All posts by braxtondn

Concept Experience #4 ( Curate & Reflect)

I was surprised that not a lot of people replied to my tweets. You were right when you said that not a lot of people participate in the class activities.

My thoughts towards my interaction on twitter has changed because now i realized that twitter can be used for more than tweeting how i feel or what I’m currently doing. I now see that it is another way to connect and “network” with other people. ALthough not a lot of people may see it this way , since i noticed that not enough people participated in this experience. Nobody really interacted with me, so i wasn’t able to get much feedback.

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For the second picture, my comment was at the bottom. She interacted with everybody who commented. We had closely related topics, in a way, because i feel like because we both focused our topics on the sea age group and popular social medias, we could have provided good feedback and ideas.

After doing this twitter assignment, i was highly disappointed with my results. I didn’t receive as many comments, feedback, ideas, or anything about my topic. I made comments on people’s post stating what my topic was about and received only one notifications .Screen Shot 2014-07-03 at 1.11.25 PM



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In the end i only ended up finding one person to work with. Her name is Maryam Kaymanesh. Her topic is on teaching social media in high  school to prepare students for the future.

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Research Nugget 1

Link #1 :

  • Sifferlin, Alexandra. “Why Selfies Matter |” Time. Time,    06 Sept. 2013. Web. 02 July 2014.
  • The main point of Alexandra Sifferlin’s article is to show how selfies can be used a positive solution for fixing young teens’ self-image. The idea of a selfie is to be able to express your mood, feelings, and experiences all in one picture. THe saying ” A picture is worth a thousand words” really does apply to the idea of a “selfie”. By posting selfies on Instagram or Facebook, it can allow for teens to show how comfortable they are in their skin.
  • Nugget: “But increasingly, other experts say that selfies can also be a window into deeper adolescent issues. With Facebook becoming a prominent resource in young people’s’ therapy sessions, they could provide a useful jumping off point for addressing a teen’s or young adult’s self-perceptions. In cases where the patients find it hard to open up about issues, selfies could be a way for therapists to break the ice and start a dialogue about what the teen was feeling when the self-portrait was taken, or why he snapped the picture in the first place. “Scientific studies are gathering more information about the use of social media to help professionals recognize these as avenues to identify, support, and help young folks who may otherwise not receive this kind of attention,” says Letamendi. “Psychologically speaking, there may be some benefit to participating in sharing selfies because this practice is interwoven in our social culture and is a way to interact socially with others.”

The idea of a “selfie” can help explain why young teens have problems with their self-image. It can also explain a lot about a person and their life. By using selfies on social medias, it can help improve teens’ self-image because it is allowing the media to display pictures of teens comfortable with the way they look. Also they don’t need to look a certain way in order to take a selfie.

  • Nugget: “Even apart from situations where selfies can inform emotional or behavioral problems, for example, the material that children and adolescents view online — selfies included — can be influential in molding their sense of self. Research has shown that adults make emotional connections to what they see posted online, and that their behaviors and decisions are influenced by how peers in their social network are interacting. People often feel envy, loneliness and generally worse about themselves after perusing their friends’ party pictures, for instance, and the latest research, published this week in the Journal of Adolescent Health, suggests that teens are more likely to engage in risky activities like smoking and drinking if they see their friends doing it in photos.”

The idea of a selfie has become an asset to life, seeing how we have made social medias a main part of our lives.  Posting a self online and waiting to see how many likes or what kind of comments you will get, is the riskier part of posting pictures on the social network. We feed off of what our friends say, whether it is a compliment or them being honest and saying ” that wasn’t a great choice to put up”.


Link #2

  • Winter, Jessica. “Here’s Why Instagram Is Even More Depressing than Facebook.” Slate Magazine. The Slate Group, 23 July 2013. Web. 01 July 2014.
  • Jessica Winter makes an excellent point about the relationship between Instagram and self-esteem. She also talks about the main difference between Facebook and Instagram. Because Instagram is more photo-based, it allows for people to become more emotional when it comes to social media because of the fact that people are looking and judging on a daily basis or however often people decide to post a picture.
  • Nugget:”Krasnova’s research has led her to define what she calls an “envy spiral” peculiar to social media. “If you see beautiful photos of your friend on Instagram,” she says, “one way to compensate is to self-present with even better photos, and then your friend sees your photos and posts even better photos, and so on. Self-promotion triggers more self-promotion, and the world on social media gets further and further from reality.” Granted, an envy spiral can unspool just as easily on Facebook or Twitter. But for a truly gladiatorial battle of the selfies, Instagram is the only rightful Colosseum.”

