- It has been shown through research that feelings displayed on Facebook are contagious. If you see more positive posts than negative posts, then you start posting more positive posts as well.
1. The passage gives no signal phrase as to whose research is being cited or what its about and the links give no information on what it contains. The next sentence proceeds to give a quote without a signal phrase or quotation marks.
2. There have been studies done on Facebook and all the emotions related to posts. “We have enough power in this data set to show that emotional expressions spread online and also that positive expressions spread more than negative.”
2. The passage gives a small signal phrase by stating that its research is on Facebook but the quote is not cited and is not given any elaboration.
3. Researchers in a new study have found that feelings displayed on Facebook are contagious. They found enough data to show that “emotional expressions spread online and also that positive expressions spread more than negative.”
3. The “researchers” are not identified in the passage but the study is clearly linked. The quote cites that somebody had said the quote, but is only identified as “they,” but offers a small signal phrase.
4. In a new study, researchers from University of California, San Diego have found that feelings displayed on Facebook are contagious. Publishing a paper in the journal PLOS ONE, the team analyzed over a billion anonymous status updates from more than 100 million Facebook subscribers across the United States and found that positive posts beget positive posts and negative posts beget negative posts. They said that while both are common on the site, the positive posts are more influential. They concluded, “We have enough power in this data set to show that emotional expressions spread online and also that positive expressions spread more than negative.”
4. This passage is most effective through its clear use of understandable signal phrases that call back to the original source. The researchers from the University of California are immediately given credit for their work. The journal’s name is clearly stated as to where the paper was published. The researchers’ findings are more elaborated on and the quote that ends the passage begins with the signal phrase “they concluded.”