be shiny or not. It can grow like a vine or on the ground. This plant induces an allergic reaction in humans and should not be touched.
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Found at Dogwood Dell May Apples are vines that produce a green apple shape fruit only in May.  The spread along the ground with their long stems (length longer than 7 inches) connecting to their unique shaped leaves. It has roughly six deep lobes and six smaller lobes.… Read More


Found at Dogwood Dell The kudzu are invasive species.  The vine would climb up trees and block sunlight from reaching the tree.  They also spread on the ground. Kudzu have alternate, compound leaves. The leaves are approximately 6 to 8 inches long connected to a long stem.… Read More


Plant Type: vine Environment:  tracks of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight/shade slopes, sandy, dry soil/moist Stems: thin, green, has branches of flowers coming off it Leaves: broad/flat, 3 paired leaves, typical of a red spot where the leaves meet… Read More


Plant Type: vine Environment: eastern end of North Bank Trail, open field, direct sunlight, slopes, rocky, sandy, dry soil Stems:  green, thick Leaves: large and ovate with two to three lobes each and hair on the underside, compound, smooth margin,   … Read More


English Ivy
Hedera Helix
An open patch in the canopy led to some weird looking English Ivy. These were wavy, and with more lobes, and more upright than usual.

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Poison Ivy
Toxicodendron radicans
Another poison ivy example. Why climb, when you can just grow up to the light? This one and a few others near it were sort of bush/shrub like. A few had some immature berries

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Honeysuckle Vine Lonicera japonica The younger leaves of Honeysuckle vines are often lobed and can be mistaken for oak leaves… but they are still oppositely arranged. A good example of temporal / developmental plasticity.… Read More


English Ivy
Hedera helix
A patch of English Ivy that established in the shade of some overstory growth. At this point it is choking out other ground cover and is well established.

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Trefoil
Incertae sedis
A trefoil vine seen growing amongst other vines in a shady area of the trail. Leaves are trifoliate with some white blotching in the center of each leaflet. Leaves often have straight edges. Leaves are light and thin, attractive.

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Found growing near the stream along the North Bank Trail.  This is most likely a Black swallowwort.  The plant has purple-yellow, radially symmetrical flowers with simple, heart shaped, opposite leaves. It is an invasive species.… Read More


Plant Type: Vine Environment: buttermilk trail, moist soil, shaded area, some slopes Stems: green, thin Leaves: broad/flat and pinnately veined, smooth margin, simplistic,… Read More


Plant Type: vine Environment: buttermilk trail, moist soil, shaded area, some slopes Stems: thin, green, has branches of flowers coming off it Leaves: broad/flat, 3 paired leaves, typical of a red spot where the leaves meet  … Read More


Kudzu
Pueraria montana
An aggressive climbing vine. Does well in disturbed environments. Requires high sun to flourish. Leaves are trifoliate, and generally look like poison ivy leaves, but the leaflets of the kudzu are palmately veined instead of pinn…… Read More


Plant Type: vine Environment: buttermilk trail, moist soil, shaded area, some slopes Stems: thin, green, has branches of flowers coming off it Leaves: road/flat, opposite, and compound. Leaflets: singly toothed. Flowers: trumpet shaped and orange in color… Read More


Purple Passionflower
Passiflora incarnata
A vine or elongated herb, with trilobate leaves and palmate venation. Flower buds shown on this individual. Once open, flowers will be large and showy with many frilly purple and white petals.

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Found along the shady path at the bottom of a slope, on the Eastern Most section of the North Bank trail. Invasion of the Ivy!! This invasive  species spreads rapidly and is poisonous if ingested. It has simple, broad, flat, lobed, alternate leaves. It can be found growing along forest edges and in under-stories.… Read More


Grapevine
Vitis sp.
Ash
Fraxinus sp.
A giant grapevine growing on and into the canopy of a giant ash tree! These plants have been growing together for a while it seems, but neither has died. If the grape were an invasive vine instead, like the Japanese…… Read More


This is an unknown vine we saw in the field.  It was found in an open canopy with  high intensity of sunlight.  It has a purple flower as you can see in the picture.… Read More


As you can see on this poison ivy the bugs have been eating it which may be on reason we didn’t see much on this side of the north bank trail.… Read More


