Relationships

One idea that resignated with me from Lorne Campbell and Timothy Loving’s ” Interdisciplinary Research on Close Relationships, is that genes aren’t the only thing we get from our parents. Our habits are greatly influenced with how we are raised in relations twith our choices and desires we seek in intimate relationships. In other words, people typically put themselves in relationships that are subconsciously very similar to those of their parents because of how much they are influenced by what they think is their desired relationship.

If a child grows up in a healthy house hold with both parents treating each other with love and respect, that child will more likely in their dating life, will look for a mate who will aid in recreating their example of a “good” relationship from their parents. Children who don’t grow up will this, are more likely to end up in abusive, or unhealthy relationships and likely to be divorced.

It is very helpful to understand why we make our choices and it’s influences so we can know how to change them, if need be.

Good et al. (Mindfulness

The main focus on this, comtemplative, integrated review by many intellects from various universities , is to outline the numerous positive defects of being in a state of mindfulness. What I have mainly took away from the article, is that, being completely mindful is a lot like being on an adrenaline high. The side affects are very similar and both put the body in to an intense feeling of relaxation and awareness.

Within the different paragraphs of where the author broke up the relationship with minfulness and its influence of different psychological variables I compared how this was similar to how our bodies interpret adrenaline.” Creswell & Lindsay, 2014″ have discovered that mindfulness can plays a huge role in stress response, and has been known to directly reduce the amount of cortisol released in the brain that signals the body to acknowledged that it is in stress. Behavioral functions can also be changed by becoming mindful. This can foster the awareness of automatic and behavioral respondes to be able to regulate and decide to respond to the automatic choice, or make conscious judgement to create a solution better suited for circumstance (Bargh & Chartrand, 1999). Or in other words put in the article, “confers superior self-regulation”.

By being mindful, a person can sus out their own automatic response before they preform the action, and subconsciously evaluate if this would be the most appropriate response, and if not, have logical thinking to form a mor suitable one. Unlike adrenaline, mindfulness is not an impulse response to danger, induced by the body, which can make decision making a lot more rational, and less uncontrollable.

However, mindfulness and adrenaline are not substitution for each other, mindfulness is not to be chosen in the event of an emergency. This is a mindset and may reduce the bodies “false” warnings of an emergencies, induced by stress. It is a self regulator and calming agent. Do you think there would be less accounts of stress in a person if they where more mindful of their surroundings. How? Give an example.

 

 

 

SOH – Science of Happiness 2016-09-25 14:18:32

It’s no surprise that your academic performance is directly related to your health. For freshmen students entering college, its likely that certain habits that shaped our health, would change when we were faced with a new environment, along with new social and  educational situations and responsibilities. In the article, by Trockel, Barnes & Egget, a survey was conducted to see how closely these changes effected students’ GPAs.

It seems like the most influential factor was dependent on the weekly time in which students wake up. I think this is true because it directly reflects what the student did the night before that distrupted their sleep patterns, and prevented them from going to bed early. For example, if a student is up all night partying or drinking, an immediate consequence would be that they would wake up late the next morning. Similarly, these students who would wake up later during the weekdays would have, more than likely, stayed up late the night before, and thus causing them to miss some important information in class the following morning, or be hung over from the night before that would impair their ability to retain much information from class. Therefore behavior and social choices reflect a students’ education and performance in their classes. There may be other factors that played into the survey that the testers were not aware of, but for the most part, this trial was pretty consistent.

The reason why this survey was conducted among first year students was that they are more likely to be consumed with their social life, and find it more challenging to balance their new responsibilities. Do you think that if this survey was given to upper class men, would there a similar or completely different conclusions?  Why or why not?

Silver Linings?

R.I.P Robin Williams. Little did his fans and audience know that he hid his depression with the whimsicle and joyful characters he produced in his movies. Mental illnesses like depression, are so widespread and common in Americans, and yet these diseases are still very misunderstood because of its level of complexity. From the article, depression is defined as “an act of free will designed to escape an unbearable situation. A lot of celebrities find themselves dealing with depression because they are less able to hide themselves and their feelings because their lives are so publicized, much more than the average person. This often results in them feeling pressured to look “perfect” and unflawed in the eyes of critics. Although this factor is not the cause of depression, and other mental illnesses, is can definently contribute to people becoming depressed. I understand that there is a more underlying issues with a patients biological mindset that can cause an illness, that can be just as fatal as a physical illness.

It is sad that only 2/3 of patients receive the right treatment for their mental illness. I think that society only focuses on the illness that are physically present in a person, which is why not too many people notice how serious the mental patients diagnostics are. If this was the case for cancer patients, there would be a world uprising. Quoted from Simon Wesley (New president of UK’s Royal College of Psychiatrists). There needs to be more of an awareness for the severity of mental illnesses before the patients are on the news from  committing suiside or overdosing on pain pills. These numerous deaths could be easily prevented if people would care more about these patients and catch it in its earlier stages. If more people know about the signs, families and friends could get help before it’s too late.

Queshtion for thought: 

Do you think more people would care about mental illnesses in general, if there was a required academic course at schools for more students to be education on mental illnesses?

 

Genetic influences on adolescent behavior

This article by Danielle M. Dick (Ph.D.), Amy E. Adkins (Ph.D.) and Sally I-Chun Kuo (Ph.D.), is comprised of current health concerns on a wide spectrum of possible issues that can relate to a variety of people. The overview of the twin studies had tremendous use in order for psychologists and researchers to learn more about the subject of public health, because people are so different and complex that it is extremely hard to compare them. However, twins (monozygotic and dizygotic twins share 100 and 50 percents of the same genetic variation respectively) that twins would aid the best in comparing the environmental and genetic influences that correspond to their health, because their environments are typically identical, so the studies will help to focus on the genetic aspect of their inheritances.

It turns out a lot of common metal disorders that were believed to be solely based off of influences from family or societal expectations are actually very likely to be hereditary. From the article Dr. Dick references the first law of behavior genetics which states; “all human behavioral traits are heritable (Turkheimer, 2000).” An example used in the student that shows this discovery, is related to alcoholism. It turned out that this mental disorder is not simply based on acohol but is 65% likely to be contributed by other health concerned like personalty disorders,and approximately 35% of the disorder is alcohol dependent related (Kendler et al., 2003; Krueger et al., 2002; Young et al., 2000).

Another interesting finding is that age contributes to whether some sort of trait that someone has is either genetically or environmentally influenced. It seems like children are more adapt to developing opinions and habits through their surrounds, from school, at home, or  on the streets. Researchers have suggested that the adolescence are the more interesting population to study because their environmental relationships and interactions are constantly changing (; Purcell, 2002; van der Sluis et al., 2012).  The inherited traits are that those of which will be more likely to follow  a person as they age and develop their own opinions that are less influenced by the people around them.  So, a mental issue like alcoholism, that typically happening in a person’s adult life, would not have arose solely from outside factors but also from the person’s genetic make up that can already asses before the drinking starts, whether or a not a person will later be likely to developed a drinking problem.