Most Intimate Partner Violence research in the past has focused on Caucasian women. The first Survey to ever focus on African American couples was the National Family Violence Survey(NFVS) conducted in 1975. The survey found that African American men have a higher prevalence of severe IPV penetration (11%) as compared to White men(3%). What researchers also found however, is that when income comes into play, African american husbands are less likely to commit severe IPV penetration. Finding that those who made more(excluding those who made between $6,00 and $11,999) for both Black and Caucasian men were less likely to participate. According to the second NFVS that was conducted, African American women were 1.23 times more likely to suffer from severe IPV than Caucasian women. The NVAWS stands for the National Violence Against Women Survey and measure the rates of sexual assault, IPV and stalking victimization in the nation. A stronger indicator of IPV would also be income. 11% of Caucasian women in America are living in poverty compared to the 25% of african American women.
While African American and Caucasian men are socialized mostly in the same way meaning that they are taught that they are superior to women. For African AMerican men however, due to racism and discrimination, they feel they just display what is known as hypermasculinity which is the psychological term for the exaggeration of socialized male gender roles which include aggression, physical strength, and sexuality. Macrostrucutrual factors such as social disorganization, concentrated poverty and racism are some larger factors that influence the rates of IPV in African American communities. These factories weaken the inner workings of a community sense of self efficiency.Internalized racism is the belief and adaption to racist and potentially harmful ideologies about one’s own race. For African American family this can mean that African American women internalize the Black superwoman