Research Nugget #4

Link 1:

  • Crawford, S. (2011, March 3). How has NASA improved TV technology?. HowStuffWorks. Retrieved July 12, 2014, from http://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/nasa-inventions/nasa-improve-tv-technology1.htm
  • The technology NASA developed for improving its own missions has resulted in commercial applications around the world. NASA calls these “spinoffs.” Not only did they develop multiple applications for the computer, but also helped develop it into a user friendly technological device. For example, we take the computer mouse for granted now, using it countless times a day to do work or homework, to pay bills or buy things, or just to poke around looking for cool Web sites. But the device started out as “one small and relatively simple component” of a broader goal, according to Bob Taylor, who provided NASA funding for research that led to the device in the early 1960s. Computers were still thought of as machines, with a sphere like device to guide yourself on the machine. 
  • Nugget: “You can purchase a TV satellite dish to capture TV signals directly from a satellite service provider rather than a land-based TV tower or cable connection. NASA developments for improving the picture and sound received from satellites are now part of commercial satellite dishes.” 

NASA has increased its development with improving satellite reception quality with all kinds of devices. What is broadcasted on our TV comes from a receiver where signals come from a TV tower. Signals from the TV towers come from Satellites, with the origin of the signals coming from the companies. The improvement of these signals and receivers are due to NASA, as what they developed is not only for the television, but computers, and smart phones as well. The stronger the signal, the clearer and faster the quality is, the easier it is for us to access social media.

  • Nugget: “Another NASA TV innovation resulted from the demands of a new, unexpected audience following the 1969 moon landing: TV viewers intrigued by outer space [source: Abramson]. NASA TV broadcasts immediately followed, carrying footage of subsequent Apollo missions. NASA television is publicly accessible and free to watch, and today it’s an all-digital broadcast featuring four separate channels: Public, Media, Education and HD. Thanks to NASA TV, viewers have shared in NASA’s triumphs and tragedies, from the first images captured from the surface of Mars to the loss of the Space Shuttle Challenger to the present. In 2009, NASA TV received the Philo T. Farnsworth Primetime Emmy Award in recognition of “engineering excellence’ and to commemorate “the 40th anniversary of the technological innovations” that led to the first live TV broadcast from the moon [source: NASA].”

Social media is a large platform. They can be websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking. The first images from the space launches where displayed everywhere from TVs to internet. NASA displayed them everywhere, and internet users took the information and ran with it. Images were printed, shared to emails, and basically was a start of social media for NASA.

Link 2:

  • Hendricks, D. (2013, May 8). The Complete History of Social Media: Then And Now. Small Business Trends. Retrieved July 12, 2014, from http://smallbiztrends.com/2013/05/the-complete-history-of-social-media-infographic.html
  • Interacting with friends and family across long distances has been a concern of humans for centuries. As social animals, people have always relied on communication to strengthen their relationships. When face-to-face discussions are impossible or inconvenient, humans have dreamed up plenty of creative solutions. It is important to understand the evolution of technology because with out it, communication would be a massive issue. 
  • Nugget: ”

    Two important discoveries happened in the last decade of the 1800s: The telephone in 1890 and the radio in 1891.

    Both technologies are still in use today, although the modern versions are much more sophisticated than their predecessors. Telephone lines and radio signals enabled people to communicate across great distances instantaneously, something that mankind had never experienced before.”

Now by looking at this nugget, one can wonder its importance. Why are the radio and telephone so important? The reason being that those two technological inventions were the birth of social media. The telephone started to eradicate snail mail, and the radio allowed programs to be played. People would share ideas and knowledge over the phone and radio and it was a huge stepping stone for the progression of more technological innovations for social media.

  • Nugget:

    “Technology began to change very rapidly in the 20th Century. After the first super computers were created in the 1940s, scientists and engineers began to develop ways to create networks between those computers, and this would later lead to the birth of the Internet.

    The earliest forms of the Internet, such as CompuServe, were developed in the 1960s. Primitive forms of email were also developed during this time. By the 70s, networking technology had improved, and 1979′s UseNet allowed users to communicate through a virtual newsletter.

    By the 1980s, home computers were becoming more common and social media was becoming more sophisticated. Internet relay chats, or IRCs, were first used in 1988 and continued to be popular well into the 1990′s.

    The first recognizable social media site, Six Degrees, was created in 1997. It enabled users to upload a profile and make friends with other users. In 1999, the first blogging sites became popular, creating a social media sensation that’s still popular today.”

