The use of technology to clone humans and animals are unethical
The technology of clone become an ethical issue in the past few years. There are so many potential harms or disadvantages and medical benefits for both sides of clone. First we should know what is clone, clone is a process of biology that a group of identical cells naturally derived from a common parent cell. We can easily say that clone is transfer the gene from one to another and the clones will have the similar gene. However, scientists just found and developed this technology, but it also causes some ethical issues. What if you see a person look the same with you, how do you think? What if he or she replace you, what are you going to do? The technology of clone is an double-edged sword.
First, we should know what is clone. Cloning can also be understood as copy, copy, is produced from the prototype replica of the same, its appearance and the same genes and prototype. Today, the meaning of “cloning” is not only a “clone”, all from the same ancestor, asexual reproduction of a group of individuals, also known as “cloning”. The asexual descendants from the same ancestor group also known as “cloning”, referred to as the clone. In short is a way of artificial induction of asexual reproduction. But cloning and asexual reproduction is different. Asexual reproduction is a combination of means without a male and female sexual reproductive cells, only by an organism to produce offspring reproductive way, common spore reproductive, budding reproduction and reproductive division. By plant roots, stems, leaves, etc. Through the layering, cutting or grafting methods such as to generate new individual is also called the asexual reproduction. Sheep, cattle and monkeys animals cannot be asexual reproduction without manual operation.
With the current technology of clone, the process of cloning still has limited success. 3 percent, is the rate that scientists success using animals to testing on cloning. Even the animal is so hard to cloned, how can the human clone has a high success rate. The first clone animal Dolly, it spent 277 eggs and 30 started to divide, nine induced pregnancy but only one survived. Which means success cloning an animal might waste hundreds lives of animals. It’s not worthy to sacrifice those animals, also clone human even unrealistic. Also, even we success clone those animals, can they survive like normal animals? The sheep Dolly only survived 6 years, a normal sheep can live about 12 years, that is a serious problem. What if we try so hard to clone a human but he or she just can survive for 40 years? So that I think clone is an unethical technology, it doesn’t respect lives.
Human cloning has too much intervention on human development, it may affect the nature of the ethnic composition and natural development. Also, it might intensify family pluralistic tendency, disrupt the normal order of ethics, change people’s relationships, loss the sense of belonging and basic destroy the unique genes of human. Otherwise, it could lead to a degradation in the race, and change the concept of birth and death. Also, even we success cloning human we just can “copy” the appearance, human still have different personality. For example, some of people lost their family members, so that they dream of cloning their parents, husband. However, thinking and personality are individually, clone cannot replace people who already pass away.
Cloning human might cause big issues in our society. If someone clone the celebrity, politician, that might disturb our natural life. Everybody cannot be replaced, the clones and human have completely different thinking and experience, only the appearance cannot represent everything. Also, if some of crazy scientists clone large amount of human for soldier or workers, that might lead to a class issues for clones.
On the other hand, the technology of clone has medical benefits. We all know transplanting of human organ is a hard-medical problem, it’s too difficult to find an organ that matching another, but if we can clone human, not even human just clone the organ, it will save a lot of people all over the world.
Clone eliminate one’s personality, destroy the diversity of the class. Human cloning is a reproduction of donor people, their appearance and donor genome and identical, this eliminates the individual person their unique personality. The diversity of the loss of individuality is bound to destroy class. Class variety performance form the social balance and complementary, destroy the stability of the situation, the result must be painful.
Human cloning is blasphemy and violation of human nature, beneath the dignity of the people. Cloning might damage the rights of people with unique genotype, and a man without character has no dignity to speak of. Asexual reproduction is lower animal and plant breeding way, use it for higher animals, have been the natural evolution, then it is used for the soul of the universe of human tampering, will be demoted to human lower animals. When people can like products are copied, people will be weak sense of life, what would people like to cherish human cloning, will treat it like items? This is a challenge to human dignity.
Human cloning will give manufacturing is not easy to resolve the plight of the rule of law society. Two or more people have the same personality characteristics, namely the clone and donor who exist at the same time, will cause the behavior main body could not be determined from the Angle of law, it will bring to the judicial practice numerous problems.
Human cloning is bad for human evolution. People use cloning reproduction is for human development as one of natural species had a strong intervention, the intervention may affect the composition and natural development of the human race. Life is numerous genes through its ability to choose to survive. Repeated copying the same genes, and genes will make itself the power and quality of degraded gradually, over time, humans will lose genetic diversity, human sexual degradation is inevitable. Human evolution is in the process of natural evolution, is always the same genome of human cloning, because it could not change our genes, with the evolution of the natural will lack to fit into a natural survival ability in the future. Clone from advanced sex returned to low-level asexual reproduction, this clearly goes against the biological evolution rule.
However, all of the above should have a precondition, the scientists can control the process of clone well and also the organ has no imperfection. The Council of Ethical and Judicial Affairs for the AMA stated the following concerning possible problems with mutations and clones:
“Since the somatic cell from which clones originate likely will have acquired mutations, serial cloning would compound the accumulation that occurs in somatic cells. Although these mutations might not be apparent at the time of cloning, genetics problems could become exacerbated in future generations” The technology of clone is still under development, no one can control the process and result, especially human and animals.
In conclusion, everybody has parents, even animals. But how can we identify the family of cloning human. It is so hard to define the relationship between human and clones. Even the revolution of clone might have medical benefits in the future, but most of the part are unacceptable, especially cloning human. Each person has individual personality, we cannot use any other way to copy or replace it. It is unethical and illegal to cloning human so far. In fact, people cannot accept human cloning experiments, the main reason of the lies in the traditional ethical and moral concept. One thousand years, humans have always follows the way of sexual reproduction, but human cloning is a product of the laboratory, is the life of the under artificially produced.
Moreover, the relationship between the clone with the human cloning also goes against the traditional way of determined by blood biological ethics. All of these, make human cloning cannot be found in human traditional ethics moral right.