All posts by Maryam Kaymanesh

Synthesis Matrix

Why secondary art classes should teach social media in the classroom to prepare students for their future higher education and careers.

Secondary art classes should teach social media in the classroom to prepare students for their future higher education and careers because:

Name of Authors Learning how to properly us social media in high school will help art students be more prepared for higher education classes and to market themselves to find their future careers. Social media can help students find inspiration and other artist’s work that will help them develop their own style. Students will be able to receive critique on their work and give feedback with peers through social media, developing a learning community. The development of an online portfolio can help students keep their work organized and easily accessible in a boundless space.
Castro, Juan   Sophie Lee, a student interviewed by Juan Castro said she like how social media has made it so she can incorporate her own ideas with styles of work that she admires. Social media has made it so that people can gather across time and space to share their ideas. A student named Gaelan Knoll developed a photographic portfolio and put it online. He had very good experiences with it.
Kim, ChanMin Technology is a part of our everyday lives and should be taught to students. Student achievement is dependent on what they are exposed to and in what way they are being taught. They need to be exposed to outside ideas.    
Erixon, Per-Olof Different school subject benefit more from the use of media and ICT in the classroom. More interactive subjects are more efficient with the use of media and ICT There are above and below influences. Above is formal classroom type influences, below are informal outside of classroom. Today students are bringing the below influences into the classroom and making them more formal. Communication between student and teacher is very important and media and ICT can help this process be clearer. The teacher can give better feedback and more often.  
Greenberg, Gary Students need some guidance to develop and electronic portfolio for a job interview.

This is where teaching students in school how to create one for each scenario is good. Employers do not always have time to go through every piece of art every created by a student. Selection is very important.

  People do not have to be together anymore to share work. They can do it over social media using an electronic portfolio.

Electronic portfolios leave a lot of room for critique from people not only in a student’s classroom.

Electronic portfolios can be divided into sections to organize different types of work.


“Organization of work can make it easier for work to be systematically reviewed.”


Presenting organized work will be easier.

Gordon, Serena Children need to know how to use social media appropriately. There are a lot of misuses for social media, like inappropriate pictures, comments, and bullying. This could be avoided.

The misuse of social media can make it difficult for students to find a job.

Social media is a place for kids to connect to the world and with their friends.


Pediatrics say kids log onto their favorite social media page more than 10 times a day.

Social media is proven to encourage kids to connect with each other and express their creativity.


Children need to be more media literate so this sharing is done properly.

Bauer, Carol Students need to be adapted to new changing technology. They need to be prepared for future classes or jobs by being aware of how to use these new technologies.

“Students need to be responsible digital citizens.”

Counter argument: Students misuse social media to mess around and distract themselves from school.

Social media can server as a gateway to further learning.

There are many online pages full of educational information that is good for kids at different ages.



Counter argument: Kids can stumble upon very inappropriate information on the internet.


Students and teachers can use social media to enhance instruction. (Through a learning community)

Online discussions provide a space for more shy students to open up and share their opinion.

Her students chat with students across the world each year using social media.

Counter argument: Kids can be very abusive over social media. Cyber bullying is a huge issue today.

Innovative technology makes the web beneficial for people of all different ages and interests (this can be applied to art students and how electronic portfolios are a technological advancement so the web is beneficial for them too)
Richardson, Karen “Teachers go wild on the web” is an article discussed where teachers lose their jobs from using social media properly.

Students mix social media slang with academic writing. They should be taught that slang is not bad, but should be separated from academic writing.

“ I can pretty much guarantee that unless your future job is hermit, you will, either as an employee or employer, ask these kinds of questions. “

Whatever your passion or area of study, social media can help you connect with others in the field.”


She explains how the web can be used to teach yourself what you are interested in. You can explore anyone or anything that you want to know more about.

Social media is where people go to connect with others. If it was not for twitter, I would never have gotten the great response from Karen Richardson about how social media is beneficial, but should be taught to be used properly to students.  
Cohn, Ellen A well-developed electronic portfolio can be brought to a job interview and can land an artist a job.

More convenient and impressive because it takes less space and can be developed with great quality if the student is taught how to create an e-portfolio properly.

  Electronic portfolios can work in a way to help link individuals to a larger community. e-portfolios are the “got to have it tool”

Electronic portfolios are considered cutting edge technology for higher education classes

It is a lifetime personal web space

Counter argument: Some people find electronic portfolios to be less personal. Some forms of art are meant to take up a space, be felt and interacted with.


Bauer, C. (2012, June 1). Social Media in Your Classroom. . Retrieved July 8, 2014, from

Castro, J. (2012). Learning and Teaching Art Through Social Media. Studies In Art Education, 53(2), 152-169.

