My group’s TPACK lesson on the Math Measurement SOL 3.11 focuses on telling time to the nearest minute using analog and digital clocks, as well as telling elapsed time in one-hour increments over a 12-hour period. Misconceptions/difficulties that students may have in their understanding about this content include the difference between the hour and minute hand (and even the second hand) and the association of the numbers on the clock to the minutes in an hour, which are in five-minute increments.
The content for this lesson mostly focuses on 3.11a, telling time to the nearest minute using analog and digital clocks. The pedagogy for the lesson would begin with a whole group demonstration, where the teacher models the use of an analog clock to tell time by moving the hour and minute hands to show different times. In addition to this modeling, the teacher could also show students an example of a digital clock, an alarm clock or the clock at the bottom or top of the computer screen, and how to read the time. After the whole group lesson, students can work individually in their table groups to construct their own clock using materials such as paper plates, pointers for the hands, stick-on numbers, a pin for the middle of the clock, and pencils/markers to decorate. After the students construct their clocks, they will have a chance to practice showing and telling different times on their clocks with their table groups (using a worksheet to guide their practice).
Link for directions/ideas on how to make a paper clock: https://www.muminthemadhouse.com/make-paper-plate-clock/
The technology for this lesson would include the analog and digital clocks used for teacher modeling, the materials for the student clocks (paper plates, pointers, stick-on numbers, pins, and pencils/markers), as well as the worksheet used for practicing telling time.