Rarely found along the sunny path of the North Bank Trail. This poisonous vine has broad, flat, alternate, compound, toothed leaves each containing three leaflets. The plant excretes a rash causing chemical called urushiol, along its vines and leaves.
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Found on the Eastern Most End of the Northbank Trail; this invasive vine has seemed to swallow everything whole in the sunny location where it is found.  It is known to grow a couple of feet per day!  It has thick, tri-folate, lobed, palmately veined leaves with fuzzy petioles.… Read More


Found growing with lots of herbaceous plants around. Found in fairly moist soil with lots of humus. Plant was situated in partial shade near the Texas Beach on the North Bank trail.
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Growing out in mostly direct sun with little canopy. Dry soil with lots of organic matter. Veins are not red like in some of there places. Found near the Texas Beach entrance of the North Bank trail.
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Found right on the trail. Found under canopy cover in dry soil with humus. Growing near the Texas Beach entrance along the North Bank trail.
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Leaves arranged in a trifoliate pattern. The middle leaflet is wider than the other two. Found in a wet area under the cover of shade. Soil is moist with lots of humus.
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Growing near some kudzu. In dry soil with partial to full sun. Lots of organic matter. Plant has five lobes with pointed tips. Found on the eastern end of the North Bank trail.
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Climbing coiling vine that is extremely invasive. Trifoliate egg shaped leaflets with a hairy margin. Looks vaguely like poison ivy. Found in direct full sun with dry soil. Found on the eastern part of the North Bank Trail.
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Matelea gonocarpos Opposite paired leaves, lacking tendrils, elongate heart-shaped leaves, flower in 5 parts, yellow/golden petals with deep purple center. Pinnately veined, commonly found in moist environments, near waterways and in full to partial sun.… Read More


Found growing on a slope in full sun. Environment is somewhat moist. Lots of organic matter covering the ground. Found on the eastern end of the North Bank Trail.
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Typically growing as a vine on top of other plants or very low to the ground. These particular plants have longer stems that are comparatively thick. Found in full sun, moist soil with thick humus layer. Growing along Buttermilk Trail.
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English Ivy growing in partial shade. Leaves that are in full sun are misshapen and asymmetrical. Growing in moist soil. Found on Buttermilk Trail.
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Small plant with white and purple flowers. Alternate and compound leaves. Found growing in a big patch in full direct sunlight. Soil is dry with lots of organic matter. Present near the path at Reedy Creek.
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Small fast growing vine with leaves about the size of a quarter. Growing on the edge of the path in partial shade. Soil is wet and near a body of water.
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Abundant in shady areas where the canopy cover is dense. Soil is very wet with some sand present and lots of organic matter. Leaves up higher are lighter green and leaves closer to the ground are darker green.
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Growing in the areas where sun is coming through from the canopy and absent from the particularly shady spots. Large patches growing where there is sun. Wet environment with partial shade from canopy.
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Growing under the canopy in almost full shade. Wet soil with thick humus layer. Large patches where the canopy cover is most dense.
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Found on the Buttermilk Trail, this Honeysuckle vine shows evidence of growth plasticity. This is seen where the leaves at the base look different than the leaves at the edge of the vine.
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This vine has compound leaves that opposite compound leaves with small lobes that look like teeth.  This vine has a single leaflet on the end of the vine.  This vine is typically found in an open canopy.… Read More


Wisteria (Wisteria)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined, pointed leaflets with curled margins. No teeth or lobes. Alternate and pinnately compound leaf pattern. Invasive.
Partly shady moist area near river.
Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.

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Cinnamon Vine (Dioscorea polystachya) aka Chinese Yam
Broad, flat, palmately veined, glossy, heart-shaped leaves. No teeth. Variable leaf pattern with tendrils.
Shady, moist hilltop.
Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.

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Hog-Peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata)
Broad, flat, ovate, pointed, pinnately veined, trifoliate leaflets. Alternate leaf pattern.
Shady, moist understory of woodsy area.
Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.

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English Ivy Vine (Hedera helix) Broad, palmately veined leaves. No teeth. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. Palmately lobed (5) and rounded. Invasive. Shady, moist understory of woodsy area with nearby creek. Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.… Read More


Kudzu Vine (Pueraria lobata)
Invasive. Broad, flat, tri-lobed, pointed, palmately veined, trifoliate leaves. No teeth. White underside.
Open, direct sunlight off the trailside.
Found at North Bank Trail in Richmond, VA. Abundant.