Cohn, E., & Hibbitts, B. (2004, November 4). Beyond the Electronic Portfolio: A Lifetime Personal Web Space. . Retrieved July 8,2014, from

Erixon, P. School subject paradigms and teaching practice in lower                    secondary Swedish schools influenced by ICT and media. Computers & Education, 54, 1212-1221.

Gordon, S. (2011, March 8). Social Media Has Good and Bad Effects on Kids. . Retrieved July 11, 2014, from

Greenberg, G. (2004, January 1). The Digital Convergence:Extending the Portfolio Model. Retrieved July 2, 2014, from

Kim, C., Kim, M., & Lee, C. Teacher beliefs and technology integration. Teaching and Teacher Education, 29, 76-85.

Richardson, K. (2014, July 3). Why “Teach” Social Media. Retrieved July 7, 2014, from

I believe I can use a more research for my second and fourth because clauses. The sources I chose that focus mainly on the fourth clause (electronic portfolio benefits) are very good sources, but I think I can use at least one more to make this part of my research stronger. The second clause can use at least two more sources. I want to find a source that is much more in depth for that clause than what I already have. Maybe I will look up something that is more focused on just the purpose of inspiration through social media rather than teaching social media in classrooms. Overall, I believe I have some made some good research and collected some very good sources.

Because Clauses

Part I:

Secondary art classes should teach social media in the classroom to prepare students for their future higher education and careers because:

1. Knowing how to properly use social media can help students find a career.

2. Social media can help students find inspiration and other artists work that will help them develop their own style.

3. Students will be able to receive critique on their work and give feedback to other students, developing a learning community.

4. Students will be able to share their work with a broader audience rather than just their classmates.

5. The development of an online portfolio can help students keep organized and share their work easily.

Part II:

1. In his article, Castro believes social media has made it easier for people with no limitation of distance or time share ideas (Castro, 2012).

2. ChanMin Kim, a professor at The University of Georgia claims that technology is improving teaching and learning internationally (Kim, 2013).3. News Editor, Serena Gordon concludes social media encourages kids to communicate, share creativity, and also provides a learning opportunity (Gordon, 2011) .APA


Research Nugget #4

1. “Learning and Teaching Art: Through Social Media” by Juan Castro



CASTRO, J. (2012). Learning and Teaching Art Through Social Media. Studies In Art Education, 53(2), 152-169.

Main Claim: This article explains how social media is a good platform for artists to use. It talks about how artists have no boundaries when it comes to who can view their work and give feedback or praise for their work. It also mentions how teaching art through social media can be beneficial because students can view profiles they are interested in for a learning purpose rather than only viewing personal friends information. This article goes into detail about how the brain reacts to visual images through education and how it is much more stimulating for students to be able to access multiple visual images at a time rather than what is just physically in front of them.


1. Participatory cultures have existed long before the Internet and social media (Jenkins, 2006). Yet, social media has amplified the ability for many different kinds of people to gather across time and space to share ideas. understanding the reciprocal and dynamic systems of teaching and learning found in these types of social media environments requires taking into account an individual’s learning (Piaget & Inhelder, 2000) in relationship to the social influences of learning (Vygotsky & Cole, 1978). The social influences of learning art in classrooms is nothing new (Hagaman, 1990; Wilson, 2004; Wolf, 1993); however, what is new and needed is an understanding of learning that addresses the reciprocal dynamics of exchanges between individuals and social collectives2 through social media.

This nugget explains how the way in individual learns is important to consider. It says that social media has made learning for different kinds of people better because they can gather and share ideas through an unlimited space. The issue is that people need to learn how to exchange information properly through social media. There are many people who may not know how to comment or even view information that others have posted. This could be avoided by teaching people in secondary schools how to use social media.

2. “Opti’s images and ideas acted as a hub of attention, even though he was not a prolific contributor, nor had he taken the photography and art courses many of the other participants had. When participants in week 5 were asked to select an image to use as a point of departure for artmaking, most participants responded to opti’s images. He received three responses to six of his images, out of a possible 293. one was from someone who knew his physical identity, and two were from participants who did not. In the week 6 constraint, most participants selected opti’s question of inquiry for their response. For whatever reason, opti’s ideas were a significant hub in terms of the attention and associations they received in weeks 5 and 6 of the curriculum. Here, the metaphor of hubs draws from understandings of decentralized, scale-free networks. In decentralized networks, hubs gain links and associations in proportionately greater numbers than do other nodes in the network (Barabási, 2003).”

This nugget shows the power of social media. Opti images received attention from people who did not know him. His work appeared to get a lot of attention from people even though they did not know him. This nugget uses the word “scale-free networks” which is a very good way to describe social media. Because of this platfrom Opti used to share his work, he got more feedback than what he would have from people that knew him. He got 293 views where he may have only been able to share his work with not as many people of he did not use the network he did. There may even be a possibility of him receiving more viewers if he understood how to draw more attention to his work through social networking techniques.

