Towards A Positive University

This article explores deeper into what makes a positive university, as positive education and the importance of positive institutions are becoming better known and more important. Positive education is typically known as “education for both traditional skills and happiness” (Seligman, Ernst, Gillham, Reivich, & Linkins, 2009). In the specific study provided in this article, they claim to believe that education is much broader than just skills alone. They instead believed it is crucial to emphasize the importance of specific learning environments. It is now more useful to examine a University as if it is a “special institution”. Usually, these examinations are based off of data such as rates of student motivation and the well-being of students enrolled in difficult courses. In this study, different evidence is sampled to come to their conclusions, such as the testing in learning environments, social environments, work environments, work environments, and local communities. This gives the researchers much more to work with to test positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishments (the main organizing principle. Overall, the researcher’s behind this study believe that this was a much more effective and relevant way to examine a specific university or institution’s positive psychology. I was truly intrigued with this whole study, especially their decisions of what to study and the method of how they did it, and I was pleased to see that there is more room for research in the topic of positive education, as it needs to continue to the lower levels of education as well, and not just in the top formal teaching environment. My only question is, what took so long for researchers to realize that these new concepts are crucial to research in this field? It seems so simple.

Social Interactions and Well-Being

Social psychology primarily focuses on interactions with close people to your life such as close friends and family. In this study, however, its different; the research instead questioned if personal well-being is related to interactions with weaker ties (such as acquaintances) as much as the interactions with stronger, more casual ties. During the study there were 2 tests taken to see how the students experience the quality of their lives. In the first study, students appeared to experience greater happiness and even more feelings of belonging on the days in which they interacted with more classmates than usual. In the second study, it was found that weak ties are indeed related to personal well-being. Overall, the results highlighted the true power of weak ties, claiming that even interactions with the outliers in your life contribute to one’s wellbeing. I was very intrigued with this article because I truly never thought that interactions with anyone that wasn’t very important to you even impacted your own happiness very much. I was also pleased to read that there is still room for future research, as casualty remains to be unexamined. I would highly recommend others to read this article.

Efficacy of Psychotherapeutic Interventions

Overall, this article is based off of a meta-analysis that addressed the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic interventions to help people forgive others. This study was also used to examine other moderators of treatment effects through a professional with an intervention designed specifically for promoting forgiveness. Results showed that the participants who received explicit forgiveness treatments reported significantly greater forgiveness compared to those participants that didn’t receive any treatment. It was identified that forgiveness interventions are in fact more beneficial for clients trying to death with the past. Before this article I never really knew much about meta-analysis’, however, I was very intrigued with this first one. I really liked the idea of combining data from different studies to come up with one final conclusion. I’m interested to see more research conducted on this topic so they can answer more of the specific questions that they are unsure of.

Differences in Character Among U.S. College Students

This article was overall based off of a study that explored the strengths of different character traits for 759 undergraduate students (ages 18-21) from the University of Colorado that took a classic, standardized paper and pencil questionnaire (the VIA-IS). When I first saw the results of the character traits that were endorsed most, I was not very surprised with the characteristics listed, and it was honesty the same thing for when I first saw the results of the character traits that were mentioned least. From previous readings I already knew that positive psychology was an up and coming field of research, however, one thing I didn’t know about this topic was that they had written tests that are fairly new such as this one that lays out all of your personal attributions for you. My question is, is everyone truly that honest with their test or is it more often then expected that people just choose the traits that they wish to obtain. What happens when people do cheat this test? Overall, I was very happy to read that positive psychology is still a rising topic of study.

Annual Research Review: On the Developmental Neuropsychology of Substance Use Disorders

This article mainly goes into detail on the topic of substance use disorders and all its affects that come along with it on adolescents that suffer from it. Before reading this article, I immediately thought about the friends and family I know (of all ages) that have had it at one point or another in the past. As someone who’s problem it really wasn’t, I knew this topic was a serious problem because it even hurt me just watching my peers deal with it. All those people have their own causes for being involved in this rising issue, however, the main thing I always noticed about those specific people are that ultimately it altered their personality due to its heavy impact on their brain chemistry. It was always obvious to me that the younger you are when dealing with a substance use disorder, the more it will influence your well-being (usually for the worse). When I saw figure 1, I felt very familiar with it. When I saw figure 2, I was shocked to see all the other reasons, and when I saw figure 3 I had no idea it got that in depth. I really hope in the future this issue fades away, and I highly recommend seeking help as soon as possible if you suffer from any substance use disorder.

