|1. Identify and analyze the characteristics of a student with an Intellectual Disability.|
|2. Evaluate the major causes of Intellectual Disability.|
|3. Illustrate instructional practices to support this disability.|
|4. Identify and explain assessments and evaluation practices for students with an Intellectual Disability.|
A few weeks ago we had a great discussion. We talked about viewing the IEP as a “tool” instead of a contract. My bosses (not at VCU) wanted me to add a simple statement. “What is written into an IEP, must be carried out as written. “
Before I talk about the characteristics about individuals with Intellectual Disability you will want to erase all preconceptions that you might currently have.
1. Individuals with ID are as unique as snowflakes. They are people who can learn, work,and live independently. They can make decisions for themselves.
2. The term Intellectual Disability is not a synonym for any other term you might be thinking of…. (AVOID using terms that have historically been used to describe individuals with cognitive problems.)
3. Many of your colleges in the field of education will use historical terms and definitions. They might look at an IQ score and decide “this kid can’t learn.” BE PREPARED! Our job is to educate educators.
4. You will hear people use archaic historical terms to describe individuals with cognitive disabilities. BE PREPARED!
5. Because the definition changes frequently (the last change was in 2013) even professionals within the field can get confused. IDEIA 2004 described the eligibility requirement using the term Mental Retardation, and Rosa’s law (2010) replaced the term with Intellectual Disability. Often people will say that Intellectual Disability is the same thing as Mental Retardations; this is inaccurate. Historically different criteria for diagnosing individuals with M.R. (although the definition of M.R. used in 2004 is the definition used by your book for I.D.
The following website does a great job of illustrating some of the confusion associated with the definition/diagnosis of Intellectual Disability. Read through it and use the form to critique the definitions. http://sevencounties.org/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=10323&cn=208
ACTIVITY 2 Strategies & Debates within the field of research for persons with Intellectual Disability.
Scavenger HUNT Find a peer reviewed article that demonstrates a teaching technique that could be used to teach individuals with Intellectual Disability. Scan the article and briefly describe it on the google presentation. At the moment, the research demonstrating effective techniques for instruction seems to show three basic methods.
1. Systematic Instruction (Browder and Spooner, 2014)
2. Functional Skills instruction (Snell and Brown, 2006)
3. Other methods still being researched….
The link to this activity is in the lower left hand of this box….