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As we saw earlier poison ivy comes in three leaves however as you see here this leaf is not lobbed like my previous picture.… Read More


 
Creeping vine with oblong, heart-shaped leaves that contain no teeth or lobes. Found in the shade along the embankment of the James river. Leaves are generally 5-6 inches in length.
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English Ivy found in shaded moist conditions in many different soil types, hardy ground covering vine.  Palmately veined leaves with 3-5 lobes.  Broad flat waxy shiny leaves which are wide with the central lobe being more pronounced. In the case of plasticity the lobes can be longer and more narrow depending on the stresses placed […]… Read More


Absolutely everywhere in the open sunlight on northbank. Pinnate leaves with 3 lobes and a pointed tip. Good climber and invasive aggressive.

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This species of grape vine abundantly grew up a slope, in the edge of trail. This moist soil environment also contained other plants such as spleenworts.

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-smells good
-looks like poison ivy has 3 leaves
-vine
-very invasive
-Eastern most end of North Bank Trail
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Characteristics: Very invasive- grows few feet per day. Compound, 3 leaflets. Under direct sun, sandy soil. Associated with grasses. Abundand.
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Grows at an extremely rapid rate. Trifoliate. Climbs to the canopy and shades out large trees as well as understory plants.
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Trumpetvine;  Orange trumpetvine – Invasive Found in sunny and shady locations along Belle Isle, Reedy Creek, Buttermilk Trail and North Bank Trail.  Found abundantly on Belle Isle, Reedy Creek and Buttermilk trail. Pinnately compound leaves, toothed margin, elongate shape coming to a point at the tip; Orange trumpet shaped flowers in clusters or 4    … Read More


 Compound leaflets, flowers start out as green to orange pods that then bloom into a pinkish orange flower that is like a funnel. Found in full sun, climbing a fence. Sandy/rocky soil… Read More


Japanese Knotweed
Fallopia japonica
Grows as a sprawling herb, or vine. Leaves are large and roughly deltoid. Alternate. Petioles and midribs often red. Invasive, grows in disturbed habitats

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English Ivy
Hedera helix
Growing in the shade at buttermilk trail and loving it, this was just one sprig of a larger infestation

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Characteristics: Broad, flat, simple leaves. This one shows developmental plasticity – leaves close to the base are different than the one on the top. Under shade, humid soil.… Read More


Characteristics: Waxy, not soft leaves with 3 lobes. The plant on the left shows plasticity – larger, lighter color leaves. Under shade, humid soil.… Read More


Comparison of right vs. left sides of the Buttermilk Trail (west of Reedy Creek): The ivy on the right is downhill of the left and in a more shaded, moist area. This ivy is fuller than the left side. The left is more patchy. The location of these two gives them a different morphology and […]… Read More


  An example of plasticity, this Greenbriar has uncharacteristic features compared to Greenbriar seen at Belle Isle. This Greenbriar lacks thorns, has a woody stem, and contains leaves that are darker and waxier.… Read More


Wisteria
Wisteria sp.
A climbing woody vine with pinnately compound leaves. Leaflets have a wavy margin. Flowers purple to white, papilionaceous, and sweet scented. Fruit borne as legumes.

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Vinca or Periwinkle
Vinca minor
Small herbaceous plant or vine. Leaves opposite, ovate, and deeply green with a glossy sheen.

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Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek, in the shady understory along the trail.  Toothed, compound leaves on this vine which sprouts orange flowers.… Read More


Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek.  Growing in the shade along the path, the Grape Vine has broad, flat, toothed, palmately veined leaves, which produces grape type fruit.… Read More


Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek. This vine has long, slender, pinnately veined, dark green leaves.  Found along the trail in a shady environment.… Read More


Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek. Vine with broad, flat, compound leaves with three leaflets. Found in the shady understory along the trail.
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Found on a shady part of the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek.  Although the stalks appear to be growing separately, the vine which connects them runs underground.  The leaves are broad, flat, heart shaped with smooth edges. Commonly mistaken for violet.… Read More


Found on the Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek.  These three-leaved, urushiol excreting vines were displaying their characteristic trait of growing out from the host tree like woody branches.… Read More


Characteristics: broad, flat, compound leaves. Vine. Flower is in bright orange color in the form of trumpet. This particular one grows on clay and silt soil that drains well, on an edge of a rod, next to a train line. Common. Sun. No slope. The plant…… Read More