To boost your own self-esteem/ self-promotion, people will try to  post better pictures than their friends in order to get the acceptance that they need. A selfie can either make or break a person’s self-image by the feed backed received. To people, their friends’ opinions and comments on a picture does matter because it helps re-assure them that they are accepted in society.

  • Nugget: “A closer look at Facebook studies also supports an untested but tantalizing hypothesis: that, despite all the evidence, Facebook is actually not the greatest underminer at the social-media cocktail party (that you probably weren’t invited to, but you saw the pictures and it looked incredible). Facebook is not the frenemy with the most heads. That title, in fact, goes to Instagram. Here’s why”

The impact that Instagram is more powerful than Facebook’s. This is mostly because of the differences between each sites main purpose. Posting pictures ( Instagram ) is more influential to a person’s self-image rather than status updates about where people just took a vacation (Facebook). A picture can make or break a person, along with the comments and amount of likes.

Link #3

  • Walker, Melissa. “The Good, the Bad, and the Unexpected Consequences of Selfie Obsession.” Teenvogue Content. Teen Vogue, 11 Sept. 2013. Web. 03 July 2014.
  • The main idea of Melissa Walker’s article is about the main purpose of a selfie. Posting selfies can help “validate” your existence / identity. It was also to explain that if you post multiple selfies on Instagram then you suffer from a poor self-image
  • Nugget: “Part of the reason for their popularity?”The cult of the selfie celebrates regular people,” says Pamela Rutledge, Ph.D., faculty director of the media psychology program at the Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology. “There are many more photographs available now of real people than models.” And posting selfies is an empowering act for another reason: It allows you to control your image online. “I am painfully self-conscious about photos of myself,” admits Samantha, nineteen, from Missouri. “I like having the power to choose how I look, even if I’m making a funny face”

The idea of a selfie provides comfort to most teens because it provides re-assurance that it is okay to look the way they do. This is becoming the main solution to boosting teens self-image. ANTM can help promote a positive self -image by uploading “selfies” of the models on the show.



SYNTHESIS : All three articles relate to one another, in a since that they all talk about the “selfies” and how Instagram plays a bigger role in teens’ lives than Facebook. Its more important because it is a site solely based on photo sharing, “likes”, comments, and “selfies”. The amount of likes and comments received on each picture helps either increase or decrease a teen’s self-image. Instagram is more of the social enemy than Facebook. These articles are supporting my solution to the problem of creating poor self-images. If ANTM decided to post personal “selfies” of the models on their Facebook and Instagram pages, instead of just posting professional pictures. After  re-reading my Concept#3 and learning how much the new media plays with our emotions , i can see that media and our emotions are closely related.

Computer Lib/ Dream Machine

“I have not mentioned the emotions. Movies and books, music and even architecture have for all of us been part of important emotional moments. The same is going to happen with the new media. To work at a highly responsive computer display screen, for instance, can be deeply exciting, like flying an airplane through a canyon, or talking to somebody brilliant. This is as it should be. (“The reason is, and by rights ought to be, slave to the emotions.”—Bertrand Russell.)In the design of our future media and systems, we should not shrink from this emotional aspect as a legitimate part of our fantic (see p. 317) design. The substratum of technicalities and the mind-bending, gut-slamming effects they produce, are two sides of the same coin; and to understand the one is not necessarily to be alienated from the other.”

- Ted Nelson

I found this article extremely interesting because it relates to my Inquiry Project topic.  I agree with what Nelson said when he states “In the design of our future media and systems, we should not shrink from this emotional aspect as a legitimate part of our fantic design”. Although the media puts things on the internet, specifically social medias, we do not have to allow these posts to effect our emotions. We should be able to enjoy the posts made by others without feeling  threatened or put down. The way our new medias are designed,today, we encounter things such as: cyberbullying, development of poor self-images, and fights  being posted online for entertainment. In Maryam’s Blog she chose an interesting nugget and made interesting points. If we did not use our creative minds to come up with new ideas and new inventions, then we wouldn’t have developed half of the technology and ideas that we have today. Somebody had to think of the idea to attack people’s emotions behind a computer screen, cellphone, or tablet. The idea wasn’t just put on Earth by the World Creator. Another thing is that people have to come up with creative sites to make. The creator of World Star had to actually sit down and think of what should and shouldn’t be allowed on their website. Most videos posted on this site are fights that are beyond violent and looked at as entertainment for young teens.  Nelson is agreeing with the idea that the way the new media is being designed and used,now,  is now effecting our emotions.

