Ted Nelsons Lib/Dream Machines Nugget Post

“It matters because we live in media, as a fish lives in water. (Many people are prisoners of the media, many are manipulators, and many want to use them to communicate artistic visions.)”

“But today, at this moment,  we can and must design the media, design the molecules of our new water, and I believe that the details of this design matter very deeply. They will be with us for a very long time, perhaps as long as man has left; perhaps if they are as good as they can be, man may even buy more time – or the open-ended future most suppose remains.” 

This nugget from Ted Nelson’s article From Computer Lib/ Dream Machines might have helped me pick a research question for my Inquiry project. Now from my previous post about my inquiry project, I explained how I wanted to dabble with the topic of internet addiction but did not have a specific area that I was set on. I think that Nelson brought up a good point that it is very important to contribute to what is put out on the media, because we can produce positivity rather than focus on the negativity. So reflecting on my project proposal I decided I might change some things.

So the word addiction seems a little harsh and brings up bad connotations. What if I were to change the word to obsession. Internet obsession. Because if you think about it obsession could either bring out the bad or highlight greatness. If catered right obsession can focus on passion, and passion can bring new ideas, inventions and help someone grow intellectually.


This way my research question can change to: What are the positive and negative outcomes that internet obsession can bring.

I agree with Nelson when he says that computers are not everything but just an aspect of everything. We need to learn to focus our intentions on the internet so that it is beneficial rather than a hinderance on other “aspects of everything”. Not only in my inquiry project will highlight some of the things that internet obsession may cause (like addiction) but also bring to light some of the positive things that come from obsessing about something until perfected.

I am curious to see if people think this is a better idea than my previous proposal, because some of the commenters in that post such as  zhaowv pointed that it is very individual and not every obsession is a hinderance on aspects of life. Let me know what you think in the comments, I take in consideration everyones opinions!


Computer Lib/Dream Machine: What’s next for media? (nugget post)

“I have not mentioned the emotions. Movies and books, music and even architecture have for all of us been part of important emotional moments. The same is going to happen with the new media. To work at a highly responsive computer display screen, for instance, can be deeply exciting, like flying an airplane through a canyon, or talking to somebody brilliant. This is as it should be. (“The reason is, and by rights ought to be, slave to the emotions.”—Bertrand Russell)”

In Ted Nelson’s, Computer Lib/Dream Machine, the author presents a visionary of two books that discuss the entwined relationship between computers and dreams. More specifically, the author really emphasizes the importance of knowing and understanding computers deeply. What the author also emphasizes, is the use of new media and its future evolvement which was clearly shown with the sudden creation and creativity of new technology and social media sites. The author makes computers fascinating again and I think often times one forgets how brilliant and intelligent our technology is. There is even a certain beauty behind it because as the author says in Dream Machines, computers have brought upon creativity in terms of animation and things such as hypertext.

There was one particular passage that really moved me as I am starting my research about Instagram. The passage bolded above accentuates emotion, emotion drives creativity and inspiration. Emotion is what is behind some of the greatest works of all time. He also talks about his excitement about new media and I think this excitement is one that should be there because new media is truly exciting. Things such as Instagram and Twitter are so brilliant and are so simple yet complex.

It is so true that it is such a big emotional moment when media such as cinema, books, music, and architecture has come about because it is something that connects humans with their inner feelings and souls. Everyone has a sort of passion that uses some kind of media, whether that is digital or art related, emotion is the forefront of that. When media such as Facebook and MySpace came, there was a surge of popularity and satisfaction because the media not only made them feel connected but also a part of something. MySpace brought upon excitement and inspiration for other social media but what social media did was emphasize the importance of different kinds of media in general. For example, Tumblr has paved a way for artists, painters, and musicians to showcase some of their work. Even YouTube fostered a certain kind of creativity about video sharing that eventually led to things such as Vine.

Here are two incredibly interesting articles that really fits great into Ted Nelson’s passage above, there is this sort of excitement behind new media because, again, emotion is what keeps individuals coming back to sites like Instagram or FaceBook.


-This article talks about the next potential popular social media site that may even surpass FaceBook, “We Heart it” may be the new face of social media.



-This article talks a lot of about the future for social media, from video sharing to different advertising techniques; in this year we will find that the ever popular SnapChat, is what is popular in the social media world.

Moreover, it will be interesting yet exciting to see what new media arises.