 
-3 paired leaves
-fruit
-shady area
-sandy, silt soil
-found close to water
allergic reaction
Toxicodendron radicans
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-found intertwined with american elm tree -on fruit vine -plant plasticity –> not as many thorns on this particular green briar vine Genus:  Smilax -vine -palmately veined -leaves have smooth margins -stems have thorns… Read More


Characteristics: Alternate, palmate leaves. Have thorns and fruits. Common. Found on the edge of not dry meadow and forest, on clay and silt soil that can hold water but drains well. Partly shady, partly sunny. About 10-15 feet from water. The plant w…… Read More


Plant Type: Vine
Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil
Stems: green, thin
Leaves: simple, alternate, small, pinnately veined?, smooth margin, round shape

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Plant type: Vine Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil Stems: green woody stems Leaves: simple, alternate, toothed margin, pinnately veined… Read More


Plant type: Vine Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil, abundant Leaves: broad/flat leaves with distinct lobes.… Read More


Plant Type: Vine Environment: Edge of the creek, shaded area, close to water, moist soil Stems: green, thin, thorns Leaves: simple, alternate, palmately veined, smooth margin… Read More


Plant Type: Vine Environment: beginning of the tracks towards the creek , open field with a lot of sun/shaded area, close to water, moist soil Stems: green, thin Leaves: round shape, rounded lobes on their edges, attach to the stems in an opposite arrangement… Read More


Cinnamon Vine
Dioscorea sp.
Trailing vine often seen winding up stems. Leaves heart shaped with palmate venation. Purple can often be seen in the veins and petioles of the leaves. Also called the potato vine.

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Characteristics: Broad, flaternate, simple palmate leaves. Fruit. Vine. Common. Found on sandy,moist soil under shade. Associated with Sycamore tree.
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This vine is native to Eastern North America. It has broad/flat leaves that are palmately lobed and palmately veined, with 3-7 shallow lobes, occasionally rounded and unlobed. The root is a rhizome. It produces fruit. … Read More


This vine has three distinctive teeth. The leaves are different shades of green and are palmately veined. The leaves are opposite from the tendles.

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English Ivy (Hedera helix)
Broad, palmately veined leaves. No teeth. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. Palmately lobed (5) and rounded. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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English Ivy (Hedera helix)
Broad, palmately veined leaves. No teeth. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. Palmately lobed (5) and rounded. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Broad, flat pinnately veined, toothed leaflets. Palmately compound leaves (mostly 5). No lobes.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA

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Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Broad, flat pinnately veined, toothed leaflets. Palmately compound leaves (mostly 5). No lobes.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA

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Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. No teeth or lobes. Opposite and simple leaf pattern. Pleasant sweet odor. White and yellow flowers. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. No teeth or lobes. Opposite and simple leaf pattern. Pleasant sweet odor. White and yellow flowers. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Broad/flat leaves that are pinnately veined. The leaves are in the simplest form and have a arrow-like shape to them. It is typically found near water and a white flower blooms from it.

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Compound leaves with smooth margins, PInnately veined with widely-spaced veins. Very vivacious and will grow all over everything. Purple flowers in droopy bunches when it blooms.
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Shady, few open spots in canopy, minimal moisture.
Ground Ivy-abundant
Poison Ivy-abundant
Honey Suckle-common
pawpaw-abundant
garlic mustard-uncommon
sorrel-common
hackberry-uncommon
poke weed-uncommon
Trumpet vine
grape vine
privet
Tree of heaven
eng…… Read More


Mini- stream flows between site 9 and 10. Moist, more of an open canopy, very green.   Paper Mulberry-abundant Privet-common English Ivy-abundant Hackberry-common Grape Vine-Common Solomon’s Seal-uncommon Green ash Violet Holly-uncommon wild strawberry-common Boxelder greenbriar  … Read More


Wisteria (Wisteria)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined, pointed leaflets with curled margins. No teeth or lobes. Alternate and pinnately compound leaf pattern. Invasive.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Cinnamon Vine (Dioscorea polystachya) aka Chinese Yam
Broad, flat, palmately veined, glossy, heart-shaped leaves. No teeth. Variable leaf pattern with tendrils.
Buttermilk Trail, Richmond, VA.