2. “Analyzing Mass Media Through Video Art Education: Popular Pedagogy and Social Critique in the Work of Candice Breitz.” by Marya Spont



SPONT, M. (2010). Analyzing Mass Media through Video                          Art Education: Popular Pedagogy and Social Critique in the          Work of Candice Breitz. Studies In Art Education, 51(4), 295-314.

Main Claim: This article takes the South African artist, Candice Breitz, as a case study to show how sharing art to students through media is beneficial for developing a strong method of critique. This article also believes showing students largely found footage so that they can see different styles of work and hopefully be inspired to find their own style. This article does discuss that mass media can have some negative effects on people, but believes it is important for students to be able to understand and critique this types of art.


1. “It is imperative for our students to be aware of ways in which these mass media can operate, and for art educators to prepare students to be able to understand, evaluate, and artistically respond to these works through a medium with appropriate characteristics. One way to do this in art education settings is by engaging students in critical conversations about video art – specifically, video art that re-frames popular visual culture like film, television, and music videos as a form of social critique.”

This passage talks about how important it is for students to know how to critique to mass media. it says that they need to, “understand, evaluate, and artistically respond to these works through a medium with appropriate characteristics.” This line really stands out because as an artist it is very important to understand art and be able to respond to it. It makes you a better artist and causes you to think critically as well. This is why it is so important for students to be exposed to mass media and be able to respond to it.

2. “It is likely that anyone who has ever parented a child or taken a class in education or hopefully anyone else already questions how people are socialized: how we learn manners and gestures, how to speak and express ourselves.”

This passage really stood out because it asks how people are socialized. It changes with each decade how kids are brought up and today a lot of people socialize through social networking platforms. People do not always use social platforms properly, like posting pictures of their friends wasted passed out on a couch with a bunch of profanity in the comment. This is what shows any employer what the applicant does on their free time and worse, what kind of manners they have. This is an issue for people who do not learn that what is online can be seen by other people. This is why students should learn proper social media manners and gestures.

3. “Art Careers Marketed Via Major Social Media Platforms: Best Practices & Tips” by The Art Career Project



Art Careers Marketed Via Major Social Media Platforms: Best Practices & Tips . (2014, April 6). . Retrieved July 15, 2014, from

Main Claim: This article goes through how Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Blogs, and Youtube are the top places for artists to market themselves. They explain how this is good for someone who is trying to promote themselves. There are many examples on how to use these social media platforms for different types of artists. This article claims that artists will benefit from using these techniques and will do even better if they use multiple platforms to promote themselves to reach different types of audiences. If they do this they can run into great job offers and build a fan group or even just have a place where their work is digitally saved.


1. “There is no denying social media has become a powerful tool in the past decade, especially as a promotional vehicle.  According to the recently released 2012 Social Media Marketing Industry Report, 83 percent of more than 3,800 marketers believe that social media is important to their business and an overwhelming 94 percent of marketers said they used social media for marketing reasons. There is little debate that an active and engaging social media presence will help increase business exposure and probably drive traffic to your business as well.”

This nugget explains how social media has become such a great promotional tool. 94 percent of marketers say they use social media for marketing reasons. This is a huge number. The problem is they did not ask the businesses how well the social media marketing worked for them. It would be important to include that information, but it must be working at least a little bit if there is that many businesses that use social media for marketing.

2. “Of course as an artist, you probably don’t have the luxury of a dedicated marketing team to constantly monitor and update your various social media profiles, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t embrace social media, it just means you should be careful about over-extending yourself since you are your own marketing team. When it comes to creating a successful one-person social media marketing strategy, you want to be efficient and effective, and you want to use multiple mediums. We cherry-picked the most commonly used social mediums according to the study and came up with three examples of how artists should be using these channels to network and market themselves so you don’t have to.”

This passage points out how a lot of artists work on their own so it is important for them to know how to market themselves. This is significant because not all artists cannot pay people to market their work for them. This is what they need to do in order to get discovered or build a strong online portfolio. Artists need to be able to use social platforms so that they can reach a broad audience. This would be very difficult for them to do if they have no knowledge of how to use social media platforms.



All three of these articles are related to how social media is beneficial for artists. I decided to really focus on the artist perspective this week and compare three articles that are very similar and try to find their small differences.

The first article, “Learning and Teaching Art: Through Social Media” by Juan Castro, explains how are and social media go well together and how students need to be taught how to use it better. What makes this article different from the other two is that is focuses a lot on how the internet, social media, and visuals effect students learning process and how it is more beneficial than hurtful.