Interdisciplinary Research on Close Relationships

When it comes to the topic of successful adult romantic relationships, I really didn’t know much considering I just became an official adult recently (turned 18 in July.) One thing I kind of already figured though, due to common sense, was that competence in any relationship relies on capacities developed in earlier normal relationships with parents and fellow peers. It seems very obvious to me that there is an easily identified connection between the way you meet someone and how long you know someone, and how you guys will continue to either grow together or apart depending on the circumstances later in the future. Therefor meaning, if you met someone in a bad way, the relationship is more than likely to head south. In vice versa, if you met someone in a proper way and share positive experiences together, then the relationship is expected to be greater. I feel like this topic of study is very slept on, so I was glad to read that it is being more closely researched because believe it or not, it’s a crucial part to creating and maintaining bonds.

Contemplating Mindfulness at Work: An Integrative Review

Right off the bat from reading the opening sentence of this article, it caught my eye that mindfulness is becoming a growing field of interest because it is definitely important, and I feel as if too many people act without thinking everything fully through which ultimately negatively affects them. It is evident how important it is considering some of the biggest companies in the world use certain practices to help improve mindful thinking skills. It was no surprise to me when I read that mindfulness has been closely associated with improved attentional stability, better control of attention, and attentional efficiency. Those are all attention related qualities that are theorized to positively influence cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and physiological domains of high motor functioning, and can truly bring you far in your professional life. My question is, are there any negative effects of mindfulness/mindful thinking practices? Are there any other ways to help improve it without practices, almost like any other underground or unwritten tips?

The Role of Positive Emotions in Positive Psychology

Just based off of reading this article, I automatically realized positive emotions pay a key role in positive psychology. Positive emotions are known to serve as markers of flourishing, as negative emotions are known to serve as markers of languishing. It is obvious that emotions are triggered by an event happening that, in most situations, means something to somebody. Therefore, if something good happens to someone, they will feel positive emotions resulting in them feeling good about themselves, and it works the same way if something bad happens to somebody, they will feel the negative feelings that come along with it ultimately altering one’s mood which says a lot about somebody. I think that if people just slow it and calm down, they will feel better about themselves no matter what event may have occurred. I for sure agreed with the author anytime she mentioned that having a positive mindset or will result in nothing but positive reactions, and vice versa. I was pleased to read all about the different theories pertaining to this subject, as I think it should be a greater focus in future research each day for the better of our people.

Implications for Sleep and Other Behaviors

The first thing I noticed about this article was that it highlighted (in bold) the main aspects needed in order to maintain a healthy state, physically and mentally, as a new student to high school. It is evident that a lot of these students take too much advantage of the new free environment without as much supervision and get carried away. Things such as sleep, exercise, good eats, time management, social support, etc. are all important to not let that happen. It was no surprise to me that Spearman’s correlation analysis revealed significant relationships between GPA and self-care/the way you maintain yourself, and the fact that the more you take care of yourself physically and mentally the higher your GPA is naturally. Although everything that was mentioned in this article was unspoken sources of success, I firmly believe that this article is very important for new college students to read so that they realize the importance of it as soon as possible.

Implications for Sleep and Other Behaviors

The first thing I noticed about this article was that it highlighted (in bold) the main aspects needed in order to maintain a healthy state, physically and mentally, as a new student to high school. It is evident that a lot of these students take too much advantage of the new free environment without as much supervision and get carried away. Things such as sleep, exercise, good eats, time management, social support, etc. are all important to not let that happen. It was no surprise to me that Spearman’s correlation analysis revealed significant relationships between GPA and self-care/the way you maintain yourself, and the fact that the more you take care of yourself physically and mentally the higher your GPA is naturally. Although everything that was mentioned in this article was unspoken sources of success, I firmly believe that this article is very important for new college students to read so that they realize the importance of it as soon as possible.