Computer Lib/ Dream Machines Nugget Post

As I read this article of Ted Nelson’s Computer Lib/Dream Machines, I tried to keep in mind my own research project of social media and how it has affected music. While this article doesn’t have anything to do with music, I was able to find a passage that dealt with social media and technology:

“Technology is an expression of man’s dreams. If man
did not indulge his fantasies, his thoughts alone
would inhibit the development of technology itself.
Ancient visionaries spoke of distant times and places,
where men flew around and about, and some could
see each other at great distance. The technological
realities of today are already obsolete and the future
of technology is bound only by the limits of our
dreams. Modern communications media and in
particular electronic media are outgrowths and
extensions of those senses which have become
dominant in our social development”

This passage spoke to me and my project because of how social media has been used to expand music. The passage demands that man must indulge in his dreams, to try to make them possible and to work hard so that they can be possible in the future. Like the passage says, if we do not indulge and are only left with thoughts and not actions, our technology will become obsolete.

Don't Give Up, Nelly
Don’t Give Up, Nelly

This passage can be related to my research project in that those who have used social media to their advantage have indulged in their fantasies and have tried to make their dreams a reality. Using websites and social medias such as Youtube, Vine and others, artists have been able to post up their own music for people to see and experience. The passage states that what we believe to be possible is only bound by our dreams, and asks us to make them a reality so that others can experience them. To do this, people have used social media, or outgrowths and extensions as described by the passage, to make these dreams possible. Without social media and its far reaching places, expanding our dreams would not be nearly as easy.

Inception Rules
Inception Rules


While our ideas may not be as complex as Inception, they are the beginnings of every reality that has ever came to be in our world. From small advancements to new in the technology world, every great invention had to start somewhere; in our mind. Our mind’s ideas have been able to be extended through use of social media so that these ideas can be extended and developed with the help of others as well.

Nugget Assignment #4: “Ted Nelson’s Computer Lib/Dream Machines”

“Computers are simply a necessary and enjoyable part of life, like food and books. Computers are not everything, they are just an aspect of everything, and not to know this is computer illiteracy, a silly and dangerous ignorance. ”

The reason that choose this nugget was because of how true it is. Now a days, with the advancement of technology everything can be found online, from the phone number of a local restaurant to the the purchase of a car. Almost anything can be done online and having a computer has become a necessary thing in everyday life in order to stay up to date with everything. It says that computers are simply necessary and enjoyable part of life, like food and books. But don’t we need food in order to survive, yes it is true that we don’t need to eat for a week or two but we eventually need food. Just like how you might not need a computer right now but in a year or so you need a computer in order to thrive in the type of society that we live in. A society where everything is changing from manual to  mechanical.

When I was growing up,  it was rare for a child to have a computer but the moment I entered high school, I learned that I needed a laptop in order to do my homework. Now a days kids are early has middle school needs to purchase a laptop before school starts and they are required to have the laptops with them at all times during school hours.

s. Children Using Computers in, Classroom


Also, in order to be a competitive person in whatever field that you are studying or currently in, it is imperative that you stay on top of everything, whether it be on the latest trends, the newest advancements in your field and so on. And the best and effective way to achieve this is through a computer, yes you can go through newspapers and find articles in magazines but that will take way to long, instead using a computer will help you find what you are searching for faster and more effective.

In the last part of the nugget it mentions that not having a computer is computer illiteracy which can be dangerous and foolish. The computer is the stepping stone to every single other technological advancement out. If you don’t know how to use something as basic as a computer, then how will you be able to use other technology?


Like mentioned earlier, you don’t need a computer to survive and be the best that you can been in society, however getting and learning how to use a computer will help you ten folds and will help you to become more successful in the future.

Inquiry Project~~Addiction

For my inquiry project I decided to look into the spiraling world of addiction and discuss how the internet can create new addictions or amplify old ones as well as the repercussions that it may cause.

the fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity.
Synonyms: Dependency, dependence,habit, problem
To begin with I would like to explain that I do not think that the internet causes addictions. Addictions come from the user, generally speaking, when they have an addictive personality or are trying to make up for something they feel is lacking in their life.  So what I am actually looking into is how the internet provides thousands of different forums, social media, and websites that make it easier for someone to supply their fix and specifically look into addictions that pertain solely to the internet.
My research was funded by questions that I had, a few of them include:
What kinds of addictions pertain to the internet?
Is it easier to get addicted to the internet if you have social anxiety?
How do these addictions affect our lives outside of the internet?
Do these addictions create bigger problems that affect others besides the user.
How do these addictions start?
I have not found my perfect research question yet but I thought to help further my process I would look into these research questions to get more information.
  1. Cyber sexual addiction (addicted to cyber porn or adult chat rooms)

Most people in the world have had an experience with online porn. What establishes this addiction is when it hinders intimate relationships or evolves to something illegal. Almost half of all internet addictions stem from online pornography. Does this make pornography bad?

