Week 11 blog :D

Looking into chapter 5, IPV happens to be considered based on several different factors. It happens to be examined in detail with regard to African American women’s high risk factors. The percentage of some violence between intimate partners during 1998 and 2002. This was approximately forty nine percent. Looking at this minority women report higher rates of IPV, and with twenty percent of minority poor women who were reporting it within the past year. IPV is able to consist of physical, emotional, psychological, and also sexual abuse that takes place between the intimate partners. Some other issues can be such as poverty, unemployment, health, and also incarceration that must be considered when looking at IPV. The authors did not use the term domestic violence, this was because they were not intending to refer to violence that is occurring between other members of the domestic household. This can be as they are abusing of children by their parents. They are only intending to focus on intimate partners. Approximately about fifteen hundred women are killed each year that happens to be due to IPV. The second wave of feminists happens to begin to bring some light to IPV within the late 1970s and also early 1980s. This happens to be due to the commonality of IPV and also defining it as a specific women’s issue when it was not really on. The direction in studying of IPV and turning it more towards a societal problem and was taken the blame off of women.
Looking at the most common factors, there happens to be various forms across the board of violence is the relationship that happens to be between the perpetrator and also the victim where the perpetrator always has more power. Power relations must also be considered when you are looking at the IPV. Mutual combat is something that can be defined as both partners exhibiting from forms of abuse on their intimate partners. IPV is also a direct outcome of a social system dominated by patriarchy.
IPV can also be characterized by some other issues such as race, class, and also gender. The author is able to suggest that intersectionality is something that is necessary in understanding IPV. IPV can also be structured by some racial inequality. This key issues is involving with IPV in all families in the women’s economic dependency on men. This dependency can also create the difficulty for women to leaves these abusive relationships. A fear of losing economic stability can cause many women to stay. One of the mechanism by which inter-generational IPV transmission may be occur if children is witnessing the abuse of their parents or experiencing abuse by themselves as a child. A battered is considered a man who happens to be heavily influenced by hyper- masculinity and also has been socialized into being the ultimate man. That batterers are triggered to abuse some other when their masculinity is threatened. A strong predictor of men who are becoming batterers are men who are growing up witnessing IPV in their household.
The “cool pose” happens to be defined as a ritualized form of masculinity that entails behaviors, physical posturing, scripts, and also impression managements, also as well as carefully crafted performances in order to be delivering a single, critical message of pride strength and control. This pose is said to be being used by African American men in attempting to make them more visible within society. It can be a huge struggle for black male pathology and also attempting to survive their second – class status and environment. This behavior can also be considered as an effort by marginalizing groups to be constructed alternative ideologies as well as hegemonic ideologies. The two B’ happened to be defined as breadwinning and also the bedroom. Breadwinning is able to refer to one of the key sociological roles that men play in our society as the main earners in the household. This issues for women is within the ability to control the economic realm of the home and men using their position as a form of masculinity. When men are lacking economic control and opportunity for employment this can also start to be a trigger for men and can be seen as being challenging to their masculinity. The second B, the bedroom can refer to sexual relations and satisfaction levels. The man’s goal is to have numerous sex partners, satisfaction of their partners, and also sexual conquest has caused the idea of sexual prowess as an important part of masculinity in America. This idea of double standard as men being able to be sexually free but women not causing many issues. Jealousy is also another factor that can contribute to IPV. Men are also constructed in their identities around these two roles of breadwinning and sexual prowess then when something does not work out their threatened masculinity becomes a trigger for IPV also.
Looking at all the information we were giving the author was able to suggest that some solutions for IPV when it comes to African American women and families. These solutions are to be able to develop more inclusive constructions of masculinity that are not tied to breadwinning and sexual prowess. Also such as a good father figure and loving partner. AS well as intervention and prevention programs are being involved in advice and assistance in dealing with certain trigger to IPV. Also addressing the unemployment issue and rejoining the free world after some incarceration issues. Lastly the race, class, and gender paradigm needs to also be considered through the lenses of poverty, incarceration, and unemployment.

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