Our TPACK lesson revolves around SOL 3.11a, where the student will be able to tell time to the nearest minute. Content includes knowledge of AM and PM, the difference between the “little hand” and “big hand”, how hour, minute, and second hands move at different speeds to display the passing of time. Students will understand analog and digital clocks display the same time despite contrasting designs. Material for the lesson includes a hula hoop, markers, whiteboard, and a smart board (if available to display time on a digital clock). Students will also construct personal clocks to use at their desks during the lesson so everyone is participating and engage in learning the content. Materials for personal clocks include paper, scissors, markers and push pins.
To combine content and pedagogy, students will utilize the school schedule as a tool to practice different times with personal clocks. Clocks will be displayed on the board using a hula hoop with the numbers 1-12 showing the different hourly times. The instructor will ask the students to reiterate how many seconds are in a minute, how many minutes are in an hour, what hands represent on an analog clock, and how our school schedule is dictated by the current time. Students will present the times on the whiteboard using real-life examples from their daily school schedule. Technology and tools used, such as the smartboard displaying the digital time and the hula hoops, are excellent manipulatives to use when teaching the content because children are able to comprehend the continuity of time and how it is involved in our daily lives. This lesson illuminates the common misconceptions such as the distinction between AM and PM, how analog and digital clocks always display the same time despite different presentations, and how many minutes need to pass in order to be a full hour.