2. ) Cyber relationship addiction (cyber affairs or using online relationships to replace real life friends and family)

With social media websites like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter it is extremely easy to get sucked into a world of thousands of online followers and friends. This type of contact may seem perfect to people who suffer from social anxiety because you can hide behind the computer screen. Forums give a sense of hidden confidence where it is easier to say things since it is not face to face. Not only can this affect relationships you may have outside of cyber space but also it can lead to online bullying, cat-fishing, and even sexual harassment.

3. ) Net compulsions (obsessive online gambling or shopping)

Money becomes less of an object when it comes to the internet. This makes it easier for people to test the boundaries with money. Whether its online gambling or online shopping, it is easier to throw away money to gain a sense of short lived joy.

4.) Information overload (compulsive database searches)

With answers at our fingertips, it is easy extremely easy to get absorbed in all the information. Although I think this is the least detrimental, it still can cause some problems when it affect your learning process and the ability to actually retain the information.

5.) Computer addiction (obsessive game playing)

One of the most known addictions is online game playing. There are thousands of online gaming websites along with computer games you can by at the store.

These are all addictions that are getting more and more prominent due to the rise of internet accessibility. Nowadays it may seem easier to go online in the comfort of your own home than deal with the mundane tasks of real life.

Call for Responses
Should we limit what is contained on the internet?
How could internet addictions be prevented?
How can these addictions affect our lives?

Inquiry Project #3

Using the heuristic I have gotten my question:

I am studying double standards in media

because I want to find out why there is still a dividing line between the genders and what is causing it

in order to help my readers accept gender equality between all genders in today’s society.

Research Question: Why are there still double standards in today’s media perpetuating the stereotypes of women and men?

After researching and trying to find think about topic ideas I have decided on double standards in digital media, whether it is on social media or on television. Everyone gets subjected to stereotypes, especially when it comes to what is meant specifically for girls and meant specifically for guys. There should be no dividing line separating the genders. Having to label your gender is even creating a more noticeable line between the two. Not everyone identifies with a specific boy or girl gender. The world is evolving into a more welcoming place for everyone to be who they are, with some cases of people still believing in everyone being separate depending on what their sex is.

This picture shows double standards aren’t just a thing for women to believe against men or men to believe against women. Women are putting down other women just like men are putting down other men.

One of my favorite articles that I read about double standards talks bout the music video for Blurred Lines by Robin Thicke. The article talks about how the video basically promotes sexually objectifying women. The 4 minute video shows practically naked women dancing around Pharrell in Robin Thicke. The article discusses how this can show woman that it is okay for men to treat them this way and it shows men that it is acceptable to treat woman like that. They introduce the parody video appropriately titled “Defined Lines”. Done by students at the University of Aukland, it is three, fully clothes, girls and three men only in briefs. The changed the lyrics to discuss today’s issues with misogyny and problems with inequality. The video was removed because it was considered hate speech while Blurred Lines was not removed from YouTube even though it eluded to rape. You can watch the video here.

The next article I found was about gender roles in media. You can find it here. This article shows that some manufacturers advertise entirely to one gender, while some are now breaking the norms and making their ads gender neutral. Then go on to talk about movies and films and how a movie leans toward one stereotype and makes a lot of money, the industry will continue to make movies like it. The emphasis of this article is that gender roles are only gender roles if we, as people who get to choose how we live, decide to fill those stereotypical roles.

My final article is about Hilary Clinton and the words she had to say at the Woman of the World conference. She is specifically only talk about gender roles that have been placed on women, but she makes some very good points. She advises young women on how to overcome the double standards, but guys can take hints from her as well in how not to let the social norm gender roles affect you and how you run your own life.

By reading these three articles and the other random ones I found, I have realized that you won’t find a lot about double standards for men, even though there are plenty out there. This is a problem  I am going to have to do more research on to find more information. The article about Blurred Lines shows the harm in teaching today’s society that double standards are okay, and it is definitely not. Hilary Clinton’s words on how to over come and change the stereotypes are a great way to deal with people’s views on gender roles.

My questions for you readers are:

  • What are your opinions on double standards in today’s media?
  • When you think of stereotypical women and men’s roles in society, what do you think of?
  • Please watch the original Blurred Lines music video (preferably uncensored) and then watch the parody. They both had separate negative comments on them (Blurred Lines: “rapey” & let people think it as okay to treat women as sexual objects. Defined Lines: Classified all men into one category & was considered hate speech) and I would like your own opinions on the two videos. Compare them, think of them as two different double standards, whatever you want. How did they make you feel as a woman or a man watching these videos that put down your gender?

