Blog 9: SNA In the classroom & addictive behaviors

In the first study I looked at, “Comparing acceptance and rejection in the classroom interaction of students who stutter and their peers: A social network analysis.” They looked at students in Belgium who stuttered compared to students who did not stutter, they wanted to see if stuttering caused problems in school with regards to friendships. Since stuttering is often times looked at as an obstacle and can cause self esteem issues, they wanted to look at interactions with students who stuttered with students who did not stutter. They had twenty-two students who stuttered and 403 students who did not stutter and that was their sample. In order to get the results, they did a survey; it contained questions such as, acceptance of classmates, and rejection of classmates. In the study each student could pick an unlimited amount of friends. They found that SNA was important in this study because SNA looks at the connections they had in the classroom. They found that students who stuttered still had positive connections in the classroom and it did not negatively affect them.

 

 

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/social-network-analysis-using-r-birendra-kumar-sahu

 

In the second study I looked at, “A social network analysis approach to alcohol use and co-occurring addictive behavior in young adults.” They looked at college students and their social networks to determine if their close friends and family contributed to their addictive behavior. There were a total of 281 students who were looked at and each of their 30 closest friends and family members (alters) were looked at also. They were given a questionnaire about drinking use and they were scored as non-drinkers, light drinkers, and risk drinkers. They found that at risk drinkers had about 66% of alters in their social networks that also drank alcohol, and non drinkers had about 17% of alters in their social networks who drank. This shows that SNA is important when looking at our relationships between others because we usually associate with people who are similar to us.

Adriaensens, S., Waes, S. V., & Struyf, E. (2017). Comparing acceptance and rejection in the classroom interaction of students who stutter and their peers: A social network analysis. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 52, 13-24. doi:10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.02.002

Meisel, M. K., Clifton, A. D., Mackillop, J., & Goodie, A. S. (2015). A social network analysis approach to alcohol use and co-occurring addictive behavior in young adults. Addictive Behaviors, 51, 72-79. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.07.009

Blog 7: Public sphere and network society

Habermas defines public sphere as the public and the state, public sphere is the middle ground for the two. It is how the state and the public communicate with each other. The public sphere influences a lot and includes our public opinion and how we come together as citizens. Public sphere is important when it comes to a democratic society because it helps citizens give their opinion, which is what makes society works. It is important that citizens get a say in the way a democracy works so that their voice is heard. Public sphere is important in a society because everyone should have a say in a democratic society and everyone’s voice should be heard.

 

https://civic.mit.edu/blog/samuelbarros/civic-media-functions-inside-the-public-sphere-model-0

Castells defines network society as a more virtual way of communicating and it involves more networks instead of in person. We rely more on networks now, which makes sense. Over the years, we have gone from communicating with each other face to face, but over time that has changed and we are now living in a more technology based society. We have seen this change when it comes to classrooms; students are using laptops more in the classrooms, which didn’t happen when I was in school. There is an increase in technology and it will continue to increase over the years.

I do think that by having a network system it can have the potential to improve the lives of people but it can also negatively affect people also. I think it is good to have technology and a virtual way of communicating with others, but I also think that it is possible to be too reliant on technology and that is where the problem lies. It also improves the lives of people who have access to technology, but that is another problem because not everyone has access to Internet so it improves the lives of some people not everyone.

 

Nawaz, A., Khan, M. Z., & Gilani, I. (2012). From Habermas model to new public sphere: A paradigm shift. Global journal of human social science , 12(5), 43-51. Retrieved from https://globaljournals.org/GJHSS_Volume12/6-From-Habermas-Model-to-New.pdf.

Blog 4: Bowling alone

Social capital refers to social organizations such as networks, norms, and social tie that facilitate coordination and cooperation.”(Putnam, 2000) It makes sense that we are influenced by the networks around us, and our interactions in those networks. Putnam talks about how Alexis De Tocqueville was impressed by how Democracy in America worked so well. Over time, though, Putnam talks about the decline in participation when it comes to politics and our civil responsibilities. Because of this, people are bowling alone and not in a group. There isn’t much community participation anymore like there used to be.