The second article, “Analyzing Mass Media Through Video Art Education: Popular Pedagogy and Social Critique in the Work of Candice Breitz.” by Marya Spont, talks about a specific incident that the use of social media is beneficial in the classroom. This is different from the other two articles because it talks about how important it is for students to be able to take a popular work of art and be able to critique it. This helps students learn how to think more critically and also learn more about different styles of art. The use of social media helps them discover what is trending and also what is used as mass media. This is not discussed at all in the other two articles.

The third article, “Art Careers Marketed Via Major Social Media Platforms: Best Practices & Tips” by The Art Career Project, is different from the first two articles because it focuses on giving artists how to use social media to market themselves. This is a very interesting article because it is purely to help artists either be discovered, or find a job. This shows how helpful social media can be and how important networking is to get closer for an artist to find success.

When combining the similarities and the differences between all of these articles I find that there are at least 4 very solid reasons why social media should be taught to art students in high school. Not only will the students be able to find information that they can learn from online, but they will see what is popular, see other artists work, create an online portfolio, and hopefully find a job. These are only a few highlights I have found from the combination of these three articles.

Nugget #6

Personal Dynamic Media
“Imagine having your own self-contained knowledge
manipulator in a portable package the size and shape of an
ordinary notebook. Suppose it had enough power to
outrace your senses of sight and hearing, enough capacity to
store for later retrieval thousands of page-equivalents of reference materials, poems, letters, recipes, records, drawings, animations, musical scores, waveforms, dynamic simulations, and anything else you would like to remember and change.
We envision a device as small and portable as possible which could both take in and give out information in quantities approaching that of human sensory systems (Figure26.2). Visual output should be, at the least, of higher quality than what can be obtained from newsprint. Audio output should adhere to similar high-fidelity standards.
There should be no discernible pause between cause and effect. One of the metaphors we used when designing such a system was that of a musical instrument, such as a flute, which is owned by its user and responds instantly and consistently to its owner’s wishes. Imagine the absurdity of a one-second delay between blowing a note and hearing it!”
This is a nugget from “Personal Dynamic Media”, by Alan Kay and Adele Goldberg. The article talks about a product called the Dynabook. It can be used by anyone but the main target audience is children. The Dynabook is mainly for interactive learning, but can be used for other things as well. The Dynabook never became a commercial product, but it does sounds a lot like our tablets or even smartphones today. I even looked up a picture of one and it looks like a clunkier version of the first Kindle.
This nugget explains almost exactly what a tablet is like today except for the fact that now we have color images on a small portable device rather than just black and white. There have been so many advances in technology to make our tablets what they are today. Here is a video that shows all the nifty things a tablet has included.
Now here is a video of Alan Kay and his Dynabook
Although the Dynabook and todays tablets to not compare very well, the concepts are both the same! Alan Kay came up with this before the first Macintosh computer came out as well. That shows how advanced his thinking was at the time! This is an amazing example for why I believe things like JARVIS (the AI that Tony Stark works with in the movie Iron Man) will be real one day.

Reflective Writing Concept Experience 5

Concept Experience 5 Reflection

Part 1: My experience with this assignment was very good. I enjoyed making the article a lot more interactive and informative for the reader through links and images. I looked through a couple of online articles to learn how they make their articles more interesting for their audiences to read. The five most important decisions I made for the digital tools were:

1. the video I included at the top of the page

2. The picture of a puppeteer controlling Facebook faces


3. The link to  The paper, “Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks,”

4. The link to Facebook’s data use policy

5. The link to Facebook’s terms of service page

I put the links over the words that I thought would be helpful for readers to see for themselves what the article was talking about. I chose not to add the word “link” or paste the URL so that the article would flow a lot more smoothly. I found the pictures through google after searching the images for the specific study that Facebook did. I put the pictures where I thought they related to what was being talked about so that it would add more substance to the message of the article. I chose to add a video for readers who connect better with images and audio rather than just reading. I got this idea from many news websites. They have a video that covers the topic of the same information at the top of the news article. I thought this was a very effective idea so I decided to incorporate it in this concept experience.

Part II:  I have learned a lot about how I want to approach the Inquiry Project after this assignment. Since the inquiry project is supposed to be optimized for web users I will try to do a lot of what I did for this concept experience. I will include links to specific words that can help readers understand what I am talking about if they need further clarification. I will include links to sources I use and to background information of the peoples sources I used. I will use images to keep the reading more entertaining and exciting for the reader. I will create a customized WordPress page for the entire research inquiry and make it as welcoming and aesthetically pleasing as possible. I am considering making a video that talks about everything that is included in the paper as well so that I can have it at the top of the research assignment like many other news websites. I want my inquiry project to be as informative and interactive as possible. This is what I will do to try to be a little bit more creative than the usual article posted online.