Silver Linings For Patients With Depression

I truly never realized how serious any mental health issues were until about 9 months ago when I was diagnosed with major depressive and anxiety disorder. I hate to admit, but I honestly thought it was just a way for people to get sympathy through over-exaggerations during tough times. However, I learned the hard way that I was always wrong. I was always known as more of a cheerful kid, but it hit me so randomly. Luckily, medication and therapy was able to help me very much to now get me back to where I was before. Coming into this article I already knew that this issue is becoming more and more frequent, especially for adolescents in high school and college, so it was no surprise to me that the first sentence in this article even stated how depression has become one of the biggest health issues today all across the map. I also already kew there could be tons of reasons to trigger mental health disorders like this, such as situational experiences in surrounding environments and biological causes. Although, I never knew cultural causes could play a role in causing it too. I never even though about it because comparing mental health statistics between countries among all shapes and sizes just seemed way too complicated and unnecessary. Regardless of the variety of possible causes, I was pleased to read that neuroscientists are only beginning to learn more about underlying processes to develop more effective treatment methods for those who can’t manage with just therapy and pharmaceutical drugs as well as others. They helped me, but everyone’s case is different, therefor, everyone deals with their mental health differently. I’m curious on how other countries deal with their people who suffer from depression, yet still don’t seem to get the proper medication needed to relieve them.

Positive Psychology: An Introduction

Overall, I really liked the whole idea of this article because it now clearly appears to me that positive psychology is at the very center of being happy. The article kept me interested. Before, I really failed to realize the complexity behind it all. All I knew about it was that positive psychology values the feelings of contentment and joy. Ever since reading this first article it was pretty obvious to me that mental health is a very important topic today, but this article ensured me even more. What I took away from this article is that no matter what may come to the stage in your life, its how you react to it and deal with it that’ll truly decide your happiness, although some people may have bigger difficulties than others. I was also very glad to conclude the article with reading that the psychology of positive human functioning is predicted to arise tremendously in the future.

Genetic Influences On Adolescent Behavior

Prior to reading this article, all I knew about the topic of “Nature vs. Nurture” was the basics, and the fact that it was basically a never ending battle. Many well-known scientists and philosophers, even the ones who helped shape where we are today in our discoveries, have views from both sides. So I always just figured it was a pointless debate that’ll continue to advance for years on end. However, I was very wrong and it appears that it’s actually not so pointless after all, and both could heavily affect someone’s behavior and up bringing. Personally, I think that both genetics and the surrounding environment could play very important roles on one’s physical and mental development. I also think that studying an adolescent’s genetic influences is very smart considering that that’s a very important stage of your life, as it’s the transition time into your adulthood from childhood. After the read, I found that I was very impressed with the amounts of new discoveries lately and how far we have come, but am in no way surprised that there’s only so much things we can do at this time to truly identify the total truth.

Promoting and Protecting Mental Health as Flourishing

Before reading this article, I never realized that there is much more to the battle between mental health and mental illness than I thought. It was already pretty obvious to me that people with more of a positive outlook on life are bound to be more successful on the mission to pursuit happiness opposed to someone with more of a pessimistic outlook on life. For example, it was no shock to me that adults that were reported to miss fewest hours of work and still enjoy what they do, were found to be free of any mental health disorders for the past year. Those who have lower rates of mental health most likely have other things they are worried about more often than someone who may be considered as flourishing, which most likely prevents them to do what makes them happy. If you have a clear head with no worries its evident that  you can see your goals in life much more clear, and will find the motivation to do whatever it is that truly makes them happy. With mental illness on the rise more recently across the country, I was glad to read that mental health is finally becoming more of an important topic of study because obviously something isn’t right if researchers identify more/other problems on mental health throughout research on other topics of study. Not everybody has the same problems, and everybody deals with stuff differently, but I was pleased to see that life expectancy is now rising due to healthier habits such as eating good food and exercising, that ultimately lead to a much more solid foundation to live a healthy life, mentally and physically. I would like to see them find more specific ways to diagnose patients, as diagnostic testing through symptoms seems a bit unreliable at times.