Post-structuralism focuses on language itself. Language is ‘self referential’ not a symbol of an objective reality. Foucault says that language does not have true meaning. He also says that the social world is interpretations of interpretations of interpretations. He explains that language/texts are embedded in the self and the body; human subjectivity is therefore understood […]

Parsons & Merton

Main Points Categories of the Orientation and Organization of Action (Parsons) For Parsons, action revolves around living organisms and their behavior(s). This behavior has four aspects to it: it has ends or a goal to attain, is regulated by norms, and occurs within a situational context, all of which is somehow driven by an underlying […]

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