Here is a link to BuzzFeed’s main page. I believe this is a great example of a informational web page to model my work after because it is simple, straight to the point and viral. Some of the articles on this site are so minor and random, but their appearance and interesting titles pull in many viewers.

Research Nugget #3

1. “Teacher Beliefs and Technology Integration” by ChanMin Kim



Kim, C., Kim, M., & Lee, C. Teacher beliefs and technology                           integration. Teaching and Teacher Education, 29, 76-85.

Main Claim: This journal discusses what types of teaching beliefs teachers have and what effect it takes on the students. There are many types of beliefs that are discussed. Some are more controlled by the professor and some are more open ended to the students. The more open ended teaching beliefs leave room for students to use more media and technology to their liking. It was found that these types of classroom experiences had a positive effect on the students


1. “As an international phenomenon, technology is an important part of our everyday lives and efforts to improve teaching and learning (Sandholtz, Ringstaff, & Dwyer, 1997; Voogt, Tilya, & van den Akker, 2009; Williams, Linn, Ammon, & Gearhart, 2004). With the importance of technology in education, technology integration has been greatly emphasized in teacher training and professional development (Lawless & Pellegrino, 2007). However, it has been criticized that teachers have not been provided with adequate support that goes beyond learning specific technology skills (e.g., using a particular tool or software program) (Llorens, Salanova, & Grau, 2002).”

This passage was a part of the introduction. It tells us that technology is used for teaching improvements Internationally. I found this to be very important because this leaves opportunities for students from around the world to interact and teach each other about their cultures and languages. This passage also talks about the issue of teachers not being equipped with the skills to use the technology past basic skills. This means that it could be difficult for students to learn how to use social media properly because a teacher is not going to teach their students about something they do not even know how to do.

2. “Teacher beliefs about effective ways of teaching are conceptions of teaching associated with teacher-centered and student-centered approaches to instruction (Chan & Elliott, 2004). Teacher-centered approaches tend to emphasize the activities that a teacher uses to promote learning. Student-centered approaches tend to emphasize the activities in which a student is engaged. Associated with these two approaches is a continuum from structured, directed learning environments to unstructured, open-ended learning environments. For example, if a teacher believes that teaching is about letting students search around for answers rather than explaining the answers directly, that teacher may use a relatively open-ended approach such as a WebQuest ( Dodge, 1997). Technology integration goes beyond the use of any particular technology, and it can be tightly connected with teachers’ beliefs about effective ways of teaching to support learning and instruction. Student change (e.g., surface and deep learning approaches) and achievement are dependent on teachers’ conceptions of teaching ( Cano, 2005).”

This nugget talks about how student development is very dependent on teachers methods of teaching. This is significant because it shows that the in this day and age’s type of technology and communication it takes a little bit of practice to know how to use the internet. To do a research assignment online can be very overwhelming if you have not done it before. The internet is full of information and it can make it difficult to find what you are looking for without proper research techniques. If a teacher does not help the student learn these techniques it may be difficult for them to develop “surface and deep learning approaches”.

2. “School subject paradigms and teaching practice in lower secondary Swedish  schools influenced by ICT and media”
by Per-Olof Erixon

swedish school


Erixon, P. School subject paradigms and teaching practice in lower                    secondary Swedish schools influenced by ICT and media.                          Computers & Education, 54, 1212-1221.

Main Claim: This journal talks about how high schools in Swedan are influenced by ICT (Information and Communication Technology) and media. The study shows that many of the teachers in the schools use these forms of teaching very minimally in some locations even after they have said they believe that using these tools to teach will be beneficial. The journal tries to find a conclusion to help teachers teach their students how to use ICT and media. The main issue was that the teachers themselves did not know how to use ICT and media very well.


1. “According to Hennessy, Ruthven, and Brindley, 2005, research provides only limited support for the notion that the new technology has revolutionized teaching and learning. Correspondingly, Cuban, Kirkpatrick, and Peck, 2001 thinks that access to hardware and software seldom leads to more extensive use of ICT among teachers and pupils. Most teachers are occasional users or non-users. When teachers used computers in the classroom, the teaching practice did not change either. Kerr (1991) claims, however, that the media technology can serve both as a lever by means of which the teachers attempts to establish a more efficient practice and as a fulcrum including a reorientation of the educational practice.

This nugget shows that the teachers do use media technology occasionally, but are not avid users so they are not very equipped to teach with media technology. This nugget also talks about how media and ICT can serve as a “lever” to help make teaching more efficient. This research may be located in Swedish schools, but humans generally tend to learn in similar ways. This is why this nugget shows that this style of learning can be applied in more places than just Sweden.

