Moon Phases

•What was the point of this activity?
Allow students to have a better understanding of the moon phases and how the earth, sun, and moon orbits in the solar system using manipulatives.
•Explain how you would introduce this to your class.
First, I would explain the moon phases and how each phase appears during each rotation. Then, I would place students in groups. Students will demonstrate and write down the moon phases during the class activity.
•Where do you see a student having difficulty with this?
-Understanding the position of the moon depending on the position of the sun and earth.
-Confusion between finding the accurate directions of the North/South hemisphere in the classroom
-Confusion between the earth and moon’s rotations
•What changes or extensions could you do to this activity?
 – Use a mobile to show students how the moon revolves around the earth. This will help students if there is any confusion between the rotations of the moon and earth.
 – Allow students to explain their thoughts to the class
– Use a ping pong to demonstrate the moon phases
Scientific Principles:
During a new moon, the moon, sun, and earth all lie along the same line. The sun is behind the moon making the earth perspective of the moon dark. After the new moon, it is the waxing crescent, this occurs when the new moon is gradually transitioning between the 1st quarter.  As the lit portion of the moon shows, the moon continues to increase to more than half of the moon’s phase, known as the waxing gibbous. The moon forms into the full moon, lighting the left side of the moon, since the earth since the sun isn’t directly behind the moon but facing towards the earth and moon. As the moon rotates closer to the sun, it begins to decrease again.

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