Janet Chafetz is one of the most ambitious feminist theorists committed to explaining gender inequality. Chafetz argues, that two types of forces withstand a system of gender inequality. The first being, those that are coercive and those that are voluntary acts by individuals. Chafetz, notes that these forces are interrelated but theorizes the two separately. Chafetz relates coercive bases of gender inequality on a macro-level of labor division in a society. When this division is gendered, meaning: work is defined and distributed based on a person’s sex; typically males will receive more resources than women will. Throughout time, men have had advantages in the macro-level division of labor. Women therefore, are left to lead domestic family work because men control elite positions.
Chafetz theorizes voluntary bases of gender inequality as, individuals “voluntarily” make choices based on the gender roles that have been passed down through their families. Chafetz, highlights that once the forces for maintaining this system are understood, then we can begin to change them. Chafetz also argues that this change can be made through the types of jobs available to well-educated women entering the workforce.
In our last class discussion, we were asked to blog about misogyny. The irony about writing this blog is that, the internet has helped maintain misogyny. The Web actually has a surprising degree of inequality. Well-off white men are wildly overrepresented in the tech industry. Social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter and SnapChat have all male founders. Even though women are educated and prepared for the technology workforce, the argument against sexism the workplace unfortunately hasn’t changed much. If there’s room to cogitate all types of apps, websites and thingamajigs, why isn’t there enough room for women to work alongside the men?