2. Bernstein’s (1990) phrase ‘the sacred and the profane’, which he borrowed from Durkheim, can be used to analyse the ways in which school subjects relate to ICT (John, 2005). The ‘sacred’ concerns what constitutes the specific substance of a topic and distinguishes it from all other subjects as well as the socially discursive demands that this places on the subject. The profane is related to the contextual demands and compulsion that economic contexts inflict on the sacred. This study concerns whether, and in what way media and ICT play out such a role in the practice of different school subjects, and how shifts in content and form are possible. It also explores what is sacred in the content and form of school subjects, and to what extent shifts in “classification” and “framing” may be regarded as threatening.

This passage is significant because it talks about how media and ICT can be more beneficial for some school subjects than others. This is very important for schools to discuss because math may not be the best social media candidate, but history would be. Studies can be made to find better answers to this question and improve learning around the world.

3. “Social Media Has Good and Bad Effect on Kids” by Serena Gordon



Gordon, S. (2011, March 8). Social Media Has Good and Bad Effects on Kids. . Retrieved July 11, 2014, from

Main Claim: This article talks a lot about how social media affects kids. It proves that there can be good and bad effects. A lot of the bad affects are often caused by social media that is used for personal entertainment rather than educational uses. There are problems like cyber bullying, “sexting”, and a lack of structure.


1. “The report found that social media encourage kids to connect with each other and to express their creativity. They also provide an opportunity for learning, and are a way for teens to access health information. And, kids that have chronic illnesses can find others with their condition and get support they might not otherwise have access to. ”

This nugget talks about how social media helps kids connect. It is a good way for them to share their creativity and learn a thing or two from the people that they communicate with. This passage also mentions how social media provides a new platform for learning, not only school subjects but also things teenagers might be too shy to talk to their parents about. This is very important because kids need to be educated about their health and if their parents are not going to do it than the Internet is not a bad second option.

2.“We need more technology infrastructure, and pediatricians need to be ready to intervene and help educate young people and their parents on how to be more media literate, and how they can evaluate the types of things they’re exposed to,” said Primack.

There are a lot of problems with kids not using media in a beneficial way. This nugget gives an example of how it is important to understand media for more than just school purposes. It can benefit their personal lives when it comes to being educated about health issues or even news that is going on around the world.


Synthesis: The first source I spoke about, “Teacher Beliefs and Technology Integration” , focuses a lot on the teachers side of how technology is used for education. I thought it would be important to include this side into my research because the teachers have a lot to do with what is taught in schools. This source had a lot in common with the second source that I chose to talk about, School subject paradigms and teaching practice in lower secondary Swedish  schools influenced by ICT and media”, where both of them considered why teachers did or did not teach social media or ICT in their classrooms. It was found in both of the journal articles that the teachers did not have a problem with the use of media and ICT for education. The teachers did not do it because there was not always the right supply of technology or the teachers themselves did not know how to use the media properly as an educational platform.

The third source, “Social Media Has Good and Bad Effect on Kids” is a less formal article about how experts have concluded what the good and bad effects of social media can be. This article did conclude that social media can be a good educational platform if kids know how to use it properly. This is where the first and second sources I spoke about come in. The first source is important because it focuses on teacher beliefs and many of them believed the use of media was good and so did the second source, but the teachers do not know very well how to use these platforms to teach. This third article made me wonder if our teachers are the ones who need to be taught to use ICT and media properly and naturally that will lead to kids being taught?

There are aspects of each of these sources that do not compare very well. The third source talked about cyber bullying and sexting while the first two never mentioned any issues like that. The first source talked about all different types of teaching teaching techniques that are approached and what does and does not include social media in the technique. This does not relate to the other sources very well. The second source talks about how Swedish high schools benefit from the use of ICT and media. This relates a lot to the other two sources, but the fact that the research is done in Swedish schools and not American schools can be slightly controversial when it comes to comparing the sources. Does it matter? Or are a majority of secondary schools being taught in similar ways?