Some of the first computers ran with only 10 megabytes of speed and were worth $5665. Since then, we clearly came a long way. The biggest development was the development of networks. These networks connected people together, and eventually people were connected internationally. But until then, people started companies that were designed for online chats. SixDegrees.com was a social network service website that lasted from 1997 to 2001 and was based on the Web of Contacts model of social networking. It was named after the six degrees of separation concept and allowed users to list friends, family members and acquaintances both on the site and externally; external contacts were invited to join the site. Users could send messages and post bulletin board items to people in their first, second, and third degrees, and see their connection to any other user on the site. It was one of the first manifestations of social networking websites in the format now seen today. 

Link 3:

  • Curtis, D. A. (2013, March 7). The Brief History of Social Media. The Brief History of Social Media. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from http://www2.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/NewMedia/SocialMedia/SocialMediaHistory.html
  • Social media are Internet sites where people interact freely, sharing and discussing information about each other and their lives, using a multimedia mix of personal words, pictures, videos and audio. At these Web sites, individuals and groups create and exchange content and engage in person-to-person conversations. They appear in many forms including blogs and microblogs, forums and message boards, social networks, wikis, virtual worlds, social bookmarking, tagging and news, writing communities, digital storytelling and scrapbooking, and data, content, image and video sharing, podcast portals, and collective intelligence. 
  • Nugget: ”
    The Prodigy online service was introduced. Later, it grew to become the second-largest online service provider in 1990, with 465,000 subscribers compared with CompuServe’s 600,000. In 1994, Prodigy pioneered sales of dial-up connections to the World Wide Web and hosting services for Web publishers. Subsequently, it was resold repeatedly and now is part of AT&T.
    1985

    The America Online (AOL) service opened.

AOL was the first online service of its kind. AOL Inc. (previously known as America Online, written as AOLis an American multinational mass media corporation based in New York City which develops, grows, and invests in brands and web sites. The company’s business spans digital distribution of content, products, and services, which it offers to consumers, publishers, and advertisers. AOL was also a fantastic way to open networking to a whole new level. This enabled users across the country to interact and share multimedia. 

  • Nugget:
    1992

    Tripod opened as a community online for college students and young adults.

    1993

    CERN donated the WWW technology to the world.

    Students at NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) displayed the first graphical browser, Mosaic, and Web pages as we know them today were born.

    More than 200 Web servers were online.

    THE DAWNING
    1994

    Beverly Hills Internet (BHI) started Geocities, which allowed users to create their own websites modeled after types of urban areas. GeoCities would cross the one million member mark by 1997. There were 38 million user Web pages on GeoCities before it was shut down for United States users in 2009. Yahoo, which opened as a major Internet search engine and index in 1994, owns GeoCities today and offers it only as a web hosting service for Japan.

    More than 1,500 Web servers were online in 1994 and people were referring to the Internet as theInformation Superhighway.

    EarthLink started up as an online service provider.

    1995

    Newsweek headlines an article: The Internet? Bah! Hype alert: Why cyberspace isn’t, and will never be, nirvana.   read it here »

    1997

    The Web had one million sites.

    Blogging begins.

    SixDegrees.com lets users create profiles and list friends.

    AOL Instant Messenger lets users chat.

    Blackboard is founded as an online course management system for educators and learners.

    1998

    Google opens as a major Internet search engine and index.

    1999

    Friends Reunited, remembered as the first online social network to achieve prominence, was founded in Great Britain to relocate past school pals.

    2000

    In the world of business and commerce, the dot.com bubble burst and the future online seemed bleak as the millennium turned.

    Seventy million computers were connected to the Internet.

    2001

    Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia and world’s largest wiki, was started.

    Apple started selling iPods.

These few years inbetween 1992-2001 seemed to be one of the fastest growing technological times that highly influenced social media. The creation of Tripod gave college kids and graduates the ability to network with each other, and meet new individuals. In 1993, the creation of webpages gave a massive boost for many wesbites. Today there are millions of websites. When 1997 hit, the amount of pages were not only incredible, but blogging had started. People could share ideas, pictures, and all kinds of multimedia content. It’s crazy to see how by 2000 there were 70 million computers connected to the internet. Today there are twice as more due to the boost of technology. This means that computers became less expensive, laptops became more popular, smartphones are user friendly and enable you to access anything you want, and also the development of tablets.

Synthesis: For my research, these three links are definitely some of the more important ones. The development of technology affected not only social media, but how NASA uses these innovations to obtain users and keep the public updated constantly. The development of the satellite by NASA directly affected technology, and social media improved. Engineers were able to develop websites and improve the internet. Dot.com companies exploded, and users were able to obtain access to the internet and connect with people not only within their country but across the world. Its pretty awesome how NASA is interconnected into all of this because, after all, they are innovators.

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