Urban public behavior can be considered important for various reasons. The main reason urban public behavior is important is because of the fact that urban public behavior helps to establish a set of norms, customs and behaviors that people can all get along with and align with. Urban public behavior essentially establishes a code by which people of that urban environment can learn how to function relatively quickly when out in the public settings and still be able to go back to their private homes and settings and be able to return to their normal way of doing things. It establishes the norms needed to operate within that urban society without having to go through massive levels of trials before learning the customs and norms of that area.
Comparing both Peking and Athens while they have many similarities they also have many differences as well that make each city distinctly its own. Summarily both cities had the same levels of inequality large poverty stricken housing developments, crowded winding streets, and monuments and symbols that were important to the residents of the city. The Chinese city of Peking had its fundamentals beliefs rooted within the belief of a god like emperor. Because the city of Peking had this belief their city greatly resembled a centralized shrine and monuments dedicated to the all-knowing emperor within their civilization. Athens on the other hand focused more on the human side of their civilization. They believed in a participatory democracy where in which many of their residents participated in their local democracies that help shape the laws and beliefs within Athens. Athens city format encouraged more of a community feel that helped to develop the citizens within the community. The buildings within Athens did not praise an emperor but represented what many in Athenian community felt was the good life.
The symbolism of each unique city changed essentially based on where it was and who inhabited it, and more importantly what their belief systems were. In Peking the symbolism was completely dedicated to the worship of their god like emperor. Because they have this fundamental belief in a god like emperor everything within the city is designed to support the narrative of their beliefs. Versus when looking at Athens, the culture of the city was completely different because of the values the Athenians held. While of course they had their own set of personal beliefs in religion their symbolism was rooted deeper into their quality of life. They were not too highbrow or too lowbrow their symbols were truly inclusive and based on the democracy they strove to represent. One of the major downfalls of the capitalist society is inequality. The problem becomes when everyone has the freedom to essentially do as they please within a free market economy it does not take long for people to learn how to develop a monopoly within their own shares of their relative markets and gain almost total control of the already limited resources that exist within a capitalist society. The grid shaped cities are arranged that way for the most maximum use of being able to transport public goods as well as people.