Concept Experience #5

Scientists at Facebook have published a paper showing that they manipulated the content seen by more than 600,000 users in an attempt to determine whether this would affect their emotional state. The paper, “Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks,” was published in The Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences. It shows how Facebook data scientists tweaked the algorithm that determines which posts appear on users’ news feeds—specifically, researchers skewed the number of positive or negative terms seen by randomly selected users. Facebook then analyzed the future postings of those users over the course of a week to see if people responded with increased positivity or negativity of their own, thus answering the question of whether emotional states can be transmitted across a social network. Result: They can! Which is great news for Facebook data scientists hoping to prove a point about modern psychology. It’s less great for the people having their emotions secretly manipulated.
In order to sign up for Facebook, users must click a box saying they agree to the Facebook Data Use Policy, giving the company the right to access and use the information posted on the site. The policy lists a variety of potential uses for your data, most of them related to advertising, but there’s also a bit about “internal operations, including troubleshooting, data analysis, testing, research and service improvement.” In the study, the authors point out that they stayed within the data policy’s liberal constraints by using machine analysis to pick out positive and negative posts, meaning no user data containing personal information was actually viewed by human researchers. And there was no need to ask study “participants” for consent, as they’d already given it by agreeing to Facebook’s terms of service in the first place.
Facebook data scientist Adam Kramer is listed as the study’s lead author. In an interview the company released a few years ago, Kramer is quoted as saying he joined Facebook because “Facebook data constitutes the largest field study in the history of the world.” It’s a charming reminder that Facebook isn’t just the place you go to see pictures of your friends’ kids or your racist uncle’s latest rant against the government—it’s also an exciting research lab, with all of us as potential test subjects.
Here is an article by Forbes magazine about the same experiment as well.

Research Nugget #2

Source 1. Why “Teach” Social Media by Karen Richardson

Richardson, K. (2014, July 3). Why “Teach” Social Media. . Retrieved July 7, 2014, from


Main Claim: 

Karen Richardson thinks children should be taught social media at a young age for many reasons. She says social media is, “the way we communicate these days”. She also uses a great example of how not knowing how to use social media properly can result in losing a job. She uses “When Young Teachers Go Wild on the Web” as en example of how this happens. She says social media is a great way to connect with whatever your passion is and follow influential people that can teach students a great deal.


1. “This post is in response to Maryam Kaymanesh in the VCU thoughtvectors MOOC who is thinking about why high school students should be taught how to use social media for a future job. I wouldn’t have seen the post but Tom Woodward tagged me in his reply to her and I got a ping to alert me to the reference. Why mention this? Because it gets at the heart of why we need to “teach” social media: it IS the way we communicate these days, and we have always taught students how to use contemporary media.”

This is a great example of a personal experience that shows how social media is so beneficial for education. If Karen had not gotten the notification about my research project, I would have never had the opportunity to read her blog post that she created just because of that notification. She says social media, “is the way we communicate these day”. This is another reason she believes it is important for students to know how to use social media properly as well.

2. “When I started teaching high school English in the late 1980s, my curriculum included formal letter writing and research skills using paper databases like the Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature. I think we understand better why we need to teach students the research skills, but it’s 21st century writing that we grapple with as teachers roll their eyes when kids use emoticons or Internet slang in their research papers. Case in point: check out the Wikipedia entry on LOL. The authors spend a lot of time quoting the critics of the use of these abbreviations as inappropriate in formal writing. But they certainly have a place in the fast-paced, shortened world of Twitter and texting. So, lesson one for all 21st century writers is how to distinguish between the wide variety of writing outlets and the kind of writing they demand.

This nugget shows how internet slang is frowned upon. This is very important because students unknowingly use internet slang in academical papers and is not correct. If students were taught properly how to separate internet slang from academical writing than this would not be as big of an issue. Internet slang is not bad, it is just not good to use in academical writing. In the internet world, slang is a great way to share information quickly and to use less characters. A good example of where this may be used is Twitter.

3. There are also important questions for businesses to ask as they move into this hyper connected world. As someone who runs an organization that uses social media to both communicate and connect, I think about how to use it all the time. What do we want to do with it beyond just simple marketing? How can we become a portal to help curate the web for our followers? It is very much a similar kind of question to that for individuals: just how do we portray our company in social media? I can pretty much guarantee that unless your future job is hermit, you will, either as an employee or employer, ask these kinds of questions.

This nugget talks about how media can do more than just chit chat. It can be used to market, not only ones self, but a business or idea to the public. This is important because Karen Richardson is basically saying that at one point and time, students will have to use social media for college and if not for college, than for their future professional career. This is one more reason to back up why students should understand how to use social media properly before they hit college.

Source 2. Social Media in Your Classroom – How you can make it work and why it may be a good idea by Carol Bauer

Bauer, C. (2012, June 1). Social Media in Your Classroom. . Retrieved July 8, 2014, from

social media 2

Main Claim:

Carol Bauer talks about how social media can be good or bad for the classroom. She has a lot of difficulty with students being glued to their phones while they should be paying attention to what she is saying instead, but at the same time the social media platforms can be used to have up to date information about what is going on. Students will also be able to stay connected with each other through social media as well. Like a learning community.


1. “The answer, I think, is that it can be both. If done with thoughtful and conscientious planning, students and teachers can use social networks to enhance instruction. In addition, new technology also provides a wonderful opportunity to do what teachers do best: model appropriate behavior and lifelong learning.”