Inquiry Project: Esports

I am studying esports because I want to find out the different conceptions regarding videogames in order to help my readers  question what characteristics define a sport.

What characteristics define a sport and how does esports fit into this in the progression of technology?

So what are esports? Is it just people playing a videogame? I say no. Major League Gaming, a North American professional Electronic sports organization, has consistently made the comparison of esports to regular sports. Esports consist of the same elements of teamwork, skill, training, competition, and even its own fan base. Yet, the debate of whether video games should be considered a sport continue. Is it the negative connotation associated with videogames? I feel that videogames are equated with antisocial, unproductive, and laziness.

Or maybe, its the fact that esports is so new and recent compared to traditional sports. In this new world of technology, these definitions toward the virtual world are becoming outdated. Will it really take technology reaching the point of virtual reality before digital games, as opposed to physical, become accepted as sports?

Yet, the issues concerning videogames seems mostly prevalent only in the western world. In the East, games are advertised much more and accepted. Internet Cafes and PC lounges where such games can be played are prevalent and only helps to encourage the culture of gaming. The population that follow esports is also significantly larger as a result and the potential for a career is more significant. Even in more traditional families, videogames become just a matter of moderation and stress relief while still providing an alternate route to success. There have been estimates to be 10 million South Koreans that regularly follow esports. Such a major difference in attitude  between two sections of the world.

Games, such as League of Legends, can attract tens of thousands spectators to live events where they can support the professional players. Tournaments, prize pools, and coverage have only grown larger with time.

League of Legends Worlds Tournament 2013

This may be due as a result of the creation of Justin.tv and now Twitch.tv dedicated completely to the coverage of games. This has led to simple access and live streams to watch the games you want by the players you’re interested in. Aside from publicity, it also promotes a chance for a career as well as generate revenue. This field is not without its own share of controversy such as fair play or how players and commentators should conduct themselves. But does this not only emphasize the growth of this community and it’s comparison to other sports? If a commentator for a sport is out of line, they are fired. Should one for an esport not also be fired? It’s these dynamics that continue to develop this community.

*Edit: Some questions have been changed for clarity.

Call for responses

What do you consider as sports? Is chess a sport? What about poker?

To what extent do you consider non-team games (golf, tennis, skateboarding) an extension of a sport? Does this extend to esports (Call of duty, Halo, SSBB?

Do you think esports will continue to grow? Do you think esports will be accepted anytime in the near future?

Inquiry Project Part 3.

I am studying Practical effects, Stunts, and Computer generated imagery(CGI).

because I want to find out why the former two have been overwhelmingly phased out in favor CGI, even in cases where it produces poorer or more expensive results.

in order to help my readers more thoroughly understand the current state of motion pictures

Research Question. What makes a variety of effects more “real” then just solely using CGI

Effects in movies are all about suspense of disbelief. Essentially when ever there is a monster on-screen in Alien you know it’s a man in a suit, or a giant animatronic dummy if we are talking about the queen. The Deathstar was a miniature, Yoda was a puppet, and lightsabers are just rotoscoped scribbles over what was basically a broom handle.

So if all of these things are “fake” why do not ruin the experience ? There is a lot too this answer, but really all it boils down too is fidelity. Fidelity is that unquantifiable thing that makes what is fake seem real. Was they Deathstar a miniature? Yes but it looks like a giant moon sized space station, it fills space like a giant moon sized station, everyone treats it as such. Yoda was a puppet; yes he was, but he was acted out and Puppeted in such a way by Frank Oz that it never broke fidelity. As for lightsabers, Between the physicality given to them by actually being a real thing augmented to seem its something else, the sound they make and the light they cast they appear to actually be there.

What does any of this have to do with my research question?


If fidelity is the absolute basis of all effects in a film what happens when certain effects are favored even when they don’t actually fit. If you are beginning to think now of all the films with effects that are just hot garbage like the ones in absolute shit films like Birdemic or Syfy Saturday movies such as Sharktopus or Pirahanacanda (those are both real movies… ones about a shark-octopus hybrid, the others about a piranha-anaconda hybrid if you couldn’t guess. Oh they both go on killing sprees as well.)Then you are not quite getting what i am saying.

What i am talking about is crap like this scene  (skip to 1:00)from Along Came a Spider (2001).

Holy Crap when that car crashes… it just…. it just looks so bad. They seriously breached fidelity here, let me explain why. For starters the car just goes nuts when that dude is shot, this is a movie that is supposed to be grounded in realism (not all movies are, go watch Who Framed Roger Rabbit if you don’t understand that distinction) so when the car reacted that way it’s jarring. Secondly the human “puppets” created in the CGI shot just look like crap. Finally and more importantly, there was nothing in that shot that called for CGI (sans unrealistic car crash)why not just crash a real car? That would have looked 100% real because it would have been real. you dig it?