We do not have to continue to let media have this effect.  I also enjoyed the simile that he used by comparing the emotional toll that the new media can have on us. He compared using the computer to the joy of flying on an airplane and seeing the great view. The things that are being posted on the internet can have such an emotional effect on humans, that sometimes we don’t realize it until it has already happened unintentionally. We have the potential to redesign the new media, but are we willing to do it?





My Research strategy

1. What is your research question? This should be revised since your inquiry proposal and should begin with HOW or WHY or maybe WHAT? Be as specific as you can. Underline the key concepts (the most important words or phrases).

How can “America’s Next Top Model” use Facebook and Instagram to help teens have a positive self-image?

** I was not able to underline on here, so I italicize the words**

2. List the key concepts you underlined in #1. After each key concept, put a colon and write the related words or synonyms. Don’t forget to use OR for related words and concepts.

For example:
This is a weak topic because it’s so common and there’s little new to say about it, BUT since it was used in the video, I use it here for your convenience. YOUR topics are, of course, WAY better!

Euthanasia: euthenize OR mercy killing OR Assisted Suicide

Ethical: ethics OR morals OR conduct

“America’s Next Top Model” : modeling OR television show OR Tyra Banks OR competition

Facebook: social network enemy OR social network OR networking OR status updates OR photo/video sharing OR “like” button

Instagram: popular teen site OR social network OR “selfies”OR photo sharing OR “likes” OR followers

Self-image: Ego OR positive/negative OR self-esteem OR self opinions


3. Take a look at the concepts and related phrases you listed in Number 2. In the space below, use the asterisk (*) to truncate search terms as appropriate.

*personal image


*social networks

*television show




Inquiry Project Proposal

“Too skinny,  too fat,  too tall, too short,  not blonde enough, not enough “likes” on a Facebook or Instagram post”.  Those are things that the media has young women saying about themselves and worrying about. Have you ever just took a step back from the media, specifically television shows and social networks and realized what effects it has on our lives? The media has more negative affects on the way that young women, today, view themselves than they do positive. After noticing this idea, i began to look deeper in this topic and came up with an interesting and very specific question: How can “America’s Next Top Model“( ANTM) use social medias, specifically Facebook and Instagram, to help teens develop a positive self-image?

There was a study done and the results showed that only 18% of the people surveyed, were unaffected by the media when it came to self image. I am not apart of the 18% because i have let shows like ANTM affect my self-image and after watching this show, I have developed a poor image of myself. This subject is very interesting to me because i believe that having a positive self-image is extremely important to possess if you want to live a happy life. Most television producers are more concerned with the popularity of their show instead of how the show is affecting everyday lives.  ANTM is a popular show that young women watch because most girls dream of being a model. They begin to dream of one day look like the models on the show; which is,deep down, causing them to look down on themselves.

The initial idea of Facebook and Instagram is to connect with friend and share recent pictures/ memories with people.  Now the main idea has evolved into “how many likes and comments can i get on my picture?” Teens are beginning to think that if they don’t get a certain amount of likes on their photos then they aren’t as attractive as they thought they were.  That is when they begin to use photo filters to adjust how they look on the internet. If ANTM starts to display more pictures of women of all sizes on their Facebook and Instagram pages then young women will begin to feel more comfortable and accepted by society. I specifically chose Facebook and Instagram because those are the two most popular sites used for photo sharing by teens.

Augmenting Human Intellect ( Nugget#3 )

“Pervading all of the augmentation means is a particular structure or organization. While an untrained aborigine cannot drive a car through traffic, because he cannot leap the gap between his cultural background and the kind of world that contains cars and traffic, it is possible to move step by step through an organized training program that will enable him to drive effectively and safely. In other words, the human mind neither learns nor acts by large leaps, but by steps organized or structured so that each one depends upon previous steps. Although the size of the step a human being can take in comprehension, innovation, or execution is small in comparison to the over-all size of the step needed to solve a complex problem, human beings nevertheless do solve complex problems. It is the augmentation means that serve to break down a large problem in such a way that the human being can walk through it with his little steps, and it is the structure or organization of these little steps or actions that we discuss as process hierarchies.”