This nugget talks about how social media and new technology can “enhance instruction”. Say a student loses their printed out version of a syllabus, thank goodness for computers and blackboard to help that student stay connected with all of the information in that class. Now they can jump online and print out a brand spankin new syllabus. Another example would be if a student forgot what the professor said the homework was in class. That student can then tweet to the professor and ask for the instructions. Once that professor responds it will be online for anyone else to read that may have forgotten the instructions as well.

2. “Social media can also be a valuable teaching tool in another area: It allows a teacher to tackle head-on one of the most challenging—but vital—lessons needed for students growing up surrounded by this rapidly-changing technology.  Students need to know not only how to use these new resources, but how to use them appropriately. It’s essential that they acquire the skills to be responsible digital citizens by respecting and acknowledging the work of others and having necessary consideration for the privacy of others.”

In this passage, Carol Bauer talks about how it is so important for students to learn how to use online resources properly. Now that you can read a majority of information online and not have to use a library there are many copyright and plagiarism issues with students. A lot of the time the plagiarism is not intentional. Bauer says it is also important for the students to acknowledge the work of others. This is where the idea of a learning community comes into play. If students are constantly giving each other feedback and bouncing ideas off of each other, they will be facing a much more interactive and educational experience.

3. “Because students make frequent use of technology at home, the line between what’s done there and what’s done at school has been blurred. So a good digital citizen must learn to be responsible in both places. Teachers can model appropriate digital usage by incorporating social media in the classroom in an open and honest way.

This is an issue that comes up in using social media in the classroom a lot. Teachers are worried about whether or not their students are using the social media for educational purposes or personal purposes. This raises the question of how could the help students define a line between personal and education use. What is appropriate for the classroom setting and what is not? Her suggestion is, “Teachers can model appropriate digital usage by incorporating social median in the classroom in an open and honest way”. This is a good way for teachers to set an example, but would it be the ultimate solution?

Source 3. Beyond the Electronic Portfolio: A Lifetime Personal Webspace by EDUCAUSE

Cohn, E., & Hibbitts, B. (2004, November 4). Beyond the Electronic         Portfolio: A Lifetime Personal Web Space. . Retrieved July 8,            2014, from

 social media 3

Main Claim:

This article focuses on how creating electronic portfolios that can work as an archive as well could help students a lot. An issue this article discusses is how teaching college students how to use these programs may take away from the students learning other important curricular with their time instead. A good solution to this issue would be to add classes to learn how to manage media in high school rather than waiting till college. This article also discusses many pros and cons to an electronic portfolio. It may be easier to share, but it does not have the same personal feeling as a physical portfolio.


1. “The electronic portfolio (e-portfolio) is higher education’s new “got to have it” tool—the show-and-tell platform of the millennium. Hundreds of academic institutions are variously studying, using, or innovating e-portfolio systems. Indeed, the current e-portfolio movement is spawning new university committees; on-campus training modules, books, campus-wide information campaigns, jobs, and a potentially profitable industry niche for software companies and consultants. Moreover, faculty and institutions that adopt e-portfolios appear cutting edge and innovative to their colleagues and students.

This nugget talks about how electronic portfolios are found important by universities. Universities are even trying to develop better electronic portfolio programs. This can possibly help students keep their work organized for future references or even job applications.

2. “E-portfolios seem to be inherently “good.” Instructional designers tell us that the process of constructing an e-portfolio stimulates our students to engage in reflective thinking. E-portfolios will provide accreditation agencies with tangible evidence that students achieved standards-based outcomes. New graduates will use e-portfolios to showcase their creativity and accomplishments, notably to gain an edge in the job market. Not surprisingly, university career placement centers regard the e-portfolio movement as an opportunity to link academic outcomes to the workplace.

Creating a portfolio does make someone reflect a lot. Students have to pick out what they believe is worth sharing with peers and future employers. “New graduates will use e-portfolios to showcase their creativity and accomplishments, notably to gain an edge in the job market”. This is another reason why it is important for students to know how to use social media. If they take the time to develop a portfolio over the entire period of time they are working instead of right before a job interview, it will most likely be much nicer and detailed and well put together.



The first source I talked about explained why social media should be taught to students today from a personal experience the author had. The second source I wrote about also wrote from a personal experience. The first source was personal and casual like the second source as well. They both also discuss very specific topics. They talk about how social media should be taught to students although it can have both positive and negative side.

The third source is incredibly different from the first two sources. It is extremely specific and analytical about all of the pros and cons to using electronic portfolios. This is a scholarly source written to promote the idea of creating better electronic portfolios to improve the use of media for students and professionals.

All three of the sources talk about how the proper use of social media can result to finding a future profession. The discuss the importance of being connected with people who share the same interests and and agree in the end that social media should be used for educational purposes.

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