Now if that is bad example whats good example of fidelity? In my opinion (and in the opinion of this guy)the best example would be Jurassic Park. Jurassic park uses every method of trickery possible to make the dinosaurs seem real. For shots where the raptors had to move in a way that animitronics or men in suits would not allow CGI was used, but it was used intelligently. When the animals brush up against something instead of ignoring physics because they aren’t actually there the item they touch will still move and make a noise. When however they could use something real to make the effect they did. When the T-Rex smashes through the roof of the jeep the kids are in there is an actual physical giant animitronic dinosaur smashing through the glass.

The genre of movies that is probably the most adversely affected by the use of the wrong effect is Horror movies. Unlike other genres suspense is more important to a horror movie than action is and poor use of effects hurts that dynamic. CGI specifically allows for what  was once just not doable to be created in a lazy way, as detailed here, which breaks the suspense/action dynamic.

I however do not believe that CGI itself is the problem, the problem is using it where something physical would be a better fit, and vice versa. One of my current favorite movies is Pacific Rim, and ill put it bluntly, that could have never ever been done in a way that was not laughably cheesy using practical effects. It would of looked like a terrible episode of The Power Rangers, or one of the less well done Godzilla movies. There lies a great deal of what I am looking into, what is the right choice for most of these films, and if there is a right choice why is the wrong one made.


How do you feel about the use of CGI Vs practical effects?

Which do you prefer in general and why

In your Television and movie watch experience which is more frequently done wrong?

Any specific movies you think used one or the other to its fullest (don’t say avatar I have a vendetta against that movie )

Inquiry Project, Week Three: Fanfiction is Really Cool

I am studying derivative works in the internet age because I want to find out what makes fanworks, particularly fanfiction, so valuable to so many people in order to help my readers question whether publishing an original work is necessary to legitimize someone as a writer.

What is the value of fanfiction?

I have a lot of experience in the fanfiction world. I even have some friends who do some scholarship in the area. As I’ve gotten older, my opinions of fanfiction have changed, and I’ve gotten less and less ashamed of it. On the contrary, I’m getting more and more protective of it.

I’ve had fics translated into a few different languages, including Chinese and Korean. My Korean translator mentioned that anyone who wants to read her translation will need to email her for a password for protection reasons. That was when I learned about the state of internet censorship in South Korea. In posting the translation of my fic, she was risking losing her internet access, or even jail time.

Meanwhile, in China, people are being arrested and sites shut down. After the crackdown where a bunch of women’s houses were entered, the women arrested, and sites shut down, I tried to get ahold of my Chinese translators to see if they were okay. I haven’t heard from any of them since then.

Given how much people are willing to risk, I feel like fanfiction can’t be dismissed as a silly hobby, or a subclass of writing. I think there’s an argument to be made that fanfiction has its place as a literary genre on its own.

In the past week, I’ve come across a number of interesting articles about fanfiction. If you don’t know anything about fanfiction, start with this one, In Defense of Fanfiction. If you only read one of these, pick this one. It’s highly accessible and begins to raise some points that I look forward to exploring more deeply, like the value of fic to literacy and community. It skims over some things that I need to do more research on, like the legality of fanworks. I’m not entirely sure how much time I want to devote to discussing that, but it’s something I feel I should at least mention.

From there, What Is Fanfiction and Why Are People Saying Such Nice Things about It? is a good next step. It hits on nearly everything I was looking to research in this stage: the history of fanfiction, the opportunities it provides for marginalized groups to achieve representation, fanfiction as a sort of literary training wheels for writers, and fanfiction as a literary genre in its own right.

On the far end, I found Homosexuality at the Online Hogwarts: Harry Potter Slash Fanfiction. While it went into more detail on some of the points skimmed over in What Is Fanfiction (mostly on the topic of representation), I felt that it sometimes tended to stray into more straight-up literary analysis territory in trying to interpret the source’s subtext.

(What I’m saying here is the author gets very excited about how very gay Hogwarts probably is.)

I mean...
I mean…

Here’s the TL;DR:

Anyways, that’s where I’m starting from. Now, for the participatory portion of this post:

  • What kind of experiences have you had around fanfiction or other derivative works, like fanart or filk?
  • If you’ve had no experiences with it, what is your perception of it?
  • What do you think about the kind of people who read and/or write fanfiction as a hobby? (No judgment from me!)
  • Would you call someone who writes fanfiction on the internet a writer? Why or why not?
  • What do you think of this as a topic? Is there enough to write a big thing on?