- Doug Engelbart


This part of the article is very relevant to life and the way people handle specific problems.  Most people choose not to jump head on when solving problems because they do not know what to expect. I especially like Englebart’s traffic example because it was a great way of showing how people decide to solve certain problems. If people chose to just go forth with a decision without fully thinking about it, then in the end they will be blindsided by what follows; whether its a good thing or bad. Its a 50-50 chance of either one.I also agree with the statement “In other words, the human mind neither learns nor acts by large leaps, but by steps organized or structured so that each one depends upon previous steps.” (Engelbart) . To me, this reminds me of cause and effect. for example, because there was traffic, it caused the driver to think of another way to reach his destination.Whether he wanted to be a reckless driver and cut people off in order to move around the traffic faster or whether he decided to take an alternate route.

I am coming to realize that media helps researchers build off of other’s ideas. There is no way around it because when a person goes on Google to look something up, they initially know what they are looking for. Then the computer provides other ideas and searches in order for the researcher to continue on with his/ her investigation. After doing the Wikipedia assignment (Concept#2) last week, which was a great way of showing how things are linked together and how topics and ideas are built off of one another, i can conclude that the computer resources help link together different people’s ideas on almost every topic. I didn’t expect to find so many things linked to  self-image when i began to research it, but i was shocked at what i found.

After reading some of the blogs, i was interested in what was said in What’s for Dinher’s blog. There is no specific way to approach one specific problem. If the first way that the problem was approached and your results were not what you wanted or expected then try it from a different perceptive. There is no right or wrong way as long as there is an outcome.

Progress Report/Reflection #2

During week two, I have began to think about what i wanted to do my inquiry project on. I decided to research self-image through the lens of new media. The media has a lot of effects on how people’s self-image has evolved. I am looking forward to this project because this is such an interesting topic to me, seeing how i once struggled with my self-image. I do not really know if i let the media influence my self-image now, but i am aware that there are some teenagers in this world that let the media, whether its magazines, tv shows, models, or movies, effect how they look.

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This week we also read an article by Licklider about “man-computer symbiosis”. It talked about the relation we had between ourselves and the technology. I was able to connect it back to the Bush reading because the Licklider article provided more evidence to what Bush was saying. We, as people and researchers, depend on the computer more than our brains because it is a faster resource for knowledge and it is a beneficial helping tool when conducting research.  I am enjoying these readings because it is opening my eyes up to the fact that research, now, can not be done without the use of technology. I always knew that we depended on technology for a variety of things, but we use it more than we realize.

Reflective Concept #2

In my opinion, I believe that Licklider’s idea of formulated vs. formulative thinking can be solely based upon the concept of the ” Man- COmputer Symbiosis”. The idea that humans depend on computers and technology to do their thinking for them, makes it very difficult for formulative thinking to take plus; thus making it easier for computers to develop thoughts and ideas for us. However, the information consumed from the computer will help people piece together the information from the computer and from the brain, in order to form a complete thought and to have good research. Licklider states that “Present-day computers are designed primarily to solve preformulated problems or to process data according to predetermined procedures.” This shows that researchers go on the internet with an idea of what they already want to know. They just rely on the internet for the next step.


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Concept #2

  1. Self-image:

The first thing I typed into wikipedia was my broad topic of “self image”. I was met with a variety of links and interesting information. From there I continued to click on the multiple links below.

  1. self-schema:

This was the first link that I clicked on because it seemed to really link to the definition of self-image. From there I read the article and moved on to next link because that seemed to finally focus on the main topic of my inquiry project.

  1. effects of advertising on teen body image:

The information on this page was the most interesting to me because it seemed to answer the question of my interest. It talked about the main effects coming from movies and televisions shows because of the influence to get plastic surgery.

  1. plastic surgery:

After coming to this page and reading the information, I came to a dead end because I couldn’t further my research in plastic surgery. This link was resourceful but I needed to be able to go further with this, but was unable to do so. I had to go back to “effects of advertising on teen body image” to find another useful link.

  1. thigh gap:

This was a useful page to use. It provided me with the next 5 links. I had no idea at first that those things had anything to do with the idea of a “thigh gap”.

  1. media depictions of body shape:

The information on this link helped add more evidence to my topic. There was another dead end on this website, so I had to go back and look for more useful links.

  1. self-concept:

Again this was another dead end, so I had to go back.

  1. self-knowledge:

Coming to an end to my Wikipedia links, this became another dead end and made me revise my steps.

  1. the thin ideal:

Based off of the knowledge that I was already aware of when thinking about media and self-image, I knew that being thin was one of the main focuses when it came to media. I typed in the “thin ideal” and came across this link, which also led me to the “ female body shape”.

  1. female body shape:

This was my last link and also another dead end. This was the end of my Wikipedia research process.