Social Capital: What It Is & Why Your Employees Need It

We hear all the time that “it isn’t what you know, its whom you know.”(Kadushin, 2012) This makes sense when it comes to social networks. It seems like when people know others in high positions that they may get further ahead than those who do not know someone high up. According to Kadushin, there are two levels of networks, which include community/group and individual. This is important in social networks because communities and groups are important in our daily lives. It seems like we interact with others who are similar to us. Individual networks are also equally important.

https://www.c-span.org/video/?157570-1/bowling-alone-collapse-american-community

The Internet allows us to reach many other people. While the Internet is not as personal since we are not face to face with someone, it still helps us make connections with others. The Internet has come a long way over the years and there will continue to be improvements as the years go on. I think the Internet has contributed in some way to us not being as connected as we once were. I think it can also contribute to the decline in participation in our democracy.

For my research when I was looking at my paper and deciding what I wanted to do, I wanted to see if our interactions with others are as similar as we would think they are. According to Kadushin, people usually associate with others similar to them, and this is what I was basing my research on.

 

Kadushin, C. (2012). Understanding social networks: theories concepts and findings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Culture and Politics, 223-234. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-62965-7_12

LinkedIn and Social Network Analysis

I have to be honest in saying that I have never used LinkedIn before. I have definitely heard of it, but don’t use it. I can see how LinkedIn would be beneficial in helping people search for jobs. “This boundary less connectivity enables the sharing of ideas across institutions and continents and can provide solutions to shared problems.”(Graham, 2009) I think it is helpful because it takes personal connections and sometimes when it comes to finding a job, it is about whom you know. LinkedIn uses betweeness with the people you are connected with, which would be the nodes. I didn’t actually realize just how much LinkedIn relates to our social network class. Groups are created and they also use subgroups, which could be an example of a large social network including friends and friends of friends, and the subgroup would be just close friends.

 

I chose to include this picture because it shows one person and how they are connected to others. This would be the nodes and links. It shows just how much LinkedIn uses social network analysis for the connections.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/social-network-analysisneeds-tied-culture-succeed-lynne-levy-mba

Some disadvantages of using LinkedIn include having to pay for a more premium account. It is free to use but costs around $20 to have a premium account. It is also possible to get requests from people that you do not know since it uses algorithms and matches with people in similar professions. “Even when people are not part of your network, a properly filled out profile reveals their job title, where they worked in the past, and where they were educated.”(Bradbury, 2011) This would concern me a little because that means they would also have access to your geographical location and where the last place you worked was. “When adding people to your network, particularly people who you might not know personally, take a moment to read the profile of that person and make sure you are comfortable with who you are connecting with.”(Peregrin, 2012) This is good information because checking their profile will help make sure it is a real account, and not a fake account for people who just want to look at other people’s pages. There are several ways in which LinkedIn data can be useful. It looks at skills a person has, and what connections a person has to others. Social network analysis plays a large part in LinkedIn. Those connections to others in our careers are part of social networks.

Danny Bradbury, Data mining with LinkedIn, In Computer Fraud & Security, Volume 2011, Issue 10, 2011, Pages 5-8, ISSN 1361-3723, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1361-3723(11)70101-4.(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1361372311701014)

Laurel K. Graham, What Is Social Networking? And How Do I Get Clued in to LinkedIn?, In Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Volume 109, Issue 1, 2009, Page 184, ISSN 0002-8223, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.11.016.(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002822308021226)

Tony Peregrin, LinkedIn Profile Makeover: Optimizing Your Professional Online Profile, In Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Volume 112, Issue 1, 2012, Pages 23-25, ISSN 2212-2672, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2011.11.006.(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212267211018399)