The Great Migration was initiated by the end of the Great Immigration from Europe. The Great Immigration was followed by World War I and the restrictive legislation. It took place from the 1920s to the 1970s. Cities such as Chicago, New York, and Boston grew into industrial metropolises. Until the 1970s migration remained high when decentralization and the minority movement to the South reversed the process.
Most African Americans migrants settled in central-city neighborhoods much like earlier European immigrants. For lower resources and group preferences, residential segregation was reflected mostly by the Europeans. Immigrants started to branch out and move out of their traditional ethnic enclaves once they gained education and income. Blacks have also done that but some confined and isolated themselves in their racial ghettos. Index of dissimilarity is used to measure the relative separation of groups across all neighborhoods.
Lack of resources to get a quality education, health care, and public services are consequences that can happen due to living in segregated communities. African Americans lack the necessary schooling and communication skills for work in the service of their choosing. As for inner-city residents, they lack economic opportunities and there are few community
I believe that people choose to live in segregated communities because they like to live with their own people. Live would be easier around those similar to you, but then again it could be beneficial to live with other people who are different from you, so you can learn from one another, but people have their preferences.
The fastest growing group are the Hispanics. They consist of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central and South Americans. By no surprise Hispanics outnumber African Americans and are seen more in Albuquerque, Dallas, Denver, Houston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New York, Phoenix, Salt Lake City, and San Francisco. Many of the first-generation Hispanic Americans bunch up in ethnic neighborhoods, which repeats patterns
The minority group that experiences discrimination and prejudice at the highest level are the Muslim people. Even though they follow the nonviolent teachings of their religion ever since the attack on September 11th, there have been suspicions towards them.
Native people tend to live in rural areas, especially near steady reservations. Native people are one of three groups, First Nations (Indians), Inuit (Eskimos), or Metis (a mixture of First Nations and French Canadians).
The interrelationship between the built environment and women’s everyday life is known as gendered spaces. What made the division of labor stand out more was the workplace. Men and women performed different tasks based on their gender lines. Women did domestic services and teaching while men did tasks in relation to medicine and law.
The women who worked outside of their homes were typically poor women and unmarried women looking for work in the city. Millions of the Irish moved to North American cities to seek a better future in the nineteenth century. There was a high number of Irish households headed by women because many of their husbands had passed away due to industrial accidents. Later on in time, women began to work outside of their home, in fact the percentage of working women increased in the middle-class lifestyle.
The dual market force began in the 1970s. Five years later (1975), 45% of married mothers of children under the age of 18 worked for pay and tried to send their children to college. Having that extra source of income helped mothers achieve their goal of sending their own to college.
When a large number of women entered the workforce, many jobs were created. Careers such as child care, household cleaning, lawn care, and shopping assistance to the working women.
In conclusion, I do not think women were kept in mind when the built environment was designed. There have been set norms for a long time now saying that the husband would be the main provider for the family, the breadwinner, and the mother was just there to do domestic work. Women being the strong individuals they are had to fight for their right to work and now help their spouses tremendously because of the two incomes they make. More income could mean living a better life with their family.