In this week’s reading, Chapter 5 discusses Intimate Partner Violence and how it occurs throughout the U.S. The percentage of IPV between 1998-2002 was forty-nine percent of family violence cases were between intimate partners. Minority women do report twenty percent higher rates of IPV. IPV is any form of emotional, physical or psychological and sexual abuse that involves two people who share an intimate relationship together. It is different from domestic violence because it involves anyone who lives the same house, not intimate partners. Sadly, approximately 1,500 women are killed in the U.S. due to IPV. Many other women suffer injuries that vary in severity that ultimately ends up being in the hospital for treatment.
Before the 1970s, IPV was a greatly hidden secret that no one mentioned. the family would always keep the issue hidden from the public eye and was something that would be handled in private. This was legal to a certain degree were husbands could physically harm and mistreat their wives “as long as they did not kill them or the violence got out of hand”. When the 1970s came along and the beginning of the 1980s, the second wave of feminists shed light on the issues of IPV. They brought to light on this issue through scholarly writings concerning these problems. This sparked the interest for IPV to be discussed and researched further on. When research on family violence is conducted, there is a common factor that most various forms of violence share and it is the perpetrator of violence always has a higher position of power than the victim. Furthermore, mutual combat is when the violence has two sides.
Intimate partner violence is a direct outcome of a social system dominated by class, race, and sex. Also, it can relate to other main topics such as employment, incarceration, and HIV. IPV is something that is based and shaped on patriarchy and racial superiority. Majority of IPV cases within families is based on the economic dependency on men, that makes them more likely to move in with someone because they are able to provide with them and even might make it difficult to leave a violent situation due to not have the funds to stand alone financially. One mechanism of intergenerational IPV transmission can occur is the lack of positive role models for a romantic intimate relationship. For example, when young girls grow up without knowing what a healthy relationship looks like, they will not have the ability to recognize it in adulthood.
A “batterer” is a stereotypical image of middle age, sloppy man. However, the truth is that men of any age, ethnicity, race, religion, and class can batter women. The “Cool Pose” originated in the African American community where it is a custom form of masculinity that establishes behaviors, impression management, carefully crafted performances, physical posturing and scripts” with all contributes to creating the ultimate goal-image of a controlled, proud and strong man. Lastly, the two Bs are Breadwinning and the Bedroom. This means that the breadwinner of the household is a vital role for a man to be in. If he can not provide for his family then he is seen as a failure and threat to his manhood. The bedroom means that a man’s sexual expertise is a huge part of interpreted manhood and could potentially be a severe problem to many men if they have an issue in this area.