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Hop Vine (Humulus lupulus)
Broad, flat, palmately veined leaves that are toothed. Palmately lobed with pointed lobes and deep sinuses. Simple and alternate leaf pattern.
Front tip of Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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Plot #9 was called Buttermilk Spring.  Running water contributed to its muddy, wet environment and there was ample sunlight. An abundance of English Ivy was present here.  Common plants seen here were Spice Bushes and Paper Mulberry trees. Uncommon plants included Pawpaw, Poke Weed, Hackberry trees (2 present), Virginia Creeper, Ground Ivy, Grape Mahonia, American […]… Read More


  This was Plot #6 on Buttermilk Trail, East of Reedy Creek at the 22nd Street Entrance. The right side of the first picture shows the shady side of the plot which had low sunlight and dark, moist soil.  This side contained an abundance of Poison Ivy, English Ivy, and Norway Maple trees. A common […]… Read More


Toxicodendron radicans
Poison Ivy is a vine that has variable leaves. Some are toothed some are not. The leaf size has a little variability. The leaves are pinnately veined and seen in groups of three. Stems can sometimes be red, but not always. This…… Read More


unknown herbaceous plant, likely Oriental Bittersweet, Celastrus orbiculatus alternate, simple, pinnate, more teeth than veins, rounded smooth teeth pointing upwards, flat circular leaves coming to a point at the top and base, found in shaded understory among english ivy and low lying herbaceous plants in moist conditions… Read More


-very simple, compound leaves
-similar to trumpet vine, except trumpet vine is toothed as opposed to this
-3rd soil sample taken here
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Also known as the periwinkle vine, opposite leaves that are shiny and grouped in fours. Nice dark green color. Found on buttermilk.

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These are the leaves and stem of the hops vine. 5 lobed palmate veined leaves tiny spurs on the stem cause it to have an almost sticky feel.

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Honeysuckle Vine -Lonicera japonica  Found on the south rd. of Belle Isle Key Identifying Features:  Invasive woody vine. Leaves are opposite, produces fragrant white and yellow tubular flowers.  … Read More


Virginia Creeper – Parthenocissus quinquefolia  Found on the south rd. of Belle Isle Key Identifying Features: Woody deciduous vine, leaves include 5 leaflets. Leaflets margins are toothed, pointed at the tip, pinnately veined.  … Read More


Opposite, compound leaves with toothed leaflets. Pinnate venation, orange, trumpet-shaped flowers.… Read More


Tendrils opposite from leaves, which have 3 smooth lobes each with one main vein. Ornate purple and white flowers when blooming.… Read More


A vine that is palmately compound with 5 leaflets. Extraordinarily hardy, some was observed growing several stories up a pillar of solid concrete.… Read More


Photo by Jill Reid
3 leaflets, red stems when stressed, Loves moist, shaded environments.
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Photo by Jill Reid
alternate, palmately veined, singly toothed leaves shaped a bit like a maple leaf.
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Photo by Jill Reid
Opposite leaves, heart-shaped to 5 lobes, palmately veined. White flowers and red berries.
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Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea)
Broad, fan-shaped, palmately veined leaves with rounded teeth and a single deep sinus near the base of the leaf. Opposite and simple leaf pattern.
Top of Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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English Ivy (Hedera helix)
Broad, palmately veined leaves. No teeth. Simple and alternate leaf pattern. Palmately lobed (5) and rounded. Invasive.
South Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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Common Moonseed (Menispermum canadense)
Broad, flat, palmately veined rounded leaves. Shallow lobes or no lobes.
North Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Broad, flat, pinnately veined leaves. Alternate and compound leaf pattern with 3 leaflets. No thorns or teeth. Touch can lead to itchy rash or blisters.
North Belle Isle, Richmond, VA.

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English Ivy Hedera helix VERY INVASIVE Broad, flat. simple leaves, palmately veined with 5 lobes, darker leaf tissue when compared to veins, vine stem is red or purple.  No teeth, wide lobes, slightly wavy margin.  Grows along underbrush as a vine and up along tree trunks.  Very invasive, in the Araliacaea family, these vines were […]… Read More


Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia White this ground ground covering vine shares the commonwealth’s name it does not share Virginia’s boarders, growing up and down the North American continent as far west as the Rockies.  Virginia Creeper is a good example of an alternately palmately compound plant, the broad flat leaflets grow from a central axillary […]… Read More


Moonseed
Menispermum canadense
Trailing vine with large palmate leaves.
Habit

Leaves

Close-up of leaf

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Grape Vine
Vitis sp.
Trailing vine with tendrils and shield shaped leaves, may or may not be lobed. Palmate.
Habit

Leaves

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Honeysuckle Vine Lonicera japonica INVASIVE This variety of Honeysuckle found on Belle Isle is most likely the Japanese Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica which rapidly grows and can over take make other plants.  The vine has broad, flat, pinnately veined simple leaves, three to five inches long, which grow opposite on the stem.  The pleasant fragrance and unique trumpet-like […]… Read More


English Ivy Very Invasive Broad, flat. simple leaves, palmately veined with 5 lobes, darker leaf tissue when compared to veins, vine stem is red or purple.  No teeth, wide lobes, slightly wavy margin.  Grows along underbrush as a vine and up along tree trunks.  Very invasive. Found at most all sights on Belle Island and […]… Read More


Poison Ivy Toxicodendron radicans Broad flat, simple leaf, in groups of three with a few widely spaced teeth if present, axially bud may appear red, leaves are pinnately veined.  Grows as a vein along larger trees, as a shrub and into small trees when the environment allows.  Found on the south side of the island […]… Read More


Characteristics: Vine with flat, broad leaves. Torns are present. Alternate leaves. Palmate pattern.
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This is actually a vine, the leaves just look like violet leaves. Found on the upper part of belle isle.

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This was found on the southside of Bell isle. Leaves have 4-6 lobes and palmate venation. The seeds of this plant are poisonous.
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This was found on the southside of bell isle. It is characterized by a heart-shaped leaf with palmate venation. The veins and stems of the leaves are dark purple. It is a member of the morning glory family.
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This was found on the southiside of bell isle. It has a coarsely toothed leaf margin and palmate venation. It grows near the ground.
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This was found on the southside of bell isle. It has a simple, opposite leaf arrangement, with very large teeth on the leaf margin.
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This was found on the south side of bell isle. It has a simple, alternate leaf arrangement with smooth margins. The waves have a kind of undulating pattern to them and appear wavy

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The leaves are three lobed, and some are often darker than others. Tendrils are arranged opposite from the leaves. This was found on the southside of bell isle
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Poison Ivy
Toxicodendron radicans
Long trailing vine, hairy appearance to the stem. Leaves trifoliate and palmately compound. Often smooth on one side of a leaflet and slightly serrated on the other. White berries when present. Very plastic phenotype, …… Read More


Trumpet vine
Campsis radicans
Sprawling vine with pinnately compound leaves. Leaflets serrated on the edges.
Habit

Leaves

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Virginia creeper
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Trailing vine. Leaves palmately compound, serrated leaflet edges, slightly waxy.
Habit

Leaves

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Japanese honeysuckle
Lonicera japonica
Woody vine with opposite simple ovate leaves. Flowers common. Early flower white, later flowers yellow.
Buds and leaves

Honeysuckle vine with greenbriar in foreground

Honeysuckle flowers (again with greenbriar …… Read More


Greenbriar sp.
Smilax
Trailing vine, monocot, with tendrils and thorns. Leaves alternate, parallel venation, leaf shape is very plastic, but generally leaves are heart shaped.
Habit

Close up of leaves

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Purple Veins, heart shaped, alternate, pointed, flowers have cinnamon fragrance and are white or green/yellow (not pictured) (http://na.fs.fed.us/spfo/invasiveplants/factsheets/pdf/chinese-yam.pdf)

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**NOT a Morning Glory, but easily confused with it – which is why we have it posted here for comparison purposes.***  Dioscorea batatus According to VT Weed ID site, this is a Cinnamon Vine, which is commonly confused with Morning Glory.  A distinguising characteristic is the bronze “tint” to young leaves. Other common names include:… Read More


Invasive: Honeysuckle Vine

Can be flowering shrubs or vines, yellow or white flowers, sweet smell
Location: Belle Isle South Trail

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Virginia Creeper Vine

Leaves are palmate
Location: Belle Isle South Trail

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Invasive: English Ivy Vine

Almost impossible to kill, palmate venation, white veins
Location: Belle Isle South Trail

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Poison Ivy Vine

Alternate leaves, compound, three leaflets
Location: Belle Isle South Trail

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The Greenbrier vine (Smilax rotundifolia) grew densely on the edge of the trail, along the bottom of Belle Isle.  The leaves were 5 inches in length, heart shaped and leathery feeling.            … Read More